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FOREWORD 



Parks are for the people. All the peo- 
ple. The beauty of a mountain wilder- 
ness, the sense of identity and con- 
tinuity to be found at historic shrines, 
or the freedom from the constraints of 
urbanization that exists at the seashore 
or prairie — these things are the birth- 
right of us all. 

Those whose activities are restricted 
by physical handicaps may not be able 
to take part in many activities at our 
national parks, monuments, and rec- 
reation areas. There is, however, no 
limitation upon their ability to enjoy in 
other ways the miracles of life and 
living that make man realize he is part 
of nature. 

I think that the handicapped will be 
pleasantly surprised at the scope of 
activities and facilities now available to 
them in the National Park System. This 
booklet will help them plan their visits 
by telling them in advance of both the 
conveniences and the obstacles they 
may find there. 

I hope this booklet will encourage 
handicapped people to visit the parks. 
The wonderful experiences found in a 
park visit can be enjoyed by everyone. 

Rogers C. B. Morton 
Secretary of the Interior 



Too often in the past, public facilities 
were planned without regard for the 
needs of the handicapped. The Na- 
tional Park Service is now working on 
a double-edged program of building 
new facilities that easily accommodate 
the handicapped and of removing ex- 
isting obstructions to the full use of 
all facilities. 

This booklet tells what the handi- 
capped may expect in the way of fa- 
cilities and limitations in the National 
Park System. I want every handicapped 
person to know that the men and wom- 
en of the parks are anxious to help 
make your visit as enjoyable and trou- 
ble-free as possible. There is much we 
in the Park Service can do on our own 
— and much more we can do if the 
handicapped persons will ask. The 
rangers and interpreters are there to 
help. Please call on them. 

The national parks and historic 
places embrace both the wondrous di- 
versity of our natural inheritance and 
much that is significant from our na- 
tional past. Every American should 
know these lands. In this booklet we 
issue a specific invitation to the handi- 
capped. We hope you will accept it. 

George B. Hartzog, Jr. 
Director, National Park Service 



NATIONAL PARK 
GUIDE 
FOR THE 
HANDICAPPED 



Handicapped persons are welcome 
in the national parks and every effort 
is made to afford them comfort and 
convenience. Park personnel — rangers 
and interpreters — are trained in first 
aid and emergency treatment, and, 
what is Important, they are alert to the 
needs of those, who, for some reason, 
are restricted in their movement about 
the parks. Most facilities constructed 
in recent years have been designed 
with the handicapped in mind: ramps 
and graduated paths permit access to 
buildings and high elevations; auto- 
matic doors and wide passageways fa- 
cilitate the movement of wheelchairs; 
hospitals and on-the-spot equipment 
are available for heart patients; and 
special audio programs and contour 
exhibits assist the blind. The national 
parks are particularly concerned with 
the deaf, the blind, those confined to 
wheelchairs, and heart and special 
medical patients, but visitors should 
not hesitate to seek advice or assist- 
ance for any purpose. 

Deaf Visitors 

Among the handicapped, the deaf 
visitor to the parks is probably the least 
disadvantaged. All museum and way- 
side exhibits and trails are appropri- 
ately signed and marked with interpre- 
tive messages. Transcripts of audio 
programs and lectures have been made 
in some areas. Inquiries should be 
made at information desks. 

Blind Visitors 

Few areas are restricted to seeing- 
eye dogs and the blind are welcome 
in every park. Where there are no spe- 
cial programs and facilities, park per- 
sonnel are available for assistance. 
Special efforts have been made in 
many areas to accommodate the blind, 
such as the Meade Station Trail at Pe- 
tersburg National Battlefield which is 
posted with Braille markers. A number 
of the mountain and canyon parks have 
especially constructed contour maps, 
which may be touched by blind visitors, 



and many park concessioners have 
small plastic contour maps for sale. 
Also, in those cases where "don't 
touch" restrictions prevail, such as the 
log cabin at Lincoln Birthplace, regu- 
lations are suspended for the blind. 

Wheelchair Visitors 

The most common problems for 
wheelchair visitors are steps and door 
widths. With few exceptions these 
obstructions have been eliminated 
or modified so that visitors are free 
to move almost any place: nature trails 
and walkways are packed and smooth 
and some are paved; ramps are pro- 
vided at curbs, steps, and building en- 
trances; handrails have been installed 
in restroom facilities; scenic overlooks 
are equipped with guardrails; and spe- 
cial assistance is provided for con- 
ducted tours. With the exception of 
traveling on rugged terrain or unusu- 
ally steep inclines, wheelchair visitors 
can enjoy the national parks as easily 
as anyone else. Concessioners through- 
out the Park System provide accommo- 
dations for handicapped persons. 

Heart and Special Medical Visitors 

Park elevations and warnings on 
strenuous climbs are listed through- 
out this publication. Since so many of 
the natural areas have such features, 
visitors with respiratory ailments 
should pay particular attention. All 
areas cited are at elevations of less 
than 5,000 feet unless otherwise indi- 
cated. Paths and trails are adequately 
marked, but when in doubt, visitors 



should inquire at park headquarters. 
Oxygen and other respiratory equip- 
ment are available in such parks, and 
park personnel have been trained in 
their operation. Most parks have doc- 
tors, nurses, or medical attendants 
either within the park boundaries or 
In nearby towns. Where there is a lack 
of such facilities, the individual entry 
in this book will so state. Grand Can- 
yon is probably the most completely 
equipped to handle all medical cases. 
A hospital is on the park grounds. 

Living History Areas 

Certain parks in this directory are 
designated as "Living History" or "Liv- 
ing Farm" areas. As part of the Ser- 
vice's interpretative program, these 
dramatic and popular demonstrations 
bring to life a historic or natural history 
feature of the park. For example, park 
interpreters may show the operation of 
the ironworks at Saugus or a whiskey 
still at Catoctin Mountain. Some dem- 
onstrations deal with a single action or 
craft, such as firing an 18th-century 
musket or weaving an Indian basket, 
while others illustrate the life of a mili- 
tary camp, a farm, or a period home. 

In almost every instance, handi- 
capped persons can find some enjoy- 
ment in these activities. Exceptions 
are always made for the blind so that 
they may participate by feeling the 
utensils, artifacts, and products. Upon 
request, wheelchair visitors will be as- 
sisted to better viewing positions. 



A Note on the Listing 

Park addresses listed in this direc- 
tory are mailing addresses and not nec- 
essarily locations. Since many parks 
are situated on or near State borders, 
mailing and location addresses will 
frequently vary. The Park Service has 
made an effort to eliminate problems 
to make park visits enjoyable for the 
handicapped. Park superintendents are 
receptive to suggestions for further 
improvements. 

Not all authorized parks are de- 
scribed. The following areas have been 
omitted because they had no Federal 
facilities at the time of publication: Bis- 
cayne National Monument, Fla.; Cape 
Lookout National Seashore, N.C.; Carl 
Sandburg Home National Historic Site, 
N.C.; Florissant Fossil Beds National 
Monument, Colo.; Fort Bowie National 
Historic Site, Ariz.; Indiana Dunes Na- 
tional Lakeshore, Ind.; Marble Canyon 
National Monument, Ariz.; Saint Croix 
Island National Monument, Maine; 
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway, 
Minn. -Wis.; Wolf National Scenic Riv- 
erway, Wis. 




Muir Woods 



Alabama 



Alaska 



8 Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Glacier Bay National Monument 



Route 1, Box 63, Daviston, AL 36256. 

Site of the battle of March 27, 1814, 
on the Tallapoosa River when Gen. 
Andrew Jackson's forces broke the 
power of the Creek Indian Confeder- 
acy. The battle opened Alabama and 
other parts of the Old Southwest to 
settlement. A "Living History" area. 

A 3-miIe road that loops through the 
battlefield has overlooks, roadside ex- 
hibits, and paved paths to exhibit shel- 
ters. The steps leading to the visitor 
center can be by-passed by crossing 
a short section of lawn. 



Natchez Trace Parkway 
See Mississippi. 



Russell Cave National Monument 
Route 1, Box 175, Bridgeport, AL 35740. 

Cave containing an almost contin- 
uous archeological record of human 
habitation from at least 6000 B.C. to 
about A.D. 1650. A "Living History" 
area. 

Visitor center and cave are acces- 
sible by wheelchair, with assistance. 
Outdoor living history demonstrations 
conducted in season. Interpretive talks 
and guided tours given to organized 
groups. 




c/o Alaska Group, National Park Ser- 
vice, P.O. Box 2252, Anchorage, AK 
99501. 

Tidewater glaciers and examples of 
early stages of postglacial forests; rare 
species of wildlife; largest area in Na- 
tional Park System. 

Accessible by seaplane and charter 
boats from Juneau only. Main features 
are viewed daily by 8- to 10-hour trips 
from a 49-passenger cruise ship in 
company with a park naturalist. A 
boardwalk connects cabins and Gla- 
cier Bay Lodge. Portable ramps are 
available for wheelchair use. An inter- 
pretive talk-campfire program is held 
nightly in the lodge. The audiovisual 
room is on the second floor, but per- 
sonnel is available to assist wheelchair 
visitors. Roads are dirt, packed ade- 
quately for traverse by wheelchair, with 
assistance. (The monument is near 
Gustavus.) 



Katmai National Monument 

c/o Alaska Group, National Park Ser- 
vice, P.O. Box 2252, Anchorage, AK 
99501. 

Dying volcanic region includes the 
Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, scene 
of a violent eruption in 1912; home of 
the world's largest carnivore, the 
brown bear. 

Access difficulties, rustic facilities, 
and lack of medical assistance and of 
suitable ground travel equipment make 
the area unsuitable for use by severely 
handicapped persons. (The monument 
is near King Salmon.) 



Glacier Bay 



Arizona 



Mount McKinley National Park 

c/o Alaska Group, National Park Ser- 
vice, P.O. Box 2252, Anchorage, AK 
99501. 

Mount McKinley, 20,320 feet, highest 
mountain in North America; large gla- 
ciers; caribou, Dall sheep, moose, griz- 
zly bears, timber wolves, and other 
spectacular wildlife. A "Living History" 
area. 

Graveled roadways and walks are 
unsuitable for wheelchairs. McKinley 
Park Hotel has entrance at the rear. 
Lobby and dining room are on the main 
floor, lounge and recreation room In 
the basement, and overnight guest- 
rooms on main and second floors. 

Eielson Visitor Center is 65 miles 
from the hotel and can be reached by 
bus or car. Displays, restrooms, and 
observation facilities are all on one 
level and easily accessible by wheel- 
chair. Audiovisual programs, interpre- 
tive talks, bus tour, and self-guiding 
paths (gravel) are available at the hotel 
area. Highest road elevation: 3,950 feet. 
Nurses and doctors are not available. 
Primary access to the park is by rail- 
road. (The park is 424 miles north of 
Anchorage.) 



Sitka National Monument 



c/o Alaska Group, National Park Ser- 
vice, P.O. Box 2252, Anchorage, AK 
99501. 

Site of 1804 fort and battle which 
marked the last major Tlingit Indian re- 
sistance to Russian colonization. Fine 
exhibit of totem poles. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

Visitor center and all its facilities and 
events, including daily interpretive 
talks, are accessible by wheelchair. 
The 1-mile (round trip) trail to the In- 
dian fort site is unpaved but can be 
traversed by wheelchair with assist- 
ance. Transportation from the airport 
to the monument is successively by 
school-type bus, motor launch, and 
school-type bus. (The monument is in 
downtown Sitka.) 



Canyon de Chelly National Monument 
P.O. Box 588, Chinle, AZ 86503. 

Ruins of Indian villages built between 
A.D. 350 and 1300 at the base of sheer 
red cliffs and in caves in canyon walls; 
modern Navajo Indian homes and 
farms. 

The visitor center, Thunderbird 
Ranch Motel and Curio Shop, and the 
campground comfort stations are all 
accessible by wheelchair. The parking 
curb, 55 feet from the visitor center, 
has a ramp. Visitor center entry doors 
are 66 inches wide, but restroom doors 
are only 29 inches wide outside and 
22V2 inches inside. Assistance will be 
needed over the parking area curb at 
the Thunderbird Lodge and Restau- 
rant. Natural features are accessible 
only by hiking, car, or special four- 
wheel-drive vehicles. Wheelchair users 
may take the canyon jeep tour pro- 
vided they have assistance entering 
and debarking. Audiovisual programs 
and interpretive talks are offered at the 
visitor center. Special talks in season 
are given at White House Ruin and on 
the South Rim drive to White House 
overlook, which are visited on the jeep 
tour. Campfire programs are given at 
Cottonwood Campground. 

Elevation at visitor center: 5,500 feet. 
South Rim drive averages 7,000 feet. 
White House trail Is much too strenu- 
ous for persons with a breathing or 
coronary problem. Oxygen is available 
at the visitor center and at the Public 
Health Service at Chinle, 1 mile away. 




f 

Canyon de Chelly 



Arizona continued 



Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Coronado National Memorial 



P.O. Box 518, Coolidge, AZ 85228. 

Ruins of a massive four-story build- 
ing constructed of high-lime desert soil 
by Indians who farmed the Gila Valley 
600 years ago. 

Entire area is accessible to wheel- 
chairs. Visitor center entrance and exit 
have ramps. All doors have lock-open 
devices. Restroom doors are 30 inches 
wide. An audio message repeater sta- 
tion, plus guided trips, are available for 
the blind. Maximum climb is eight 
steps. Stooping to enter Casa Grande 
rooms could be difficult for persons 
with a serious heart condition. 



Chiricahua National Monument 

Dos Cabezas Star Route, Willcox, AZ 
85643. 

Varied rock formations created mil- 
lions of years ago by volcanic activity. 

Wheelchair users will require some 
assistance up the four entrance steps 
to the visitor center. Parking pullouts, 
all surfaced, include those for viewing 
formations called China Boy, Sea Cap- 
tain, Organ Pipe Rocks, and Lake Bed 
Deposit. Summer campfire programs 
are given at the campground. 

Elevation on main road: 5,300 to 
6,900 feet. Average elevation of main 
features: 6,300 feet. All hikes, except 
nature trails, are too strenuous for per- 
sons with a serious heart condition. 



Star Route, Hereford, AZ 85615. 

Commemorates the first European 
exploration of the Southwest by Fran- 
cisco Vasquez de Coronado, in 1540- 
42, and provides a view of part of the 
route by which his expedition entered 
what is now the United States. 

Administration building, with its lob- 
by exhibits, is accessible to wheelchair 
visitors. A 6-inch parking area curb 
must be negotiated. Blind persons can 
enjoy hearing and touching a few ex- 
hibits at the visitor center. Restrooms 
in the administration building and com- 
fort stations in the picnic area and at 
Montezuma Pass are inaccessible to 
wheelchair visitors because of narrow 
doors, narrow, unsurfaced trails, and 
concrete steps. Montezuma Pass con- 
tact station is accessible by wheelchair 
via 50 feet of gravel walk from the 
paved parking area. The parking area 
offers scenic views and wayside exhib- 
its. There are benches along the Coro- 
nado Peak trail, a 275-foot climb; how- 
ever, it is too steep for wheelchair visi- 
tors. Interpretive talks are offered at 
Montezuma Pass and in the adminis- 
tration building upon request. 

Elevation of main entrance road: at 
Coronado, 5,200 feet, rising to 6,600 
feet within 3 miles. Oxygen, medical, 
and ambulance service are obtained 
from Bisbee, Sierra Vista, and Fort 
Huachuca, 25 miles from the park. 




Chiricahua 



Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Grand Canyon National Park 



11 



P.O. Box 1507, Page, AZ 86040. 

Lake Powell formed by the Colorado 
River behind one of the highest dams 
In the world. In Arizona and Utah. 

All developed facilities, picnic areas, 
scenic overlooks, and campgrounds 
are easily accessible for the handi- 
capped. Visitor center curb at the dam 
and motel-restaurant at Wahweap have 
ramps. There are level walks to com- 
fort stations, and ramps to Wahweap 
Lodge and boat tour office. The Glen 
Canyon Dam parking area, 50 feet from 
the visitor center, allows ready access 
to a shallow terrace 4 inches higher. 
Doors are wide enough for wheel- 
chairs. Restroom facilities are ade- 
quate. Wheelchair visitors can take the 
self-guiding tour of the dam by eleva- 
tor. Each developed campground has 
at least one comfort station designed 
for wheelchair visitors. 

Elevation: 4,060 feet at Wahweap, 
3,150 feet at Lees Ferry, and 4,118 feet 
at Halls and Bullfrog Crossings. Oxy- 
gen is available at the visitor center, 
administration building, maintenance 
building, in all recreation area patrol 
vehicles and patrol boats, at all mari- 
nas, and in the search and rescue 
cache at Wahweap. Ambulance and 
airplane services to the hospital at 
Page is available. 



Grand Canyon National Monument 

c/o Grand Canyon National Park, 
P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 
86023. 

Part of the Grand Canyon of the Col- 
orado River containing Toroweap Point 
with its unusual view of the Inner Gorge 
and lava dam of Recent Era. No facili- 
ties for the handicapped. (The monu- 
ment adjoins the North Rim of Grand 
Canyon National Park on the west.) 



P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 
86023. 

Most spectacular part of the Colo- 
rado River's greatest canyon, 217 miles 
long and 4 to 18 miles wide; exposure 
of rocks representing vast geologic 
time. A "Living History" area. 

South Rim, open all year, has alti- 
tudes of 6,790 to 7,440 feet. Visitor cen- 
ter exhibits, walkway, and entry are 
all on one level. A wheelchair ramp 
crosses the parking lot curb. Restroom 
entry doors are only 30 inches wide, 
but can be managed with a collapsible 
wheelchair. Restroom booths have as- 
sist bars. Also accessible are the Ya- 
vapai Museum, Bright Angel Lodge 
(steps in building), cafeteria, motor 
lodge office, and Hopi House (steps in 
building). El Tovar Hotel has a service 
elevator from the basement to the first 
floor, and Thunderbird Lodge (two sto- 
ry) and Kachina Lodge (two story) are 
accessible from the rim side. Both 
lodges have service elevators to sec- 
ond floor. Restroom stalls at Yavapai 
Museum, Desert View, and Hermits 
Rest lack suitable aids for the handi- 
capped. Some South Rim overlooks are 
accessible wholly or in part by wheel- 
chair but three steps precede the walk 
to Grandview Point. Wayside exhibits 
accessible are Moran and Lipan Points, 
Desert View, Bright Angel Trail and 
Kaibab Trail overlooks, Mather Point, 
and Trailview. Geologic talks are given 
at Yavapai Museum, and campfire pro- 
grams are offered on the South Rim. 
There is a hospital on the South Rim. 




Grand Canyon 



Arizona continued 



12 North Rim elevation varies from 7,870 

to 8,825 feet. Wheelchair visitors will 
need help over two steps entering the 
Bright Angel Ranger Station exhibit 
room. Grand Lodge lobby is level with 
the parking lot, but there are steps to 
the dining room, sun porch, auditorium, 
and veranda. The 32-inch doors on 
both restrooms are adequate for wheel- 
chairs. The inn (cafeteria and store) is 
level with the parking lots. Most North 
Rim overlooks are wholly or partly ac- 
cessible by wheelchair. Cape Royal 
and Bright Angel Point (first section) 
self-guiding trails are accessible. Cape 
Royal has geological talks; campfire 
programs are held near the camp- 
ground. The North Rim is open from 
early May to mid-October. 



Hubbell Trading Post 
National Historic Site 

c/o Navajo Lands Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 539, Farmington, NM 
87401 . 

A 95-year-old trading post illustrating 
the influence of reservation traders on 
the Indians' way of life. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

The trading post, Hubbell home, and 
grounds are accessible by wheelchair. 
Average elevation: 6,330 feet. (The site 
is 1 mile west of Ganado, Ariz., on the 
Navajo Indian Reservation.) 




Hubbell Trading Post 



Lake Mead National Recreation Area 

601 Nevada Highway, Boulder City, NV 
89005. 

Includes Lake Mead, formed by Hoo- 
ver Dam, and Lake Mojave, by Davis 
Dam, on the Colorado River. In Arizona 
and Nevada. 

The handicapped can enjoy many 
facilities here with little exertion. Scen- 
ic overlooks are accessible by car. Wil- 
low Beach Motel and Katherine Resort 
are accessible by wheelchair. Both 
have at least one level entrance, no 
steps, walks at least 48 inches wide, 
and openings (including restrooms) at 
least 32 Inches wide. Their eating 
places, and the one at Temple Bar, 
have one-level entrances and door 
openings (including restrooms) at least 
32 inches wide. At least one comfort 
station is accessible by wheelchair at 
Temple Bar, Willow Beach, and Kath- 
erine. Campfire programs are held at 
Katherine and Temple Bar amphithe- 
aters, reached by surfaced walks. 

The following buildings are accessi- 
ble by wheelchair, having at least one 
level entrance, no steps, walks at least 
48 inches wide, and door openings (in- 
cluding restrooms) at least 32 inches 
wide: Boulder Beach Visitor Center and 
the ranger stations at Las Vegas Wash, 
Echo Bay, and Cottonwood Cove. The 
administration building at Boulder City, 
with lobby exhibits, is accessible also, 
but the restrooms are too confining for 
wheelchairs. The following concession- 
er facilities have at least one level en- 
trance and door openings 32 Inches or 
more wide: Lake Mead Lodge, Boulder 
Beach, and Echo Bay Motel. The fol- 
lowing eating places have at least one 
level entrance and door openings (In- 
cluding restrooms) 32 inches or more 
wide: Echo Bay, Overton Beach, and 
Eldorado Canyon. At least one com- 
fort station each at Echo Bay, Las Ve- 
gas Wash, Boulder Beach, and Cotton- 
wood Cove Campgrounds is accessible 
by wheelchair. Audiovisual programs 
are offered at the Boulder Beach Visi- 
tor Center and at Las Vegas Wash, 
Echo Bay, and Cottonwood Cove ran- 
ger stations. Campfire programs are 
held at the Boulder Beach amphithea- 
ter, reached by surfaced walks. 



Montezuma Castle National Monument Navajo National Monument 



13 



P.O. Box 218, Camp Verde, AZ 86322. 

One of the best- preserved cliff dwell- 
ings in the United States; five-story, 
20-room castle is 90 percent intact. In- 
cludes Montezuma Well, of archeologi- 
cal and geological interest. 

Ramped parking area curb provides 
wheelchair access to the visitor cen- 
ter, 130 feet away, but help is needed 
over restroom steps (men's room, two 
steps; women's room, five steps). Out- 
side restroom doors are 28 inches 
wide, stalls, 30 inches. Most of the self- 
guiding Sycamore Trail is accessible 
to wheelchairs except for the portion 
on the upper level through Castle "A." 
Also accessible are trailside interpre- 
tive devices and an audio interpreta- 
tion at a shelter housing a model of 
Montezuma Castle. At the Well section, 
only the picnic area and information 
station are accessible. The comfort sta- 
tion has steps. The Well section is too 
steep for most handicapped persons. 
Conducted tours are given on request. 

Average elevation: 3,200 feet. Oxy- 
gen is available. Nurse, doctor, and 
ambulance services are 5 miles away 
at Camp Verde. A hospital at Cotton- 
wood is 20 miles away. 




c/o Navajo Lands Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 539, Farmington, NM 
87401 . 

Three of the largest and most elab- 
orate cliff dwellings known — Betatakin, 
Keet Seel, and Inscription House. 

The visitor center is accessible to 
wheelchairs by a curb ramp at the 
parking area, 40 feet away. Entry is by 
6-foot-wide double doors. The Navajo 
Tribal Arts and Crafts Guild salesroom, 
exhibit room, and auditorium are in the 
visitor center. Width of the restroom 
doors is 28 inches, but the booths do 
not have handrails. Betatakin and Tsegi 
Canyons can be seen from the patio. 
Sidewalks and trails lead to the Fork- 
Stick Hogan exhibit, picnic area, and 
campfire circle. 

Elevation: 7,280 feet. Oxygen is avail- 
able. Nearest hospital (Monument Val- 
ley) is 70 miles away. (The monument Is 
near Tonalea, Ariz.) 



Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument 
P.O. Box 38, Ajo,AZ 85321. 

Sonoran Desert plants and animals; 
mountains, plains, traces of historic 
trail, Camino del Diablo. 

Self-guiding motor nature trails. Qui- 
tobaquito Oasis foot trail, accessible by 
ramp from the parking lot, is suitable 
for wheelchair use. Visitor center with 
exhibit room and live interpretive pro- 
grams is approached by a ramp; there 
are sturdy handrails. Restrooms here 
and one at the campground have wide 
doors, outswinging booth doors, and 
handrails in the booths. Campsites are 
paved as are the approach walks to 
the special campground restroom. 



Organ Pipe Cactus 



Arizona continued 



14 



Petrified Forest National Park 



Petrified 
86025. 



Forest National Park, AZ 



Extensive natural exhibit of petrified 
trees; Indian ruins and petroglyphs; a 
portion of the colorful Painted Desert. 

The entire park road is an interpre- 
tive drive by and through key features. 
Most overlooks are easily accessible 
by wheelchair, but help is needed over 
most parking lot curbs including the 
one at Painted Desert Visitor Center 
and at the outside restrooms there. The 
visitor center is on one level with wide 
doors. There is a ramp from the patio 
to the community building where sum- 
mer audiovisual programs are held, 
and one from the front of the com- 
munity building to the rear entrance 
of Rainbow Forest Museum. Curio 
shop and eating facilities at Painted 
Desert and Rainbow Forest have wide 
doors and are on ground level. A 
nearby driveway at Rainbow Forest 
avoids the parking lot curb. 

Maximum elevation: 6,235 feet. First- 
aid facilities, including oxygen, are 
available at the museum and visitor 
center; ambulance and hospital facili- 
ties in Holbrook, 26 miles away. 




Pipe Spring National Monument 

c/o Southern Utah Group, National 
Park Service, P.O. Box 749, Cedar City, 
UT 84720. 

Historic fort and other structures 
built by Mormon pioneers. A "Living 
Farm" area. 

Every effort is made to give the 
handicapped a true "living ranch" ex- 
perience. Conducted tours are avail- 
able to the handicapped except to the 
fort's second floor, which is accessible 
only by stairs that are narrow and 
steep. Wheelchair visitors can reach 
the courtyard and lower rooms but 
they will require considerable assist- 
ance up six large stone steps. The 
first floor of the fort has two levels on 
each side, one reached by six steps 
down, the other by two steps up. Two 
rock cabins, in which the Mormons 
lived while building the fort, are ac- 
cessible. The nature of construction 
of all of these historic buildings has 
made it virtually impossible to con- 
struct ramps suitable to wheelchairs. 
It is necessary, therefore, for at least 
two persons to accompany wheelchair 
visitors. Some steps and pathways will 
require strong assistance. Parking 
areas, picnic area, and comfort station 
are easily accessible. 

Elevation: 5,000 feet. Oxygen, nurse, 
doctor, ambulance, and hospital facili- 
ties are available at Kanab, Utah, 22 
miles away. (The monument is near 
Moccasin, Ariz.) 



Petrified Forest 



Saguaro National Monument 

P.O. Box 17210, Tucson, AZ 85710. 

Cactus forest containing the giant 
saguaro unique to the Sonoran Desert 
of southern Arizona and northwestern 
Mexico. 

Wheelchair ramps at parking lots 
lead to the visitor center in the Rincon 
Mountain Section (east of Tucson) and 
to the information center, with its in- 
door and outdoor exhibits, in the Tuc- 
son Mountain Section (west of Tucson). 
Visitor center facilities include a cac- 
tus garden exhibit room and an audio- 
visual room where a natural history 
slide program is presented every 20 
minutes. Wayside exhibits, including 
a 300-yard, self-guiding nature trail 
and a picnic area, are accessible to 
wheelchair users taking the scenic 9- 
mile Cactus Forest Drive. 

Average elevation of the saquaro 
forests and scenic drives: 2,500 feet 
in the Tucson Mountain Section to 
3,200 feet in the Rincon Mountain Sec- 
tion. The crest of the Rincon Moun- 
tains is 8,666 feet and Is accessible 
only by trails, which are not suitable 
for wheelchair use. 



Sunset Crater National Monument 

c/o Grand Canyon National Park, 
P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023. 

Volcanic cinder cone with summit 
crater formed just before A.D. 1100. 
Upper part has sunsetlike glow. 

Cinder Hills overlook, Lava Flow and 
Base, Painted Desert View at Loop 
Road, and three wayside exhibits are 
accessible by wheelchair, but two foot 
trails across lava flows and loose cin- 
ders are little suited for use by the 
handicapped. A ramp from the park- 
ing area and two ramps from the front 
walk provide wheelchair access to the 
visitor center and restrooms. Rest- 
room doors are 33 inches wide, larg- 
est stall opening, 30 inches. 

Elevation: 7,000 feet — of special note 
for heart patients. Oxygen is available. 
Nearest hospital is at Flagstaff, 22 
miles away. An 18-mile loop road con- 
nects Sunset Crater National Monu- 
ment with Wupatkl National Monument. 



Tonto National Monument 

P.O. Box 707, Roosevelt, AZ 85545. 

Well preserved cliff dwellings occu- 
pied in the 14th century by Salado In- 
dians who farmed in the Salt River 
Valley. 

The steep y2-mile trail to the cliff 
dwelling is not recommended for those 
with heart or respiratory disorders. 
However, such persons can enjoy the 
visitor center, which contains a mu- 
seum of Salado Indian life and artifacts, 
two audiovisual programs about the 
Indians, and other displays. A desert 
garden in the parking area is easily ac- 
cessible. There is a view of the Lower 
Ruin, the Sierra Anchas, Roosevelt 
Lake, and the landscape of the Lower 
Sonoran Desert. Exhibit rooms, lobby, 
and restrooms are easily accessible to 
wheelchairs. 



Tumacacori National Monument 
P.O. Box 67, Tumacacori, AZ 85640. 

Historic Spanish mission building 
near the site first visited by Jesuit Fa- 
ther Kino, in 1691. 

The visitor center is accessible to 
wheelchairs once the parking area 
curb has been negotiated. A total of 
10 steps make the old church inac- 
cessible to wheelchairs, but the self- 
guiding paths are passable. There are 
museum exhibits in the visitor center, 
and interpretive talks on the grounds 
are given. 



15 




Tumacacori 



Arizona continued 



Tuzig oot National Monument 

P.O. Box 68, Clarkdale, AZ 86324. 

Excavated ruins of an Indian pueblo 
which flourished between A.D. 1000 
and 1400; outstanding example of large 
pueblos of the Verde Valley. 

Handicapped persons can use the 
service road which leads to a ramp at 
the visitor center. Doors permit wheel- 
chair passage. A ramp walkway leads 
to the restrooms and there is one stall 
with wide doors and handrails in both 
the men's and women's facilities. The 
museum has a model of the ruin, 21 
exhibit cases showing the culture of 
the Sinagua Indians, and a room show- 
ing a life-size model of Indian life of 
500 years ago. 

Elevation: 3,420 feet. A wheelchair 
ramp by-passing steps on the ruin trail 
permits access to the upper part of the 
ruins. 



Walnut Canyon National Monument 

c/o Grand Canyon National Park, 
P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023. 

Cliff dwellings, under ledges of lime- 
stone, built by Pueblo Indians about 
800 years ago. 

Wheelchair users will need help over 
the parking lot curbs to reach the visi- 
tor center and to get to the trail en- 
trance. The visitor center steps have 
handrails. On request, park personnel 
will help wheelchair users enter the vis- 
itor center; once inside they can ma- 
neuver themselves to the museum and 
to see the site ruins across the canyon. 
However, the view porch downstairs is 
inaccessible. Wheelchair visitors can 
also travel the Rim Trail for view of 
cliff dwellings and recently excavated 
surface ruins. 

Elevation: 6,700 feet. The Island Trail 
is unsuitable for wheelchair visitors 
and persons with a heart condition. 
The trail descends nearly 200 feet, a 
total of 240 steps, and, in spite of hand- 
rails, the return trip is a strenuous 
climb. (The monument is near Flag- 
staff.) 



Wupatki National Monument 

c/o Grand Canyon National Park, 
P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 
86023. 

Ruins of red sandstone pueblos built 
by farming Indians about A.D. 1065. 
The modern Hopi Indians are believed 
to be partly descended from these 
people. 

Painted Desert View at the picnic 
area, Nalakihu Ruin, a close view of 
Wukoki, and two wayside exhibits may 
be enjoyed by wheelchair, as may part 
of Wupatki Trail, with assistance. Two 
ramps lead from the parking area to 
the front walk of the visitor center, 
which has wide doors. Restroom doors 
are 29 inches wide, stall doors, 22 
inches wide. 

Elevation: 4,900 feet. Oxygen is 
available, but the nearest medical, am- 
bulance, and hospital facilities are at 
Flagstaff, 45 miles away. An 18-mile 
loop road connects Wupatki National 
Monument with Sunset Crater National 
Monument. 



. 1 

i 




Arkansas 



Arkansas P ost National Memorial 
Gillett, AR 72055. 

Site of the first permanent French 
settlement in the Lower Mississippi 
Valley, founded in 1686. 

Visitor center, picnic area, tour road 
around the lake, the 2/3-mile nature- 
history trail, the foundation of the first 
bank building in Arkansas, and an early 
cistern are all accessible by wheel- 
chair. 



Fort Smith National Historic Site 
P.O. Box 1406, Fort Smith, AR 72901 . 

One of the first U.S. military posts in 
the Louisiana Territory; from 1817 to 
1890, a center of authority for the re- 
gions to the west. 

With assistance from park person- 
nel, the Federal Court Building, being 
used temporarily as a visitor center, 
is accessible by wheelchair. The re- 
constructed gallows is accessible, but 
the walk to the first fort site is too steep 
for wheelchair visitors and may be too 
strenuous for those with a serious heart 
condition. 



Hot Springs National Park 

P.O. Box 1219, Hot Springs National 
Park, AR 71901. 

Forty-seven hot mineral-water 
springs used in the relief of certain 
ailments. 

The visitor center is accessible by 
wheelchair via ramps at back. Eight 
bathhouses in the park and seven bath- 
ing establishments outside the park are 
also accessible. Three buildings in the 
park and six outside the park have 
ramps or elevators to upper floors. 
Visitors using wheelchairs may readily 
enjoy Display Springs and the Prome- 
nade. Scenic overlooks can be enjoyed 
from an automobile. Audio stations are 
at Display Springs and Heat Exchange, 
and there is a self-guiding nature trail 
on the Promenade. Campfire programs 
are offered in summer at the camp- 
ground amphitheater four nights a 
week. Street curbs in the downtown 
section of Hot Springs are cut for 
wheelchairs. 



Pea Ridge National Military Park 1 7 

Pea Ridge, AR 72751. 

Scene of one of the major engage- 
ments of the Civil War west of the Mis- 
sissippi on March 7-8, 1862. 

Persons in wheelchairs can have a 
pleasurable visit to this area. The park 
tour road with wayside stations having 
interpretive devices and the visitor cen- 
ter with exhibit rooms and auditorium 
are accessible. Assistance will be 
needed, however, to reach the terrace, 
four steps above the main floor level, 
and to enter Elkhorn Tavern. The steep 
stairway precludes access to the tav- 
ern's second floor. The self-guiding 
trail in the detached section of the park 
has a steep incline. 




Hot Springs 



California 



Cabrillo National Monument 

P.O. Box 6175, San Diego, CA 92106. 

Memorial to Juan Rodriguez Ca- 
brillo, Portuguese explorer who dis- 
covered for Spain, in 1542, the west 
coast of what is now the United States. 

All facilities except a tidal pool area 
are accessible to the handicapped. 
The visitor center has a traffic circle 
for unloading; parking is 75 yards 
away. Walkways, auditorium, whale- 
viewing pavilion, exhibit room, admin- 
istration building, and visitor center 
restrooms are suitable for wheelchair 
visitors. Restroom stall doors are 25 
inches wide. Two overlooks at the 
view building have steps with hand- 
rails. A rest area with benches, water 
fountain, and harbor view is easily ac- 
cessible by wheelchair from the west 
entrance. 

The Cabrillo statue near the visitor 
center is reached by a gently sloping 
concrete walkway. The whale overlook 
is accessible by wheelchair ramp but 
the lighthouse has very steep, narrow 
steps. The tower climb is inadvisable 
for anyone with a serious heart ailment. 
There are also steps leading to the 
front entrance of the building. The bi- 
lingual (English and Spanish) audio 
stations at the Whale Overlook and at 
the tower are easily reached. 



Channel Islands National Monument 
P.O. Box 1388, Oxnard, CA 93030. 

Large rookery of sea lions, nesting 
sea birds, unique plants and animals. 

Wheelchair visitors can take boat 
trips from Oxnard to Anacapa and 
Santa Barbara Islands but cannot go 
ashore. 



Death Valley National Monument 
Death Valley, CA 92328. 

Large desert almost surrounded by 
high mountains; contains lowest point 
in the Western Hemisphere; famous in 
history of the West. In California and 
Nevada. 

Visitor center is accessible by wheel- 
chair but restroom stall doors are only 
24 inches wide. The Furnace Creek Inn 
has elevator service to all floors. Scot- 
ty's Castle has a snack bar and gift 
shop accessible by wheelchair, but a 
tour of the building is inadvisable. 
Many features are reached by car. 
Trails are unpaved and unsuitable for 
wheelchairs. The visitor center has a 
20-minute recorded slide program and 
a nightly indoor program from Novem- 
ber through April. Heat is severe from 
May through October. 

Elevations along entrance roads and 
to main points of interest in the valley 
range from 280 feet below to 5,000 feet 
above sea level. Other points of interest 
on side trips in the mountains, easily 
accessible by road, range up to 8,133 
feet above sea level. 



Devils Postpile National Monument 

c/o Yosemite National Park, 

P.O. Box 577, Yosemite National Park, 

CA 95389. 

Symmetrical blue-gray columns ris- 
ing as high as 60 feet, fitting closely to- 
gether; a remnant of a basaltic lava 
flow. 

This area is inaccessible to the han- 
dicapped. Elevation averages 7,600 
feet. 



John Muir National Historic Site 

c/o San Francisco Bay Area Group, 
National Park Service, Point Reyes, CA 
94956. 

John Muir House and adjacent Mar- 
tinez Adobe commemorating Muir's 
contributions to conservation and lit- 
erature. 



The house is inaccessible to wheel- 
chair users but they can attend an 
audiovisual program in the visitor cen- 
ter and tour some of the grounds with 
assistance over the graveled trails. 
(The house is at 4202 Alhambra Ave., 
Martinez.) 



Jostiua Tree National Monument 



P.O. Box 875, Twentynine Palms, CA 
92277. 

Representative stand of Joshua-trees; 
great variety of desert plants and ani- 
mals, including the desert bighorn. 

Wheelchair visitors have access to 
the Twentynine Palms Oasis Visitor 
Center and to the Cottonwood visitor 
contact station but will need help over 
6-inch curbs in the parking area. Visi- 
tor center and contact station have 
ramps and doors wide enough for entry 
but the restroom doors are too narrow 
for wheelchairs. All important natural 
features — rock formations, Joshua- 
trees and other desert plants, wildflow- 
er displays, part of the Salton View 
overlook, and Cholla Cactus Garden 
— can be viewed from cars. Elevation 
along the main road: 1,750 to 5,150 
feet. Average elevation of main fea- 
tures: 4,000 feet. 



ture trail, the Devastated Area exhib- 
its. Windy Point, Diamond Point, Kings 
Creek Meadow, Devastated Area, and 
Lassen Peak vistas. Manzanita Lake 
interpretive talks and seismograph sta- 
tion are on a June 15-September 15 
schedule. 

Elevation on main roads: 5,800 to 
8,500 feet. Average elevation of main 
features: 7,000 feet. The walk to Lassen 
Peak, Cinder Cone, Kings Creek Falls, 
and Brokeoff Mountain is inadvisable 
for persons with a heart ailment. 



Lava Beds National Monument 

c/o Klamath Falls Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 128, Klamath Falls, 
OR 97601. 

Unusual exhibits of volcanic activity; 
principal theater of the Modoc Indian 
War, 1872-73. 

Most of the public facilities and sig- 
nificant park features are accessible to 
wheelchair visitors. The museum has 
a 2-inch step at the entrance. Indian 
Well campground, near park headquar- 
ters, can be reached by car. Evening 
campfire programs are accessible. Bird 
and animal life can be enjoyed at stop- 
ping points along the park road. (The 
monument is near Tulelake, Calif.) 



19 



Lassen Volcanic National Park 
Mineral, CA 96063. 

Contains only recently active (1914 
and 1921) volcano in conterminous 
United States; impressive volcanic phe- 
nomena. A "Living History" area. 

The following buildings are accessi- 
ble by wheelchair at Manzanita Lake: 
park naturalists' and district rangers' 
offices, lodge, general store, lunch 
counter, post office, campground rang- 
er station, camper service building 
(shower and laundry facilities), and the 
majority of comfort stations. Wheel- 
chair visitors can enjoy the first section 
of the Sulphur Works self-guiding na- 



Muir Woods National Monument 

c/o San Francisco Bay Area Group, 
National Park Service, Point Reyes, CA 
94956. 

Virgin stand of coast redwoods. 
Named for John Muir, writer and con- 
servationist. 

A wheelchair is available at the ad- 
ministration office. The snackbar, val- 
ley features, two interpretive displays, 
and three-quarters of a mile of self- 
guiding trails are accessible by wheel- 
chair. Interpretive talks are given on 
request. A Braille trail describes the 
environment and is used as "Dogs for 
the Blind" training. Hikes beyond the 
valley floor are impractical for persons 
with a heart ailment. (The monument is 
near Mill Valley.) 



California continued 



20 Pinnacles National Monument 
Paicines, CA 95043. 

Spirelike rock formations 500 to 
1,200 feet high, with caves and a va- 
riety of volcanic features. 

Wheelchair visitors may view the nat- 
ural features by car on the west side, 
but the east side buildings and all spe- 
cial activities are inaccessible to them 
because of the steep terrain and unsur- 
faced walks. The Bear Gulch Cave hike, 
round trip of 1 % miles, is unsuitable for 
persons with a heart ailment because 
of a 300-foot rise and 150 steps. 



Point Reyes National Seashore 

c/o San Francisco Bay Area Group, 
National Park Service, Point Reyes, CA 
94956. 

A peninsula north of San Francisco 
noted for its long beaches, tall cliffs, 
lagoons, esteros, forested ridges, and 
offshore bird and sea lion colonies. A 
"Living Farm" area. 

Spectacular views of the Pacific 
Ocean, Drakes Estero, Drakes Beach, 
Point Reyes Beach, and roiling head- 
lands may be seen from a car. There 
are parking areas adjacent to Drakes 
Beach and Point Reyes Beach. The 
Drakes Beach Visitor Center, 100 feet 
from the parking area, has ramps with 
handrails, and main doors 10 feet wide. 
Restroom doors are 36 inches wide, 
with stall doors 46 inches wide. A con- 
cession room and picnic area are also 
easily accessible. Bear Valley informa- 
tion station, 20 feet from the parking 
lot, has a ramp and a 34-inch-wide en- 
trance. Oxygen is available at Bear 
Valley headquarters and Drakes Beach. 
Nearest doctor and ambulance serv- 
ices are at Point Reyes Station, 3 miles 
from headquarters; nearest hospitals 
are at San Rafael and Petaluma, both 
20 miles away. 



Redwood National Park 



Drawer N, Crescent City, CA 95531. 

Coast redwood forests containing 
virgin groves of ancient trees, includ- 
ing the world's tallest; 40 miles of 
scenic Pacific coastline within park 
boundary. 

U.S. 101 and 199 run the length of 
the park and have scenic drives, pull- 
offs, and vista points. Information sta- 
tions at Orick (restroom facilities with 
3-foot doors) and at Crescent City are 
at ground level with a curb. Summer 
campfire programs are presented in 
adjacent State parks. Wheelchair visi- 
tors will need assistance over the curb 
and three steps at Prairie Creek Red- 
woods State Park Museum. Elk some- 
times are visible to motorists on U.S. 
101. Depending on weather, there is 
a passable road to Gold Bluffs Beach. 
In Jedediah Smith Redwoods State 
Park there are excellent views of the 
redwoods from park roads. In Stout 
Grove there is one short trail that can 
be traversed by wheelchairs. All oth- 
ers are inaccessible. Prairie Creek 
Redwoods State Park has a nature trail 
for the blind and provides a Braille 
text to assist in maximum enjoyment 
of the forest. Hospital and ambulance 
services are available in Crescent City, 
which is near the northern boundary 
of the park, and in Eureka, 85 miles 
south of Crescent City. 




Point Reyes 



Sequoia and Kings Canyon 
National Parks 

Three Rivers, CA 93271. 

Great groves of giant sequoias, mag- 
nificent High Sierra scenery, including 
IVIount Whitney (14,495 feet); mountain 
wilderness dominated by the two enor- 
mous canyons of the Kings River. 

Ash Mountain headquarters building 
and Lodgepole and Grant Grove Visi- 
tor Centers are accessible by wheel- 
chair. All have exhibits or audiovisual 
programs. Evening campfire programs 
at the Grant Grove, Lodgepole, and 
Cedar Grove amphitheaters can be en- 
joyed by the handicapped, and the 
Sherman Tree and Grant Tree trails 
can be negotiated with assistance. 
Most campgrounds and other overnight 
facilities can be reached by wheel- 
chair. The Grant Grove Coffee Shop 
is accessible, but the Giant Forest cafe- 
teria requires assistance to negotiate 
the one step from the walk level. 

Elevation on park roads: 1,700 to 
7,000 feet. Visitors with a heart condi- 
tion should be careful in this high 
country. Sightseeing by car is excel- 
lent. The steep Moro Rock and Crystal 
Cave trails are impracticable for heart 
patients. 

Nursing service is available in sum- 
mer at Giant Forest. First aid, oxygen, 
and emergency ambulance service are 
available at Ash Mountain, Lodgepole, 
Grant Grove, and Cedar Grove. Doctors 
and hospitals are IV2 hours' driving 
time away at Exeter and Reedley. 



Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity 
National Recreation Area 

P.O. Box 188, Whiskeytown, CA 96095. 

A scenic mountain region excellent 
for fishing, boating, and sightseeing at 
Whiskeytown Lake, formed by a dam 
across Clear Creek. 



Public buildings, beaches, picnic 
sites, boat docks, campsites, over- 
looks, snack bars, and restrooms are 
accessible by wheelchair. There are 
visitor facilities at park headquarters, 
the information center. Oak Bottom, 
Brandy Creek, Whiskey Creek, and 
Carr Memorial picnic area. At Oak Bot- 
tom, wheelchair assistance will be 
needed at the campsites and at amphi- 
theater programs. The Davis Gulch Na- 
ture Trail at Brandy Creek is accessible 
by wheelchair, but some help is needed 
on steeper grades. Wheelchair visitors 
need help over parking area curbs. 



Yosemite National Park 

P.O. Box 577, Yosemite National Park, 
CA 95389. 

Mountainous region of unusual beau- 
ty seen from Tioga Road; Yosemite 
Valley and other inspiring gorges; the 
Nation's highest waterfall; the world's 
three largest monoliths of exposed 
granite; three groves of giant sequoias. 
A "Living History" area. 

The following buildings are accessi- 
ble by wheelchair: Yosemite Valley Vis- 
itor Center; Happy Isles Trail Center 
(no ramp at front entrance; must be 
entered at rear); Pioneer Yosemite His- 
tory and Transportation Centers; park 
headquarters; Degnan's; Village Store; 
Best's Studio; Yosemite Lodge; Curry 
Village; Ahwahnee Hotel, which has an 
elevator; and Lewis Memorial Hospital 
(rear entrance only). Wheelchairs may 
be used at overlooks, including Glacier 
Point. Wheelchair users can attend au- 
diovisual programs at the visitor cen- 
ter, Happy Isles Trail Center, and Pio- 
neer Yosemite History and Transporta- 
tion Centers. Wheelchairs present a 
problem on the shuttlebus system; con- 
sult park officials. 

Interpretive talks are offered at the 
visitor center native plant garden. 
Campfire programs are held in sum- 
mer at Camp 7, Camp 14, Curry Vil- 
lage, and Yosemite Lodge. 



21 



Colorado 



22 Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado National Monument 



c/o Rocky Mountain Group, National 
Park Service, Estes Park, CO 80517. 

The principal outpost of civilization 
on the southern plains, a rendezvous 
for Indians, and one of the most sig- 
nificant fur-trading posts of the West. 
A "Living History" area. 

The fort ruins and interpretive exhib- 
its are on level ground easily accessi- 
ble by wheelchair, as are an introduc- 
tory audio message, a self-guiding tour, 
and nearby picnic facilities. Restroom 
doors are 24 inches wide. Complete 
hospital facilities and ambulance ser- 
vice are located within 7 miles of the 
site at either La Junta or Pueblo. 



Black Canyon of the Gunnison 
National Monument 

c/o Curecanti National Recreation 
Area, 334 South 10th St., Montrose, CO 
81401. 

Sheer-walled canyon's shadowed 
depths accentuating the darkness of 
ancient rocks of obscure origin. 

Snack bar, souvenir stand, picnic 
areas, campgrounds, and restrooms 
are accessible by wheelchair. The sig- 
nificant natural features can be en- 
joyed by car from roadways and over- 
looks, several of which have interpre- 
tive devices. Interpretive talks are of- 
fered at the amphitheater. The con- 
ducted trips are too strenuous for 
wheelchair visitors because the trails 
are rocky and unpaved. Elevation on 
main roads: 7,500 to 8,500 feet. (The 
monument is 11 miles northeast of 
Montrose.) 



c/o Curecanti National Recreation 
Area, 334 South 10th Street, Montrose, 
CO 81401. 

S h e e r-w alledcanyons, towering 
monoliths, and strange formations 
hewed by erosion in sandstone. 

All entrances to the visitor center are 
accessible by wheelchair. The porch 
offers a view over the canyon. Picnic 
areas, campgrounds with restrooms, 
most overlooks, and some nature trails 
are also accessible by wheelchair. 
Most scenic vantage points along the 
23-mile Rim Rock Drive can be viewed 
from your car. Audiovisual programs 
and interpretive talks are offered at the 
visitor center, and campfire programs 
are held at the amphitheater. Elevation 
on main roads: 5,000 to 6,600 feet. (The 
monument is 6 miles from Fruita.) 



Curecanti National Recreation Area 

334 South 10th St., Montrose, CO 
81401. 

Includes Blue Mesa Lake, Morrow 
Point Lake, and Crystal Reservoir, 
components of the Curecanti Unit of 
the Colorado River Storage Project. 

A wide ramp provides wheelchair ac- 
cess to the visitor center. All doors of 
this building are wide enough for a 
standard wheelchair. The restrooms 
have handrails. The fish ponds are also 
accessible. Elevation: 7,500 feet. 




Black Canyon of the Gunnison 



Dinosaur National Monument 
P.O. Box 101, Dinosaur, CO 81610. 

Spectacular canyons cut by the 
Green and Yampa Rivers through up- 
folded mountains, and quarry contain- 
ing fossil remains of dinosaurs and 
other ancient animals. In Colorado and 
Utah. 

The visitor information lobby in the 
administration building is accessible 
by wheelchair once the parking area 
curb has been negotiated. Audiovisual 
programs are given here. 

Lobby and exhibits on the ground 
floor of Dinosaur Quarry Visitor Center 
are accessible by wheelchair, but as- 
sistance is needed to second-floor rest- 
rooms, because the ramp gradient is 
I2V2 percent. Interpretive talks are of- 
fered at the center. There is a good 
view of the fossil cliff from the second 
floor. Most scenic features can be 
viewed by car, but trails are rugged 
and too narrow for wheelchairs. 

Elevation: Visitor center, 4,800 feet; 
Canyon Country rim, 7,500 to 7,800 
feet; lower roads, 5,500 to 6,000 feet. 



Great Sand Dunes National Monument 
P.O. Box 60, Alamosa, CO 81101. 

Among the largest and highest dunes 
in the United States, deposited over 
thousands of years by southwesterly 
winds blowing through the passes of 
the lofty Sangre de Cristo Mountains. 

An 80-foot concrete walk joins the 
parking area (5-inch curb) and visitor 
center. Double doors permit access to 
the patio behind the center for a view 
of the dunes. A level concrete walk 
joins a 280-foot self-guiding nature 
trail ending in a view point command- 
ing an overall picture of the dunes. 
Summer evening campfire talks are 
conducted in the amphitheater, acces- 
sible by a slightly inclined asphalt trail. 

Elevation of all facilities: 8,000 feet. 
A small emergency oxygen supply is 
available at the visitor center. Nearest 
medical services are 37 miles away. 



Hovenweep National Monument 

c/o Mesa Verde National Park, 

Mesa Verde National Park, CO 81330. 

Six groups of towers, pueblos, and 
cliff dwellings built by pre-Columbian 
Indians. In Colorado and Utah. 

There are no facilities or significant 
features accessible to the handi- 
capped. (The headquarters of the mon- 
ument is 25 miles southwest of Pleas- 
ant View, Colo.) 



Mesa Verde National Park 

Mesa Verde National Park, CO 81330. 

Most notable and best preserved 
pre-Columbian cliff dwellings and other 
works of early man in the United 
States. A "Living History" area. 

With minor assistance, wheelchair 
visitors may enjoy the archeological 
museum and the Navajo Hill Visitor 
Center exhibits. Restrooms in the Mor- 
fleld campground and visitor center 
are easily accessible. The Morfleld 
campfire circle is reached by a level 
trail. Concession buildings have one or 
more steps. Spruce Tree House Ruin 
can be reached, with assistance, by 
wheelchair though the trail is moder- 
ately steep. All major scenic overlooks, 
significant natural features, and cliff 
dwellings may be seen by car. The 
mesa-top ruins and their interpretive 
exhibits are accessible. 

Elevation varies on main roads: 6,800 
to 8,600 feet. Average elevation of main 
features: 7,000 feet. Trails to cliff dwell- 
ings and Park Point lookout are con- 
sidered too strenuous for heart patients 
or persons with a respiratory problem. 



Rocky Mountain National Park 
and Shadow Mountain 
National Recreation Area 

Estes Park, CO 80517. 

Park rich in scenery; Trail Ridge 
Road sightseeing on the Continental 
Divide; 107 named peaks over 11,000 
feet; wildlife; wildflowers; and 410 
square miles of the Rockies' Front 



23 



Colorado continued 



District of Columbia 



24 Range. The recreation area adjoins the 
southwest corner of the park and in- 
cludes two large reservoirs: Shadow 
Mountain and Lake Granby. 

Accessible by wheelchair are: Alpine 
Visitor Center and lunchroom-store at 
Fall River Pass (11,796-foot elevation); 
lower floor of Moraine Park Visitor 
Center; main entrance floor of the 
headquarters building which has relief 
models and frequent orientation films; 
lower floor of Hidden Valley Lodge; 
Bear Lake information station; Granby 
Pumping Plant (tours using elevators); 
and the relief model in the West Side 
public information building. Bear Lake 
and Tundra self-guiding nature trails 
are accessible by wheelchair, but help 
is needed for six steps on Tundra Trail 
(12,300 feet elevation). Several inter- 
pretive roadside signs can be read 
from a parked car or adjacent sidewalk 
on Trail Ridge Road. 

An undulating paved walk of 200 
yards (1 1 , 700-foot elevation) leads from 
the parking area to Forest Canyon 
overlook. The old Fall River Road is 
now a motor nature trail and a self- 
guiding leaflet is available. Travel is 
westbound only and uphill. 

Illustrated programs are given by 
ranger naturalists at outdoor amphi- 
theaters nightly in summer. Paved 
trails with easy grades lead to Glacier 
Basin, Moraine Park, Aspenglen, and 
Stillwater amphitheaters. A steep, 
paved trail leads to Timber Creek am- 
phitheater. Similar programs are pro- 
vided at the headquarters auditorium. 
Handicapped persons should use the 
rear door which, despite 4 low steps, 
is the easiest means of entry. Glacier 
Creek picnic area is accessible and a 
smooth path leads to nearby Sprague 
Lake. 

Elevations along park roads: 7,600 to 
12,183 feet. Services of physicians are 
available at Estes Park and at Kremm- 
ling, about 50 miles southwest of Grand 
Lake. 



Chesapeake & Ohio Canal 

National Historical Park 

For the section Georgetown to Seneca: 
c/o George Washington Memorial 
Parkway, 1400 Wilson Blvd., Suite 102, 
Arlington, VA 22209. 
For the section Seneca to Cumberland: 
c/o Antietam-C & O Canal Group, 
National Park Service, P.O. Box 158, 
Sharpsburg, MD 21782. 

One of the least altered of the old 
American canals, 184 miles from 
Georgetown, D.C., to Cumberland, Md., 
including Great Falls, Md. A "Living 
History" area. In Maryland, District of 
Columbia, and West Virginia. 

The fishing platform above Lock 70 
at Oldtown is specifically for the handi- 
capped. Most approaches to the canal 
are accessible, and most footbridges 
across the canal are wide enough for 
wheelchairs. Once on the towpath, 
wheelchair visitors will be able to ma- 
neuver in most sections in good weath- 
er. Between Dams 3 and 4, 23 miles 
of towpath are surfaced with crushed 
stone. The towpath is level between 
locks, then rises 8 feet to the next level. 
At several places accessible by car, 
the footing is fairly firm and level. 
Three drive-in camps for tent and trail- 
er sites are available to the handi- 
capped. 

Great Falls Tavern, built in 1830 as 
a rest stop for visitors using the canal, 
is now a museum and has a small au- 
diovisual program. The museum and 
towpath are accessible to wheelchair 
occupants using care. The path to the 
Great Falls of the Potomac is passable 
for a wheelchair, but would be very 
strenuous without assistance. The blind 
may touch the rocky overlooks and 
hear the roar of the falls. In season, 
4V2-mile barge trips on the canal may 
be enjoyed. 



Ford's Theatre National Historic Site, 
including tfie House Where 
Lincoln Died 

c/o National Capital Parks-Central, 
1100 Ohio Dr. SW., Washington, DC 
20242. 

Scenes of President Lincoln's as- 
sassination and death, April 14-15, 
1865; museum with Oldroyd Collection 
of Lincolniana. A "Living History" area. 

Live performances and interpretive 
programs are given in Ford's Theatre, 
where Lincoln was assassinated. Per- 
sons in wheelchairs will need much 
assistance. Interpretive talks are also 
given in the House Where Lincoln Died, 
but it is inaccessible to wheelchairs. 
(The house is at 516 10th St. NW.; the 
theatre at 511 10th St. NW.) 



Frederic!^ Douglass Home 

c/o National Capital Parks-East, 
5210 Indian Head Hwy., Oxon Hill, 
MD 20021. 

From 1877 to 1895, the home of the 
leading 19th-century Negro spokes- 
man. 

Visitors in wheelchairs will find every 
convenience provided for them in this 
home. Speeches and some of the writ- 
ings of Frederick Douglass will be pro- 
duced in Braille so that blind visitors 
may capture the spirit of this man. (The 
home is located at 14th and W Sts. SE., 
Washington, D.C.) 




Lincoln Memorial 



Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens 

c/o National Capital Parks-East, 
5210 Indian Head Hwy., Oxon Hill, MD 
20021 . 

Tidal ponds used to raise and dis- 
play aquatic plants, mostly tropical 
and hardy varieties of water lilies; also 
lotus and other water plants. 

Graveled paths, which can be tra- 
versed by wheelchair, lead through this 
unusual garden. (The gardens are off 
Anacostia Avenue in northeast Wash- 
ington.) 



Lincoln Memorial 

c/o National Capital Parks-Central, 
1100 Ohio Dr. SW., Washington, DC 
20242. 

Classical structure containing a 19- 
foot-high marble statue, by Daniel 
Chester French, of the Great Emanci- 
pator; architect, Henry Bacon. 

From the level sidewalk, wheelchair 
visitors can get a good view of the 
exterior and over the reflecting pool 
to the Washington Monument. Fifty- 
eight steps leading to the memorial 
present a difficult climb for the elderly 
and those with a heart condition and 
make the memorial inaccessible to 
wheelchair users. (The memorial is at 
the east end of Memorial Bridge.) 



Old Stone House 

c/o National Capital Parks-North, 
Box 8758, Washington, DC 20011. 

A fine example of pre-Revolutionary 
architecture, one of the oldest struc- 
tures in the National Capital. A "Living 
History" area. 

The gardens and ground floor are 
accessible by wheelchair. Interpretive 
talks, tours, and craft demonstrations 
are conducted, including spinning, 
weaving, and making candles, wafers, 
and pomander balls. Hostesses wear 
18-century costumes. On Saturday 
and Sunday afternoons, a special pro- 
gram called "A Day in the Life of an 
18th-century Family" is presented. (The 
house is located at 3051 M Street NW.) 



25 



26 Peirce Mill 



c/o National Capital Parks-North, 
Box 8758, Washington, DC 20011. 

A 19th-century gristmill in Rock 
Creek Park. 

On request, park personnel give as- 
sistance to the handicapped. The grist- 
mill is accessible to wheelchair visitors 
but they will need help over the park- 
ing area curb and up four broad en- 
trance steps. Inside the mill, one can 
watch the grinding of corn, hear the 
rumbling of the wooden machinery, sit 
next to a pot-bellied stove, converse 
with the miller, and purchase cornmeal 
ground by waterpower. 

Blind persons can hear the sound of 
the machinery as it grinds corn into 
meal, touch the millstone and shelled 
corn, and feel, smell, and taste the 
cornmeal. On Saturday and Sunday 
afternoons a special program called 
"A Day In the Life of a Miller's Son" 
is presented. (The mill is located at 
Park Road and Tilden Street NW.) 



Rock Creek Nature Center 

c/o National Capital Parks-North, 
Box 8758, Washington, DC 20011. 

Designed to provide an understand- 
ing and appreciation of the natural 
world. A unit of Rock Creek Park. 

Short guided walks, outside and in- 
side animal demonstrations, and infor- 
mal interpretive talks presented by res- 
ervation are available and accessible 
to wheelchair users. The parking area 
is cut for wheelchair use. Assistance is 
needed up the five entrance steps to 
the planetarium. Park personnel will 
lend assistance on request. Self-guid- 
ing folders and trailside markers make 
the nature trails easy to use. (The cen- 
ter is located at Military and Glover 
Roads NW.) 



Theodore Roosevelt Island 

c/o George Washington Memorial 
Parkway, 1400 Wilson Blvd., Suite 102, 
Arlington, VA 22209. 

Wooded island in the Potomac River, 
a living tribute to the conservationist 
President. Memorial by Eric Tugler 
contains a 17-foot statue of Roose- 
velt sculptured by Paul Manship and 
four 21-foot-high tablets inscribed with 
his tenets on nature, manhood, youth, 
and the state. 

Handicapped persons can spend 
several pleasurable hours here. A short 
asphalt causeway connects the island 
and Virginia. Foot trails are level, but 
several surfaced with wood chips could 
be difficult for wheelchair users. The 
blind can enjoy the diverse bird calls 
in spring, plant fragrance, and descrip- 
tions by friends. 



Tfiomas Jefferson Memorial 

c/o National Capital Parks-Central, 
1100 Ohio Dr. SW., Washington, DC 
20242. 

Rotunda in classic style introduced 
in this country by Jefferson, author of 
the Declaration of Independence and 
President of the United States, 1801-9. 
Interior wall panels of Jefferson's writ- 
ings, and a 19-foot statue of Jefferson, 
sculptured by Rudulph Evans. Archi- 
tect, John Russell Pope and associates. 

A level sidewalk permits a view of 
the exterior with little exertion. Forty- 
four steps make it extremely difficult 
for wheelchair users without help. 
Guards will lend assistance, on re- 
quest. (The memorial is beside the 
Tidal Basin.) 



I 



Florida 



Washington Monument 



c/o National Capital Parks-Central, 
1100 Ohio Dr. SW., Washington, DC 
20242. 

A 555-foot-high obelisk designed to 
honor the first President, a dominating 
feature of the Nation's Capital. Archi- 
tect-designer, Robert Mills. 

Access walkway from 15th Street 
is too steep for the unaccompanied 
wheelchair visitor, and he may need 
help over the curb and single step at 
the monument. Recorded talks are of- 
fered in the waiting room and on the 
elevator. Windows at the top are too 
high for use by wheelchair visitors. 



White House 

c/o National Capital Parks-Central, 
1100 Ohio Dr. SW., Washington, DC 
20242. 

Residence and office of the Presi- 
dent of the United States on a site se- 
lected by George Washington and in- 
cluded in the L'Enfant Plan. 

The handicapped are assured a com- 
fortable tour, but prior arrangements 
must be made, citing the handicapped 
person's requirements. A ramp en- 
trance, elevator service, wheelchairs, 
and standby assistance are available. 




Castillo de San Marcos 
National Monument 



1 Castillo Dr., St. Augustine, FL 32084. 

Oldest masonry fort in continental 
United States; construction started in 
1672 by the Spanish to protect St. Au- 
gustine, first permanent European set- 
tlement in continental United States, 
1565. A "Living History" area. 

The entire ground floor of the Cas- 
tillo is accessible by wheelchair. The 
entrance walk from the parking area 
to the courtyard inside the fort is on 
a gradual slope. Some museum exhibit 
rooms on the courtyard have 2-inch 
sills. The conducted tours and several 
interpretive markers and audio stations 
are accessible but the 45-step gundeck 
Is not. 



De Soto National Memorial 

P.O. Box 1377, Bradenton, FL 33506. 

Commemorates the landing of Her- 
nando de Soto in Florida in 1539 and 
the first extensive organized explora- 
tion of what is now the interior of south- 
eastern United States. 

The parking area curb has a wheel- 
chair ramp. The short walk to the visi- 
tor center is paved and has no steps. 
The visitor center, auditorium, and 
restrooms are accessible by wheel- 
chair. The visitor center has exhibits 
and offers a movie on De Soto. A Vi- 
mile interpretive trail is not appropriate 
for wheelchair use. 



27 



Florida continued 



28 Everglades National Park 



P.O. Box 279, Homestead, FL 33030. 

Largest subtropical wilderness in 
conterminous United States; extensive 
fresh- and salt-water areas, open ever- 
glades prairies, mangrove forests; 
abundant wildlife including rare and 
colorful birds. 

The Flamingo marina, coffee bar, 
store, lounge, auditorium, and the low- 
er level of the Shark Valley observa- 
tion tower are accessible by wheel- 
chair. The Flamingo Visitor Center has 
a 10-percent grade ramp to the second 
floor. Wheelchair visitors may enjoy 
Long Pine Key, Flamingo campgrounds 
and picnic areas, Paurotis Pond picnic 
areas, and the following trails: Anhinga 
and Gumbo Limbo at Royal Palm; Pine- 
lands; Mahogany Hammock; and West 
Lake. All trails are loops less than one- 
quarter mile long and are either board- 
walk or hard surfaced. Audiovisual pro- 
grams at Flamingo auditorium, daytime 
interpretive talks at Flamingo (year 
round), conducted trips at Royal Palm 
(summer) and Flamingo (year round), 
and evening programs at Long Pine 
Key (winter) and Flamingo (year round) 
are offered. The hot, humid weather 
of summer may be injurious to persons 
with a heart ailment. 



Fort Caroline National Memorial 

12713 Fort Caroline Rd., Jacksonville, 
FL 32225. 

Overlooks the site of the French 
Huguenot colony of 1564-65, second 
French attempt at settlement within the 
present United States. 

The visitor center is inaccessible by 
wheelchair because of steps from the 
parking area sidewalk. The replica of 
the fort is one-quarter mile from the 
visitor center. The crushed-shell path 
descends 23 feet and is not advisable 
for wheelchair use. Walking it on hot 
days might be hazardous for visitors 
with a heart condition. The Ribault Col- 
umn overlook is inaccessible by wheel- 
chair because of eight steps from the 
parking area sidewalk to the level 
where the column is located. 



Fort Jefferson National Monument 

c/o Everglades National Park, P.O. Box 
279, Homestead, FL 33030. 

Largest all-masonry fortification in 
the Western World; built in 1846 for 
control of the Florida Straits; Federal 
military prison during and after the 
Civil War. Bird refuge; marine life. 

Assistance is needed for handi- 
capped visitors getting off or on a ves- 
sel or seaplane. The dock area is ac- 
cessible to wheelchair visitors. A utility 
walk permits a visit inside the fort. (The 
fort is 70 miles west of Key West, in 
the Gulf of Mexico.) 



Fort Matanzas National Monument ' 

c/o Castillo de San Marcos National 
Monument, 1 Castillo Dr., St. Augustine, I 
FL 32084. i 

Spanish fort built between 1740 and 
1742 to protect St. Augustine from the 
British. \ 

The walk between the parking area 
sidewalk and the pier behind the visi- 
tor center is accessible by wheelchair. 
The museum exhibits are inaccessible 
due to a difficult entrance into a small ; 
room. On the pier, a good view, an au- i 
dio station, and an interpretive marker 
may be enjoyed by those in wheel- I 
chairs. The fort, across the water from ' 
the pier, is inaccessible to wheelchair 
users. (Fort Matanzas is 14 miles south I 
of St. Augustine on Anastasia Island.) 




Fort Jefferson 



Georgia 



Chickamauga and Chattanooga 
National Military Park 

P.O. Box 2126, Fort Oglethorpe, GA 
30741 . 

Civil War battlefields of Chickamau- 
ga, Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, 
and Missionary Ridge. A "Living His- 
tory" area. In Georgia and Tennessee. 

Most of Chickamauga Battlefield can 
be visited by automobile or self-guid- 
ing tour. Two low steps from street 
level to the visitor center porch and 
one additional step from there to the 
entrance requires assistance for per- 
sons in wheelchairs. The exhibit rooms 
and restrooms are on the ground floor, 
but the audiovisual program on the sec- 
ond floor is inaccessible by wheelchair. 

Point Park on Lookout Mountain, 
overlooking the site of "The Battle 
Above the Clouds," is accessible by 
wheelchair, but there is a drop of 20 
feet in a distance of 150 yards on the 
blacktop walkway to the Chattanooga 
overlook. It is not advisable for wheel- 
chair visitors nor heart patients to take 
the trail to the Ochs Museum. 



Fort Frederica National Monument 

P.O. Box 816, St. Simons Island, GA 
31522. 

Built (1736-48) by Gen. James E. 
Oglethorpe during the Anglo-Spanish 
struggle for the control of what is now 
the southeastern United States. A "Liv- 
ing History" area. 

Persons in wheelchairs will require 
special assistance at the visitor center 
because of five steps. The trail through 
old Frederica to the fort ruins is fairly 
easily traveled. The unsurfaced trail has 
markers and exhibit cases, and passes 
the ruins of early settlers' houses. 



Fort Pulaski National Monument 

P.O. Box 98, Savannah Beach, GA 
31328. 

Early 19th-century fort whose bom- 
bardment by Federal rifled cannon in 
1862 first demonstrated the ineffective- 
ness of old-style masonry fortifications. 
A "Living History" area. 



The fort is accessible by wheelchair 
but the ramp through the sallyport is 
too steep for a wheelchair visitor with- 
out assistance. A stairway might be dif- 
ficult for heart patients . All trails are 
surfaced. Five steps make the visitor 
center difficult to enter without assis- 
tance. Interpretive talks are given. 



Kennesaw Mountain 
National Battlefield Park 

P.O. Box 1 1 67, Marietta, GA 30060. 

Historic mountain near where Con- 
federates repulsed Gen. William T. 
Sherman's great army at Kolb Farm, 
June 22, 1864, and where Union forces 
attacked at Cheatham Hill, June 27, 
1864, and were repulsed by entrenched 
Confederates during the Atlanta Cam- 
paign. A "Living History" area. 

Earthworks, forts, and trenches are 
easily reached by the handicapped but 
the hiking trail on Big and Little Ken- 
nesaw Mountains is not. Other hiking 
trails range from difficult to easy. The 
Mountain Road has scenic overlooks. A 
wheelchair entrance provides access 
to the single-level visitor center, which 
offers an audiovisual program and has 
exhibits and restrooms. Wheelchair vis- 
itors will need help at the restrooms. 
The picnic areas are level with the 
pavement. 

Interpretive devices, such as audio 
stations throughout the park, are espe- 
cially helpful to the blind. 



Ocmulgee National Monument 
P.O. Box 4186, Macon, GA 31208. 

Traces 10,000 years of Indian use, 
including a major mound village. 

The visitor center doors and rest- 
rooms and the earthlodge are accessi- 
ble by wheelchair. There is a ramp to 
the visitor center terrace. All major fea- 
tures are visible by car except the 
earthlodge, which can be reached by a 
200-yard paved trail from the visitor 
center. All other trails are inadvisable 
for visitors with heart trouble or in 
wheelchairs. Great Temple Mound 
climb also is too strenuous. 



29 



Hawaii 



30 City of Refuge National Historical Park 

c/o Hawaii Group, National Park 
Service, Pacific Internationa! BIdg., 
677 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 512, 
Honolulu, HI 96813. 

This sacred ground of royal fish- 
ponds, coconut groves, and scenic 
shoreline, until 1819, harbored van- 
quished Hawaiian warriors, noncom- 
batants, and taboo breakers. A "Living 
History" area. 

The visitor center is on one level and 
easily approached from the parking 
area. The information-sales desk and 
a 100-foot story-wall are on a flat, easily 
traveled handrailed ramp leading to 
an amphitheater with an ocean pano- 
rama. Orientation talks are given daily 
in the amphitheater. Benches are abun- 
dant. Wide doors lead off the ramp to 
restrooms. One restroom booth has a 
wide door and assist bars for wheel- 
chair use. Adjacent to the restrooms 
are two drinking fountains, one 30 
inches high. 

Other walking surfaces are impass- 
able by wheelchair. Ambulatory per- 
sons may, with little exertion, enter the 
palace grounds and refuge area along 
the shoreline to see the great wall and 
the restored temple, Hale-o-Keawe. 

Oxygen and a resuscitator are on 
hand. The Kona hospital, with ambu- 
lance service, is 10 miles away. (The 
park is near Honaunau, Kona.) 



Haleakala National Park 

c/o Hawaii Group, National Park 
Service, Pacific International BIdg., 
677 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 512, 
Honolulu, HI 96813. 

Dormant Haleakala volcano, one of 
the largest and most colorful craters 
known; site of the rare silversword; 
Kipahulu Valley; Seven Pools; inter- 
esting birdlife. 



Wheelchair visitors have access to 
Haleakala and Puu Ulaula observato- 
ries by a small ramp. Restroom doors 
at visitor center and observatory are 
30 inches wide. Wheelchair visitors 
may enjoy the picnic shelter and way- 
side exhibit at Hosmer Grove. Inter- 
pretive talks are offered at Haleakala 
Observatory. 

Visits to other park features are not 
considered advisable for people with 
a serious heart condition. Elevation: 
6,800 feet to 10,023 feet. Average ele- 
vation of main features: above 8,000 
feet. (The park is near Kahului, Maui.) 



Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 

c/o Hawaii Group, National Park 
Service, Pacific International BIdg., 
677 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 512, : 

Honolulu, HI 96813. I 

Contains two of the world's most 
active volcanoes, Mauna Loa and Ki- 
lauea; rare plants and animals. 

Kilauea and Wahaula visitor centers 
are accessible by wheelchair. Both 
contain exhibit rooms. Interpretive pro- 
grams are presented daily at Kilauea 
Visitor Center. Most overlooks and ex- 
hibits on Crater Rim Road and Kala- 
pana Chain of Craters Road are acces- 
sible; many features can be seen from 
the car. A self-guiding trail from Vol- 
cano House to Kilauea Visitor Center 
is easily negotiated by wheelchair. 
Other self-guiding trails, such as Thurs- 
ton Lava Tube and Bird Park, have 
steps and grades unsuitable for people 
with a heart condition or wheelchair 
users. Persons with heart and respira- 
tory disorders also should avoid inhal- 
ing volcanic fumes. 

Road elevation: sea level to 6,600 
feet. Average elevation of main fea- 
tures at Kilauea Caldera: below 4,000 
feet. (The park is 30 miles west of Hilo.) 



Idaho 



Indiana 



Craters of the Moon 
National Monument 



George Rogers Clark 
National Historical Park 



31 



P.O. Box 29, Arco, ID 83213. 

Fissure eruptions, volcanic cones, 
craters, lava flows, caves, and other 
volcanic phenomena. 

The visitor center and restrooms are 
accessible by wheelchair with help 
over a low parking area curb. Scenic 
overlooks and natural features can be 
enjoyed by car. Visits to Big Craters, 
Tree Molds, Great Owl Cavern, and 
North Crater trail are not feasible for 
persons with a serious heart condition. 
Average elevation of main features: 
5,900 feet. 



Nez Perce National Historical Park 
P.O. Box 93, Spalding, ID 83551. 

Twenty-two sites forming a network 
of historic points which relate to the 
history and culture of the Nez Perce 
Indians and frontier settlements. A 
"Living History" area. 

No special facilities for the handi- 
capped but individual sites may be 
reached by car. 



Yellowstone National Park 
See Wyoming. 




1 1 5 Dubois St., Vincennes, IN 47591 . 

Domed memorial near the site of old 
Fort Sackville, seized from the British 
by George Rogers Clark on February 
25, 1779. A "Living History" area. 

The extensive grounds, including the 
statue of Francis Vigo, are accessible 
to wheelchairs, but 33 steps make the 
memorial edifice inaccessible. 



Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial 
Lincoln City, IN 47552. 

The southern Indiana farm on which 
President Abraham Lincoln grew from 
youth into manhood. A "Living Farm" 
area. 

The memorial building visitor center 
is the only feature accessible by auto- 
mobile. Persons in wheelchairs will 
need assistance over the parking area 
curb and three steps up to the inner 
court and five steps from there to the 
visitor center. The auditorium, mu- 
seum, and restrooms are accessible. 
The three steps down into each of the 
Memorial Halls have handrails. The 
trail to the principal features has hand- 
rails and benches where it is steep. 
Wheelchair visitors can reach the grave 
of Nancy Hanks Lincoln, located on a 
steep hill about 100 yards north of the 
visitor center, by way of a path in front 
of the memorial. The path joins an un- 
marked alternate trail. The Lincoln 
homesite and the Lincoln Living His- 
torical Farm is one-half mile north of 
the visitor center. The nearest parking 
lot is about 100 yards from the farm. 
All trails have benches conveniently 
located for persons on crutches and 
with a heart ailment. The nearest doc- 
tor and hospital services are 15 miles 
away in Huntingburg. 



Craters of the Moon 



Iowa 



Kansas 



32 Effigy Mounds National Monument 
P.O. Box K, McGregor, lA 52157. 

Outstanding examples of Indian 
mounds in shapes of birds and other 
creatures. 

The visitor center is accessible to 
wheelchairs. Audiovisual programs are 
presented in the auditorium. Fire Point 
Trail, 2 miles long, is impracticable for 
persons with a serious heart ailment. 



Herbert Hoover National Historic Site 
P.O. Box 607, West Branch, lA 52358. 

Birthplace, boyhood home, grave- 
site, and memorial buildings associated 
with President Hoover's life maintained 
in a recreated 1880 Iowa setting. 

Wheelchair visitors can view the re- 
created historic scene and enjoy audio 
stations and interpretive talks. Handi- 
capped persons on crutches and in 
wheelchairs may, with assistance up 
one or two steps, visit the historic 
birthplace cottage, the Presidential Li- 
brary, and the Quaker Meetinghouse, 
and observe the furnishings and col- 
lections. The visitor contact station in 
the Federal Office Building has no en- 
trance steps. The entire area, with pic- 
nic facilities, is accessible by wheel- 
chair, with only an occasional curb. 



Fort Larned National Historic Site i 

Route 3, Larned, KS 67550. ! 

One of the most active military out-j 
posts in the 1860's, first charged withi 
protecting the mail and travelers on 
the eastern segment of the Santa Fe 
Trail. Used as a military base in cam- 
paigns against the Plains Indians in I 
1867 and 1868; also an Indian agency. | 

Two of the nine original stone build-; 
ings around a quadrangular parade j 
ground, which contain museum arti- 
facts, are accessible by wheelchair. 
Other buildings have exhibits but do 
not have level entrances or ramps. 
Wheelchair visitors can tour the fort. 
Special conducted tours and interpre- 
tive talks are available for the blind, 
who can touch historical objects and 
gain understanding of life at the fort. 




Fort Larned 



Kentucky 



Abraham Lincoln Birthplace 
National Historic Site 

R.F.D. 1, Hodgenville, KY 42748. 

Traditional birthplace cabin of Abra- 
ham Lincoln enclosed in a memorial 
building on the birthplace site. 

Persons in wheelchairs can enjoy 
the ground-level visitor center but will 
need assistance to enter the memorial 
building, or to see the Sinking Spring, 
the Boundary Oak, and other land- 
marks. To avoid the memorial's 56 
steps, the handicapped can use the 
service road. The rule "Do Not Touch 
the Cabin" does not apply to the blind. 



Cumberland Gap 
National Historical Park 

P.O. Box 840, Middlesboro, KY 40965. 

Mountain pass of the Wilderness 
Road explored by Daniel Boone. Main 
artery of the trans-Allegheny migration 
for settlement of "the Old West." Im- 
portant military objective in the Revo- 
lutionary and Civil Wars. A "Living His- 
tory" area. In Kentucky, Virginia, and 
Tennessee. 

The Middlesboro, Wilderness, and 
Sugar Run overlooks, and the Iron 
Furnace are accessible to wheelchair 
visitors as are the Cumberland Gap, 
Pinnacle interpretive shelter and ex- 
hibits, and the Wilderness Road with 
its campground and picnic areas. Com- 
fort stations are accessible. The visi- 
tor center is accessible to wheelchairs 
but the museum and audiovisual room 
are not because of a flight of steps. 
The walks to Sand Cave, White Rocks, 
Hensley Settlement, and Tri-State 
Peak are too strenuous for visitors 
with a heart ailment. 



Mammoth Cave National Park 
Mammoth Cave, KY 42259. 

Series of underground passages; 
beautiful limestone, gypsum, and cave 
onyx formations, deep pits and high 
domes; river 360 feet below surface. A 
"Living History" area. 

The visitor center is easily accessi- 
ble, including the exhibit room, rest- 
rooms, dining rooms, souvenir shop, 
and lounge. It is advisable for the han- 
dicapped to reserve rooms on the 
ground floor of Mammoth Cave Hotel. 
Visitors may also stay in the hotel cot- 
tages or Sunset Point Lodge, but one 
or two steps must be negotiated. The 
service center contains a gift shop, 
post office, showers, snackbar, gro- 
cery, and laundromat. One must walk 
up five steps to reach them. The cave 
is inaccessible by wheelchair, for the 
slope has a 15-percent gradient. Park 
roads lead to pleasant vistas. Deer 
are abundant. Visitors may drive to the 
Green River at two ferry crossings. Au- 
diovisual programs, interpretive talks, 
conducted trips, campfire programs, 
and evening naturalist programs are 
offered. The Vn-mile Sunset Point Trail, 
which leads to a view of the Green 
River Valley, is on level ground but 
bumpy. A scenic boat trip is offered. 
On request, a written account of the 
Mammoth Dome cave trip will be given 
to deaf v'sitors. 

Cave trips and most of the trails with 
their many ascents and descents are 
too strenuous for visitors with a heart 
condition. 



33 



Louisiana 



Maine 



34 Chalmette National Historical Park 



Acadia National Park 



i 



P.O. Box 429, Arabi, LA 70032. 

Scene of major part of the Battle of 
New Orleans, a brilliant victory for 
American arms in the War of 1812. A 
"Living History" area. 

Trails leading to the memorial monu- 
ment, the restored mud rampart, and 
the Beauregard House are accessible 
by wheelchair. Audiovisual programs 
on the second floor of the visitor cen- 
ter are not accessible. A self-guiding, 
one-way tour road for automobiles has 
six tour stops and wayside exhibits. A 
special ramp has been constructed ad- 
jacent to steps leading to the top of 
the Mississippi River Levee from which 
an excellent view can be had of foreign 
merchant ships in the anchorage and 
quarantine area. 




Route 1 , Box 1 , Bar Harbor, ME 04609. 

Rugged coastal area on Mount Des-j 
ert Island, highest elevation on the! 
eastern seaboard; picturesque Schoo- 
dic Peninsula on the mainland; half: 
of Isle au Haut, exhibiting spectacularj 

cliffs. ! 

The trail at the Cadillac Mountain 
parking area offers a view of the At- 
lantic Ocean and islands. A servicej 
road from the parking area is con- 
nected to the visitor center by a 125-; 
foot ramp. Audiovisual programs arej 
held in the auditorium. Ramps lead 
from parking areas to Jordan Pond 
shore and to the beach proper at Echoi 
Lake-Beech Mountain. Most developed 
areas are well paved and level; but 
wheelchair visitors will need help over 
the one step into the comfort stations 
at Blackwoods and Seawall camp- 
grounds. 




;■>■ '--^afvv. 



Acadia 



} 




Chalmette 



Maryland 



Antietam National Battlefield Site 

c/o Antietam-C & O Canal Group, 
National Park Service, P.O. Box 158, 
Sharpsburg, MD 21782. 

Scene of battle which ended Gen. 
Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the 
North in 1862. A "Living History" area. 
I Handicapped persons may take a 
self-guiding auto tour over the battle- 
field. The route includes Burnside 
Bridge and Bloody Lane. There are 
audiovisual stations along the tour. 
Wheelchair visitors may use a short, 
self-guiding path from the visitor cen- 
ter to the Dunkard Church, passing 
the New York and Maryland Monu- 
ments. The lobby, restrooms, obser- 
vation room, and the audiovisual pro- 
grams In the visitor center are acces- 
sible to wheelchair users but they will 
need help down the eight steps to the 
exhibit room. 



Assateague Island National Seasiiore 
Route 2, Box 294, Berlin, MD 21 81 1 . 

A slender, 37-mile barrier island, 
comprising sandy beaches, dunes, pine 
woodlands, and marshes; noted for its 
recreational opportunities, migratory 
waterfowl, and wild ponies. In Mary- 
land and Virginia. 

The main visitor center, just off the 
island on Md. 611, is a one-story struc- 
ture easily accessible by wheelchair. 
The parking area is 50 yards from the 
building entrance. On the island, wheel- 
chairs can traverse the boardwalk 
from the parking area to the beach, 
with assistance. 

Four steps make the information sta- 
tion and concession facility at the Vir- 
ginia end inaccessible by wheelchair. 
With assistance, wheelchair visitors 
can use the boardwalk from the park- 
ing area to the beach. 

Interpretive talks and short w^lks 
are offered in summer. 



Catoctin Mountain Park 



35 



Thurmont,MD 21788, 

Campground, picnic areas, hiking 
trails, trout fishing, and organized 
group camping in an attractive moun- 
tain setting. A "Living History" area. 

A group camp of sleeping lodges, 
recreation buildings, dining halls, 
kitchens, and swimming pools is ac- 
cessible by wheelchair. The camp is 
used regularly in summer by the hand- 
icapped; the last 2 weeks are re- 
served for wheelchair campers only. 
Arrangements must be made in ad- 
vance through the Baltimore League 
for Crippled Children and Adults, 1111 
East Cold Spring Lane, Baltimore, MD 
21212. Exhibits and craft shops in each 
group camp are accessible to wheel- 
chair users. Interpretive talks, camp- 
fire programs, and short, conducted 
trips are available at Camp Greentop. 
Special activities are scheduled during 
summer encampment of the handi- 
capped at Camp Greentop. 

Trail climbs to Chimney and Wolf 
Rock overlooks, varying from 800 to 
1,400 feet, make them impracticable 
for persons with a heart condition. 






..,ppi^- 



Assateague Island 



Maryland continued 



36 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal 
National Historical Park 

See District of Columbia. 



Fort McHenry National Monument 
and Historic Shrine 

Baltimore, MD 21230. 

The successful defense of this fort 
in the War of 1812 on September 13-14, 
1814, inspired Francis Scott Key to 
write "The Star Spangled Banner." A 
"Living History" area. 

The visitor center has one 3-inch 
step, the only place in the center where 
persons in wheelchairs may need as- 
sistance. The inner Star Fort grounds 
are accessible, but help is needed to 
enter buildings, as all have at least 
one 6-inch step. The second floors are 
inaccessible. A 1-mile foot trail around 
Fort McHenry is easily negotiable by 
wheelchair. Audio stations in the Star 
Fort, which overlooks the Patapsco 
River, and the one at the seawall are 
accessible by wheelchair, with assist- 
ance. Wheelchair visitors will need as- 
sistance to reach the audio station at 
the Civil War outer battery which has 
two sets of stairs, one with six steps 
9 inches high and the other with seven 
steps 8 inches high. The fort offers a 
13-minute audiovisual program. 



Fort Washington 

c/o National Capital Parks-East, 
5210 Indian Head Hwy., Oxon Hill, MD 
20021 . 

An early 19th-century fort built for 
the protection of the new National Cap- 
ital. A "Living History" area. 

The relatively level walks to the fort 
make it accessible by wheelchair. Door 
openings are 32 inches wide. Natural 
and historical features can be enjoyed 
by wheelchair users and many scenes 
can be viewed by car. (The fort is off 
Indian Head Highway on Fort Washing- 
ton Road.) 



Greenbelt Park 



6501 Greenbelt Rd., Greenbelt, MD ' 
20770. 

A natural wooded area in the Na-J 
tion's Capital. ( 

The park provides the handicapped! 
many opportunities for camping and 
picnicking within 10 miles of downtown 
Washington. 



Hampton National Historic Site 

535 Hampton Lane, Towson, MD 21204. 

One of the great Georgian mansions 
of America built during the latter part 
of the 18th century. 

The main mansion entrance has nine 
steps, but the terrace immediately out- 
side is accessible by wheelchair. As- 
sistance is needed on the steep incline 
to the restored gardens. i 



Oxon Hill Children's Farm > 

1, 

c/o National Capital Parks-East, i 

5210 Indian Head Hwy., Oxon Hill, MD i 
20021 . I 

A place where urban children cani 
experience farm life. A "Living History"! 
area. ^ 

Handicapped persons can see andi 
hear farm animals, see and feel farmi 
implements, and view demonstrations! 
during the different farming seasons, i 
Informal information and guided pro-i 



grams are available all year. The short 
paths between various features are 
graveled. (The farm is off the Capital 
Beltway at Indian Head Highway.) 



Massachusetts 



Adams National Historic Site 

c/o Boston Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 160, Concord, MA 
01742. 

Home of Presidents John Adams and 
John Quincy Adams; of Charles Fran- 
cis Adams, United States minister to 
Great Britain during the Civil War; and 
of Henry Adams and Brooks Adams, 
writers and historians. 

The first floor of the "Old House," 
the library, which is in a separate build- 
ing, and the adjacent 18th-century gar- 
den may be enjoyed by persons in 
wheelchairs. (The site is at 135 Adams 
St., Quincy.) 



Cape Cod National Seashore 
South Wellfleet, MA 02663. 

Ocean beaches, dunes, woodlands, 
fresh-water ponds, and marshes on 
outer Cape Cod, for three centuries 
a landmark and haven for mariners. 

Both Salt Pond and Province Lands 
Visitor Centers (except the observation 
deck at Province Lands) and their ad- 
jacent amphitheaters are accessible 
by wheelchair. In summer, programs 
are given nightly at both amphithe- 
aters. Other facilities accessible to the 
handicapped are the Marconi Station 
in South Wellfleet, the temporary Life- 
Saving Museum at the Coast Guard 
Station at Eastham, the Pilgrim Spring 
and Fort Hill trail shelters, all picnic 
areas, and all beaches except Head of 
the Meadow. 

In addition, there is the Buttonbush 
Trail, which features trail markers in 
Braille for the blind and with extra 
large lettering for the partially sighted. 
The entire length of the trail is defined 
by bright yellow polyprophlene rope to 
make it easier for the handicapped and 
elderly. 



John Fitzgerald Kennedy 
National Historic Site 



37 



c/o Boston Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 160, Concord, MA 
01742. 

Birthplace and early boyhood home 
(1917-20) of the 35th President of the 
United States, 1961-63. 

Persons in wheelchairs will need as- 
sistance to negotiate the six steps to 
the entrance. These steps have a 
guardrail. On request, park personnel 
will assist at this nine-room, two-story 
structure, but maneuvering may be dif- 
ficult as steps are steep. Six audio sta- 
tions provide descriptions recorded by 
Mrs. Rose Kennedy. Tours for the deaf 
are also provided. (The site is at 83 
Beals St., Brookline.) 



Minute Man National Historical Park 

c/o Boston Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 160, Concord, MA 
01742. 

Scene of the fighting on the opening 
day of the Revolutionary War, April 19, 
1775. Includes the North Bridge, the 
Minute Man statue, 4 miles of Battle 
Road between Lexington and Concord, 
and "The Wayside," Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne's home. A "Living History" area. 

A portable ramp makes the North 
Bridge Visitor Center accessible to 
wheelchairs. In summer, park person- 
nel are stationed at the bridge. The 
North Bridge picnic area is accessible 
by wheelchair. 




Minute Man 



Massachusetts continued 



Michigan 



38 Salem Maritime National Historic Site 

c/o Boston Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 160, Concord, IVIA 
01742. 

Only major port never occupied by 
the British during the Revolutionary 
War. Later the wharf became one of 
the Nation's great mercantile centers 
and Salem was known as the "New 
World Venice." Other structures of 
maritime, architectural, and literary 
significance include Derby House, 
Hawkes House, and the Old Custom 
House. A "Living History" area. 

Derby Wharf, the historic roadway 
to the wharf, the park grounds behind 
the Custom House and the Hawkes 
House, and the restrooms behind 
Hawkes House are accessible by 
wheelchair. A wooden ramp enables 
wheelchair users to negotiate the park- 
ing area curb. Cars are prohibited on 
the historic roadway. Wheelchair visi- 
tors will be carried up 12 steps to the 
Custom House if ample advance notice 
is given. The first floor of the Custom 
House contains the Hawthorne Room, 
a maritime museum, and a slide pro- 
gram. The Derby House doors are too 
small for wheelchairs. (The site is in 
Salem.) 



Saugus Iron Works 
National Historic Site 

c/o Boston Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 160, Concord, MA 
01742. 

Reconstruction of the first integral 
ironworks in North America, begun in 
1646; includes furnace, forge, and roll- 
ing and slitting mill; original iron mas- 
ter's house; museum. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

All buildings are accessible by 
wheelchair, but if visitors cannot nego- 
tiate the flight of steps to the Iron- 
works, directions will be given on how 
to reach it by Bridge Street, an alter- 
nate route. Ramps provide easy access 
to the museum, the ground floor of the 
iron master's house, and the men's 
restroom, all of which have either one 
or two steps. (The site is at 244 Cen- 
tral St., Saugus.) 



Isle Roy ale National Park 



87 North Ripley St., Houghton, Ml 
49931. 

Forested island, the largest in Lake 
Superior, distinguished for its wilder- 
ness character. Timber wolves and 
moose herd; pre-Columbian copper 
mines. 

Boat travel requires special assist- 
ance for those in wheelchairs due to 
difficult boarding ramps, marine doors, 
and the flight of steps between the 
staterooms, snack bar, cafeteria, and 
restrooms on the lower level, and the 
observation lounges. 

The dockside information building at 
Rock Harbor and the walks to the con- 
cessioner facilities are accessible by 
wheelchair. All eating, housing, and 
restroom facilities at Rock Harbor and 
Windigo have either from two to four 
steps or steep grades, and wheelchair 
users will require assistance. One of 
the two-story lodge units at Rock Har- 
bor has a ramp to the second story but 
the asphalt walk to the ramp has a 
steep grade. All other park trails would 
be impassable by wheelchair. Most 
trails are rocky and rough in places 
and require rather strenuous effort. 



Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore 

c/o Isle Royale National Park, 
87 North Ripley St., Houghton, Ml 
49931 . 

Contains multicolored sandstone 
cliffs, broad beaches, bars, dunes, wa- 
terfalls, inland lakes, ponds, marshes, 
hardwood and coniferous forests, and 
numerous birds and animals. 

No facilities for the handicapped. 
(This area is along Michigan's Lake 
Superior shore.) 



I 



Minnesota 



Mississippi 



Grand Portage National Monument 
P.O. Box 666, Grand Marais, MN 55604. 

A 9-mile portage on a principal route 
of Indians, explorers, missionaries, and 
fur traders into the Northwest. Includes 
a reconstructed Grand Portage trading 
post of the North West Company. A 
"Living History" area. 

Wheelchair users and visitors with 
heart conditions may safely enjoy the 
inside of the stockade, flag exhibit, 
dock, lake views, picnic area, and 
guided tours. The Grand Portage Trail 
and the Mount Rose Trail are impass- 
able to wheelchairs. 



Pipestone National Monument 
P.O. Box 727, Pipestone, MN 56164. 

Quarry where Indians obtained ma- 
terials for making peace pipes used in 
ceremonies. A "Living History" area. 

Visitor center is accessible to wheel- 
chairs, with all facilities on one floor. 
Restroom outside doors are 31 inches 
wide; booth doors, 23 inches. Some 
panel exhibits in the visitor center have 
three-dimensional objects that are 
meaningful to the blind. The Circle 
Trail and old quarry are accessible to 
wheelchairs, with assistance. 







SI^HMiHx lift' ■§. ^ 
1 HI^^^HHw^K^Mftl 




^^^^^^^^Hl'^ , '■■yJHBMB 


g^g 


1 Natchez Trace 





Brices Cross Roads 
National Battlefield Site 



c/o Natchez Trace Parkway, R.R. 5, 
NT-143, Tupelo, MS 38801. 

Scene of the battle of June 10, 1864, 
in which Confederate cavalry under 
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest was em- 
ployed with extraordinary skill. 

The entire area is accessible by 
wheelchair. (The site is 6 miles west 
of Baldwyn.) 



Natchez Trace Parkway 

R.R. 5, NT-143, Tupelo, MS 38801. 

Historic route following the general 
location of the old Indian trail between 
Nashville, Tenn., and Natchez, Miss., 
known as the "Natchez Trace," impor- 
tant in early travel. In Mississippi, Ten- 
nessee, and Alabama. 

The parking area's curb ramp and 
the one-story Tupelo Visitor Center's 
level entrance give wheelchair visitors 
ready access. A service station at Jeff 
Busby Park is also accessible, once 
a 5-inch curb has been negotiated. The 
Ridgeland wayside museum entrance 
has a 5-inch step. At Mount Locust the 
exhibit shelter is accessible, but the 
historic hilltop house has a series of 
six to eight steps. The motor road is 
the main parkway feature and most of 
the interpretive devices and overlooks 
can be seen without leaving the car. 
Audiovisual programs are offered at 
the Tupelo Visitor Center and campfire 
programs at Jeff Busby and Rocky 
Springs Parks. 



Tupelo National Battlefield 

c/o Natchez Trace Parkway, R.R. 5, 
NT-143, Tupelo, MS 38801. 

Commemorates the battle of July 
13-14, 1864, between Gen. Nathan Bed- 
ford Forrest's cavalry and a Union force 
of 14,000 sent to keep Forrest from 
cutting the railroad supplying Gen. 
W. T. Sherman's march on Atlanta. 

The entire area is accessible by 
wheelchair. 



39 



Mississippi continued 



Missouri 



40 Vicksburg National Military Park 

P.O. Box 349, Vicksburg, MS 39180. 

Remarkably preserved fortifications 
of the 47-day siege of Vicksburg end- 
ing July 3, 1863. Victory gave the North 
control of the Mississippi River and cut 
the Confederacy in two. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

Most features are readily seen from 
the road. The ground-level visitor cen- 
ter is accessible by wheelchair once 
the parking area curb is negotiated. 
Audiovisual programs and exhibits are 
conveniently located on the first floor 
of the visitor center. 




George Washington Carver 
National Monument 

P.O. Box 38, Diamond, MO 64840. 

Site of the birthplace and childhood 
home of the famous black scientist. 
Landmarks include the spring, a grove 
of trees, and the graves of the Carver 
family. 

The visitor center, including rest- 
rooms, is accessible by wheelchair. 
Interpretive talks are given in the cen- 
ter. The first 100 yards of the self-guid- 
ing Boy Carver Nature Trail is paved 
and easily traveled, but the remainder 
is unpaved and therefore unsuitable 
for persons in wheelchairs or on 
crutches. 



Jefferson National Expansion 
Memorial National Historic Site 

11 North Fourth St., St. Louis, MO 
63102. 

Park along the Mississippi River 
containing the 630-foot-high steel 
Gateway Arch, designed by American 
architect Eero Saarinen, commemorat- 
ing the westward pioneers and terri- 
torial expansion of the United States. 

The Gateway Arch Visitor Center, 
though incomplete, has some exhibits 
accessible by ramp to wheelchair 
users, with assistance. Restrooms are 
accessible. Parking is approximately 
800 feet from the visitor center. 



Vicksburg 



I 



Montana 



Ozark National Scenic Riverways 
P.O. Box 448, Van Buren, MO 63965. 

Nearly 150 miles of scenic beauty 
along the free-flowing Current and 
Jacks Fork Rivers. 

Significant features can be viewed 
from campgrounds and roadways. An 
auto ferry at Powder Mill allows han- 
dicapped persons to cross the river. 
The visitor center at Powder Mill has 
a level entry. Float trips on the river 
are considered too dangerous for the 
handicapped. Steps and unimproved 
trails prevent wheelchair visitors from 
close approach to other areas. Medical 
services are available at Mountain 
View and Poplar Bluff, each 45 miles 
from Van Buren. There are also hospi- 
tals at Houston, 20 miles from the 
nearest park boundary, and at Salem, 
35 miles from Pulltite Springs. A clinic 
at Summerville Is 10 miles from Alley 
Spring on the Jacks Fork River. 



Wilson's Creek National Battlefield 

c/o George Washington Carver 
National Monument, P.O. Box 38, 
Diamond, MO 64840. 

Site of Civil War battle on August 10, 
1861, for control of Missouri. 

There is a self-guiding motor tour 
of the battlefield. Assistance is neces- 
sary at the visitor center contact sta- 
tion and restrooms. (The park is near 
Republic.) 




Big Hole National Battlefield 

c/o Yellowstone National Park, 
Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190. 

Site of a dramatic episode in the 
Indian Wars, 1877. 

Visitor center, with exhibits and an 
audiovisual program, has a level entry. 
The battlefield can be viewed from the 
audiovisual room while a narrator re- 
constructs the battle. The wooded 
siege area, a 5-minute walk uphill, is 
too strenuous for wheelchairs. Medical 
services and facilities are unavailable. 

Elevation at headquarters: 6,300 
feet. (The park is near Wisdom, Mont.) 



Bigfiorn Canyon 
National Recreation Area 

P.O. Box 458 YRS, Hardin, MT 59035. 

A 71 -mile-long reservoir, part of it 
in Bighorn Canyon, formed by the Yel- 
lowtail Dam, in the heart of the Crow 
Indian Reservation. In Montana and 
Wyoming. 

Many facilities are in the planning 
stage. Yeliowtail Visitor Center and 
observation deck at Fort Smith over- 
looking the dam and powerhouse are 
open to the public. An audiovisual pro- 
gram is given on request; a portable 
wooden ramp is available for wheel- 
chair use. Campfire programs are given 
at Fort Smith. A paved road from Lov- 
eil allows the handicapped to use the 
campground and enjoy campfire pro- 
grams at Horseshoe Bend. Medical fa- 
cilities are not available. 



Custer Battlefield National Monument 
P.O. Box 416, Crow Agency, MT 59022. 

Site of the famous Battle of the Little 
Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, between 
five companies of the 7th U.S. Cavalry 
and the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne 
Indians in which Lt. Col. George A. 
Custer and about 268 of his force were 
killed. A "Living History" area. 



41 



Montana continued 



Nebraska 



42 On request, staff personnel are avail- 

able to help wheelchair users over the 
parking area curb and the visitor cen- 
ter step. Walkways permit access to 
the national cemetery, the Custer Mon- 
ument, the Last Stand overlook, and 
portions of the self-guiding Entrench- 
ment Trail. Interpretive talks are given 
at the visitor center. Interpretive signs 
on the battlefield road are designed 
for car viewing. 



Fort Union Trading Post 
National Historic Site 



See North Dakota. 



Glacier National Park 



West Glacier, MT 59936. 

Superb Rocky Mountain scenery 
with numerous glaciers and lakes 
among high peaks. Part of Waterton- 
Glacier International Peace Park. 

Significant features and scenic 
overlooks may be viewed by car on 
Going-to-the-Sun and other park roads. 
Logan Pass and St. Mary Visitor Cen- 
ters have handrails, wide walks, and 
double doors. Staff assistance is avail- 
able on request. All park trails are un- 
paved. Evening interpretive talks are 
given at Fish Creek and Apgar Camp- 
ground amphitheaters, McDonald 
Lodge, and St. Mary Visitor Center 
auditorium. Evening programs are of- 
fered at Avalanche, Rising Sun, Swift- 
current, and Two Medicine Camp- 
grounds, which are easily reached. 

The highest point by car is Logan 
Pass, 6,664 feet. Most facilities, how- 
ever, are at 3,210- to 4,500-foot eleva- 
tions. A medical clinic at St. Mary is 
open in summer. 



Yellowstone National Park 
See Wyoming. 



Agate Fossil Beds National Monument j 

c/o Scotts Bluff National Monument, I 
P.O. Box 427, Gering, NB 69341 . j 

A natural depository of fossils of an | 
animal community that flourished 20 ! 
million years ago. i 

Housetrailers are used as temporary ] 
visitor center, comfort station, and j 
ranger office. A 6-inch parking area 
curb, and steps to facilities make , 
wheelchair visits difficult without as- | 
sistance. The doors to the visitor cen- ; 
ter and comfort station are 35 inches ' 
wide. The comfort station stall doors j 
are 22 inches wide. Displays are at the 
visitor center and unscheduled talks 
are held there. First aid supplies and 
assistance are available. (The monu- 
ment is 20 miles from Harrison and ; 
34 miles from Mitchell.) 



Chimney Rock National Historic Site 

c/o Scotts Bluff National Monument, 
P.O. Box 427, Gering, NB 69341. 

A famous landmark and campsite on 
the Oregon Trail. 

No facilities for the handicapped. 
(The site is 3V2 miles southwest of 
Bayard.) 




Chimney Rock 



Homestead National Monument 

of America 

Beatrice, NB 68310. 

Site of one of the first claims under 
the Homestead Act of 1862. A "Living 
History" area. 

All features are accessible by wheel- 
chair over relatively easy, level paths. 
A ramp crosses the 4-inch parking area 
curb. The visitor center, with audiovis- 
ual room, museum, and farm imple- 
ment display shed, has 6-foot-wide 
entry and exit doors. Restrooms have 
entry doors 31 inches wide; stall doors, 
241/2 inches. The Palmer-Epard Cabin, 
an authentic homesteader's cabin fur- 
nished with typical homestead furnish- 
ings, may be reached by a paved walk. 
Wheelchair visitors may view the cabin 
interior from a 24-inch doorway. A 
paved trail footbridge accommodates 
wheelchairs up to 40 inches wide. The 
trail has a short, steep pitch of 91/2 
percent gradient for about 88 feet. 
From sample prairie grass plots at the 
end of the trail one may view the na- 
tive prairie portion of the monument. 
Conducted tours can be arranged with 
advance notice. 

Four audio programs in the visitor 
center and one trailside audio program 
hold great interest for blind persons. 
On request, park personnel will guide 
them through the equipment display 
shed where they are permitted to touch 
articles. 

Medical services and hospital facili- 
ties are available in Beatrice, 5 miles 
distant. 




Scotts Bluff National Monument 
P.O. Box 427, Gering, NB 69341 . 

Landmark on the Oregon Trail asso- 
ciated with the mass migration be- 
tween 1843 and 1869 across the Great 
Plains. 

The entire area, including the visitor 
center with its Oregon Trail museum, 
is accessible by wheelchair. An asphalt 
ramp leads into the museum from the 
parking area, eliminating all steps. Vis- 
itor center restroom doors are 29V2 
inches wide; stall doors, 25V2 inches. 
There is a 2V2-inch step to the men's 
restroom. Grab bars are installed in 
the restrooms to assist the handi- 
capped. The outdoor amphitheater is 
reached by a paved walk with a short 
7.5-percent gradient. At the Summit of 
Scotts Bluff, several paved walks lead 
to: South Summit overlook, 9.2-percent 
gradient at steepest part; High Point 
overlook, 16.3-percent gradient at 
steepest part; and Observation Point, 
18.7-percent gradient at steepest part. 
A walk leading to the Jackson Camp- 
site at Mitchell Pass has a 13.3-percent 
gradient at the steepest part. The 2.4- 
mile bicycle trail between Gering and 
the Oregon Trail museum has a 20- 
percent gradient at its steepest point. 
It is accessible by wheelchair. Inter- 
pretive talks or campfire programs are 
held at the amphitheater. Unscheduled 
talks are offered at the museum. 

The high point of the summit is about 
4,649 feet. The road from the visitor 
center to the summit rises about 500 
feet in 13^ miles. Medical services are 
available in Gering, 2 miles distant, 
and hospitals in Scottsbluff, 5 miles. 



43 



Nomestead 



Nevada 



New Hampshire 



44 Death Valley National Monument 
See California. 



Lake Mead National Recreation Area 
See Arizona. 



Lehman Caves National Monument 
Baker, NV 89311. 

Caverns of light gray-and-white lime- 
stone, honeycombed by tunnels and 
galleries decorated with various types 
of cave formations. 

Public buildings, displays, rest- 
rooms, and the concession building are 
accessible by wheelchair over a ser- 
vice road behind the visitor center. 

Average elevation of main features: 
6,825 feet. Persons with a serious heart 
or respiratory condition are advised 
against taking the cave tour, which is 
0.6 miles in length, lasts IVa hours, 
and ascends or descends 15 flights of 
stairs. If the tour schedule permits, 
15-minute tours to the first room are 
made for these persons, or to the 
Lodge Room through the exit tunnel. 
A V4-mile nature trail is also unsuitable 
for their use. 



Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site 

c/o Saratoga National Historical Park, 
RD 1, Box 113-C, Stillwater, NY 12170. 

A memorial to the American sculp- 
tor, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, contain- 
ing his home, "Aspet," and his studios 
and gardens. A "Living History" area. 

This walk-in area permits the handi- 
capped use of the grounds to reach 
the Temple, the Little Studio, the New 
Studio, the Studio by the Ravine, and 
the Shaw, Adams, and Farragut Memo- 
rials. Persons in wheelchairs also may 
enjoy the scenic view from the over- 
look. The visitor center is 100 feet from 
the parking area, but wheelchairs will 
need assistance over the three steps 
from the parking level. Restrooms are 
too small to accommodate these vehi- 
cles. Conducted tours are provided, if 
desired. Special audio programs are 
available for the blind. (The park is lo- 
cated in Cornish, N.H.) 




Saint-Gaudens 



New Jersey 



Delaware Water Gap 
National Recreation Area 



Int. 80, Columbia, NJ 07832. 

An outstanding scenic area along 
the Delaware River. In Pennsylvania 
and New Jersey. 

Much of the scenery can be viewed 
from a car. A permanent ramp from the 
parking area provides access to the 
visitor information station for those in 
wheelchairs. Portable ramps are also 
available at the station and at other lo- 
cations. Restroom doors are 29 inches 
wide outside and 24 inches wide inside. 
Assistance may be required to cross 
the grassy plots from the parking area 
to the picnic area and the one at 
Worthington State Forest campground 
where campfire talks are conducted. 
The trails are unsuitable at present for 
use by persons with heart trouble. Am- 
bulance and hospital services are 
available in East Stroudsburg, Pa., 6 
miles away. 



Edison National Historic Site 

c/o Morristown-Edison Group, 
National Park Service, P.O. Box 1136R, 
Morristown, NJ 07960. 

Buildings and equipment used by 
Thomas A. Edison for many of his ex- 
periments; his library, papers, and 
models of some of his inventions. Site 
also includes Glenmont, Edison's 23- 
room home, furnished as he and his 
family lived in it. 

Cars with wheelchair visitors may 
park in the laboratory unit near the 
start of the tour. With assistance up 
the steps, wheelchair users can visit 
the main laboratory, which contains 
the library and machine shops. Edi- 
son's physics laboratory, now a movie 
theater; his chemistry laboratory; and 
the powerhouse containing a wall dis- 
play and a museum are accessible by 
ramp. The first floor of Glenmont is ac- 
cessible provided wheelchair visitors 
have assistance up the three entrance 
steps. A wheelchair occupant may tour 
the Glenmont grounds in summer while 



the paths and walks are firm: Most of 
the grounds can be viewed from an 
automobile. Blind persons will enjoy 
the guided tour. Orange Memorial Hos- 
pital is 2 miles away. (The site is in 
West Orange.) 



Morristown National Historical Park 

c/o Morristown-Edison Group, 
National Park Service, P.O. Box 1136R, 
Morristown, NJ 07960. 

Sites of important military encamp- 
ments during the Revolution; Washing- 
ton's headquarters, 1777 and 1779-80. 
A "Living History" area. 

The first floor of the historical mu- 
seum is accessible by wheelchair, with 
assistance. Advance arrangements are 
advised. There are a total of 23 steps to 
be ascended or descended at intervals 
between the Morris Street entrance 
and the historical museum. Restrooms 
in the basement are accessible in the 
rear. The Ford Mansion has five en- 
trance steps. Stairs to the second floor 
are steep and narrow. The Wick 
House, a single-story structure, has six 
entrance steps. Wayside exhibits at 
the Primrose Brook parking area in 
Jockey Hollow are readily accessible, 
and the Hospital Hut-Pennsylvania Line 
offers little difficulty to those having 
transportation to Jockey Hollow. 



Statue of Liberty National Monument 
See New York. 



45 




Edison 



New Mexico 



46 Aztec Ruins National Monument 

Route 1, Box 101, Aztec, NM 87410. 

Ruins of a large Pueblo Indian com- 
munity with 12th-century buildings of 
masonry and timber; largely excavated 
and stabilized. Misnamed by early 
American settlers. 

With assistance, the visitor center, 
museum, restrooms, and plaza, are ac- 
cessible to wheelchair visitors. The 
ruins, however, have many steps, mak- 
ing them inaccessible to wheelchairs. 
Flights of stairs range from 5 to 15 
steps. Two-thirds of the interpretive 
trail permits wheelchair travel, with 
assistance. Talks and conducted tours 
are given on request. Average eleva- 
tion: 5,640 feet. 



Bandelier National Monument 
Los Alamos, NM 87544. 

Ruins of homes of 15th-century Pueb- 
lo Indians in the canyon-slashed slopes 
of the Pajarito Plateau. 

Wheelchair visitors can reach the 
visitor center, eating facilities, portions 
of the archeological features, Indian 
ruins trails, Cottonwood picnic area, 
and scenic overlooks. They will need 
help over the parking area curb to the 
sidewalk leading to the visitor center, 
up a step from the sidewalk to conces- 
sion facilities, and over the 1-mile 
round-trip trail leading to the main ruin 
of Tyuonyi. The Tyuonyi Ruins can be 
viewed from the main paved trail. In 
the visitor center, a portable ramp is 
available for negotiating two steps 
from the main lobby to the exhibit 
rooms. Access to restroom facilities is 
at sidewalk level by 30-inch-wide door- 
ways; stalls are 231/2 inches wide. Au- 
diovisual programs are presented at 
the visitor center upon request. Eve- 
ning campfire programs are given at 
Juniper campground. Contour maps 
and models for touching by blind per- 
sons are available. 



Average elevation of main features: 
6,100 feet. Elevation of the visitor cen- 
ter and main ruin (one-half mile from 
the visitor center), 6,100 to 6,500 feet; 
of campground 6,600 feet. Emergency 
oxygen is available at the visitor cen- 
ter, at headquarters, and in ranger 
patrol vehicles. Ambulance service is 
available at the park; hospital at Los 
Alamos is 13 miles away. 



Capulin Mountain National Monument 



\ 



Capulin, NM 88414. 

Symmetrical cinder cone, an inter- 
esting example of an extinct volcano 
of recent geological formation. 

The visitor center is accessible by 
wheelchair over a ramp from the park- 
ing area to the sidewalk and terrace. 
Door openings, including restroom 
doors, are at least 31 inches wide. 
Crater Rim parking area, with scenic 
overlook and picnic area are accessi- 
ble. Crater and Rim Trail walks are not 
for wheelchair use but a ramp at the 
rim parking area allows wheelchair 
users to look over the wall into the cra- 
ter. Audiovisual programs are offered 
at the visitor center, and interpretive 
talks at the Crater Rim in summer. Av- 
erage elevation of main features: 7,300 
to 8,400 feet. 



Carlsbad Caverns National Park j 

P.O. Box 1598, Carlsbad, NM 88220. | 

Largest underground chambers yet ' 
discovered; connected caverns with 
countless magnificent and curious for- 
mations. ! 

A ramp on the east front section of I 
the visitor center helps wheelchair i 
users from sidewalk to patio. The res- i 
taurant and curio shop in the visitor i 
center, and the underground lunch- I 
room, are accessible. Visitor center i 
and cavern restrooms have one stall j 
each suitable for wheelchair occu- i 
pants. An interpretive talk is offered at = 
the cavern entrance. Wheelchair visi- i 
tors may enjoy a portion of the Big i 
Room tour. 



Elevation on main road: 3,600 to 
4,400 feet. Average elevation of main 
features: 4,000 feet. The cavern tour 
is a 3-mile walk, with a steep decline. 
It is not recommended for visitors with 
a serious heart condition. 



Chaco Canyon National Monument 

c/o Navajo Lands Group, National 
Park Service, P.O. Box 539, 
Farmington, NM 87401. 

Thirteen major Indian ruins unsur- 
passed in the United States, represent- 
ing the highest point of Pueblo pre- 
Columbian civilization; hundreds of 
smaller ruins. 

The handicapped may have a re- 
warding visit, with assistance. Most 
ruins are on level or nearly level 
ground. Wheelchair visitors will need 
assistance over the parking area curb 
to the sidewalk. Entry doors at the vis- 
itor center, 50 feet from the parking 
area, are 72 inches wide. Exhibit rooms 
are on one floor. Outside restroom 
doors are 36 inches wide; inside doors, 
26 inches. Travel by the handicapped 
through the ruins may require a strong 
helper, and preferably two, for steps 
and steep slopes. Doors at certain 
parts of the ruins are too narrow for 
wheelchairs. By arrangement, park 
personnel will wheel a chair into the 
Pueblo Bonito and Casa Rinconada 
courtyards and to some of the nearby 
smaller sites. All trails are of pea- 
gravel construction which makes push- 
i ing a wheelchair difficult. Four con- 
ducted tours are offered each day in 
summer and one a day during the re- 
mainder of the year; evening programs 
nightly in summer. Blind persons may 
touch the walls of the ruins. 

Average elevation: 6,200 feet. The 
park can provide first aid equipment, 
stretchers, limited oxygen, and a resus- 
citator. Nurse, doctor, ambulance, and 
hospital facilities are 26 miles north at 
Navajo Mission Hospital. (The monu- 
ment is near Bloomfield.) 



El Morro National Monument 

c/o Navajo Lands Group, National 
Park Service, P.O. Box 539, 
Farmington, NM 87401. 

"Inscription Rock," soft sandstone 
monolith bearing hundreds of carved 
inscriptions, including those of 17th- 
century Spanish explorers and 19th- 
century American emigrants and set- 
tlers; also pre-Columbian petroglyphs. 

The visitor center, 30 feet from the 
ramped parking area, is entirely on one 
level. Outside restroom doors are 28 
inches wide; booth doors only 24 
inches. Although the Inscription Rock 
Trail has some rather steep grades, 
wheelchair occupants may view at 
least two-thirds of the inscriptions with- 
out assistance via a by-pass around 
the visitor center. The picnic area is 
one-half mile from the parking area, 
but the ground is uneven. Campfire 
talks are held in the picnic-camp- 
ground. 

Elevation of visitor center: 7,218 
feet. Nearest emergency medical ser- 
vices and hospital facilities are 30 
miles way. Persons with a heart con- 
dition can enjoy the Inscription Trail 
if they travel slowly, but they should 
not take the strenuous Mesa-top Trail. 
(The monument is near Ramah.) 



Fort Union National Monument 
Watrous, NM 87753. 

Ruins of a key fort on the Santa Fe 
Trail that shaped Southwest destiny, 
1851-91. A "Living History" area. 

A portable ramp over the parking 
area curb and the one-step rise to the 
visitor center porch is available for 
wheelchair users on request. When 
possible, guided tours are offered or- 
ganized groups, also on request. Easily 
accessible by wheelchair from the visi- 
tor center are two pushbutton audio 
stations. Bugle calls controlled by 
time clock are given every 15 minutes. 



47 



New Mexico continued 



1 



48 The trail is generally easy but wheel- 
chair users will need help over flag- 
stone areas and short lengths of grav- 
el-surfaced walks. Visitor center rest- 
room doors admit wheelchairs, but 
booths do ngt. 

Elevation: 6,700 feet. Medical ser- 
vices are not readily available. 



Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument 

Gila Hot Springs, Route 1 1 , Box 1 00, 
Silver City, NM 88061. 

Well-preserved cliff dwellings in nat- 
ural cavities of an overhanging cliff. 

Wheelchair users may enter the visi- 
tor center from the rear but they will 
need help over three steps. Rear park- 
ing lot is 100 feet from the visitor cen- 
ter. The entrance and exhibit room are 
accessible by double doors. Wheel- 
chair visitors may park directly in front 
of the parking area restrooms. A ramp 
provides restroom access. Restroom 
doors measure 31 inches wide; booths, 
24 inches. The cliff dwellings and ap- 
proach trail are inaccessible by wheel- 
chair. Assistance is provided the hand- 
icapped on a 50-foot graveled trail 
to reach the site adjacent to the visitor 
center where evening programs are 
presented. On request, organized 
groups of blind persons may use the 
trail and tour the dwellings with park 
assistance. Elevation: 5,700 feet. The 
Forest Service (U.S. Department of Ag- 
riculture) picnic areas are walk-in type. 
They can be easily reached by wheel- 
chair, some being within 25 feet of the 
parking area. 



Gran Quivira National Monument 
Route 1, Mountainair, NM 87036. 

Site of a 17th-century Spanish mis- 
sion; ruins of two mission buildings 
and of 18 Pueblo Indian house mounds. 

Wheelchair users will need help 
over the parking area curb, 30 feet 
from the visitor center. Door openings 
permit wheelchair access throughout 
the visitor center. The Pueblo Indian 
and mission ruins are accessible to 
wheelchairs over a trail equipped with 
handrails where necessary, but unsur- 



faced for the first 100 yards. The gra- 
dient is more than 8 percent on two 
short stretches of the surfaced trail. 
Conducted tours are offered. 

Elevations of outstanding features: 
6,470 to 6,670 feet. Oxygen is avail- 
able. Nurse, doctor, and ambulance 
services and a small hospital are at 
Mountainair, 26 miles away. The near- 
est major hospital, at Albuquerque, is 
100 miles from Mountainair. 



Pecos National Monument 

P.O. Drawer 11, Pecos, NM 87552. 

Foundations of a 17th-century mis- 
sion church cited in Spanish writings, 
and the ruins of an 18th-century 
church. Also ancient Indian pueblo 
ruins and restored kiva. A landmark 
on the Santa Fe Trail, ruts of which 
still can be seen here. 

Ramps placed wherever there are 
steps give wheelchair users a pleas- 
urable visit. Restroom facilities are 
adequate for all handicapped. Eleva- 
tion of main features: 6,900 feet. 



White Sands National Monument 
P.O. Box 458, Alamogordo, NM 88310. 

Glistening, white gypsum sands, 
drifting into dunes 10 to 45 feet high; 
small animals, light in hue, adapted to 
the environment. 

The visitor center is accessible to 
wheelchair users once the parking area 
curb has been negotiated. Facilities 
include museum, gift shop, and audi- 
torium with audiovisual slide programs. 
A ramp and handrails between the lob- 
by and museum facilitate use. Outside 
restrooms are inaccessible by wheel- 
chair but the visitor center restroom 
can be made available on request at 
the information desk. Except for climb- 
ing the dunes, the significant features 
may be enjoyed by car or at ground 
level. The self-guiding drive to the 
heart of the dunes, used in correlation 
with roadside numbered stations on 
the drive, is the only special activity 
readily available to those in wheel- 
chairs. Average elevation of main fea 
tures: 4,000 feet. 



^ 



New York 



Castle Clinton National Monument 

c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
NY 10005. 

A structure, built 1808-11, which 
served successively as a defense for 
New York Harbor, a promenade and 
entertainment center, and an immigra- 
tion depot through which more than 
3 million people entered the United 
States from 1855 to 1890. (Temporarily 
closed to the public.) 

Wheelchair visitors will need assist- 
ance down three entrance steps to the 
Tionument which is located on level 
ground. (The monument is at the south- 
ern tip of Manhattan Island.) 



■ederal Hall National Memorial 

:/o New York City Group, National 
^ark Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
\iY 10005. 

Graceful 1842 building on the site 
)f the original Federal Hall where the 
stamp Act Congress convened, 1765; 
he Second Continental Congress met, 
785; George Washington took the 
)ath as President and the Bill of Rights 
vas adopted, 1789. The John Peter 
!enger trial for freedom of the press 
ilso held here, 1735. 

The memorial has 18 front steps, 
"herefore, the slatue of President 
aeorge Washington and the descrip- 
ive plaques on the exterior of the 
>uilding must be viewed by wheelchair 
isitors from the street. A ramp for 
i/heelchairs provides access to the 
iterior from the rear of the building 
»n Pine Street. At present the first floor 
5 the only part of the building that is 
iccessible. (The memorial is at Wall 
nd Nassau Streets.) 



Fire Island National Seashore 



49 



c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
NY 10005. 

Barrier island with outstanding quali- 
ties of natural history and opportuni- 
ties for beach-oriented recreation in 
proximity to the New York metropolitan 
area. 

The area is unsuited for wheelchair 
visits. Seashore facilities are reached 
only by public ferry or private boat. 
Elevated wooden boardwalks with 
ramps and steps provide access to 
the beach. 



General Grant National Memorial 

c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York 
NY 10005. 

A memorial to Ulysses S. Grant, who 
commanded the Union armies and 
brought the Civil War to an end. Here 
are the tombs of General and Mrs. 
Grant. As President of the United 
States (1869-77), Grant signed the act 
establishing the first national park, 
Yellowstone, in 1872. 

Twenty steps make it difficult for 
visitors with a heart condition or in 
a wheelchair to enter the memorial. 
However, there are wide, level walks 
and paths around the building, which 
provide views of the lower Hudson 
River, New Jersey shore, and River- 
side Park. Informal interpretive talks. 
(The memorial is on Riverside Drive 
at West 122d Street.) 



Hamilton Grange National Memorial 

c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
NY 10005. 

Home of Alexander Hamilton, one 
of America's great statesmen. 

No special facilities for the handi- 
capped. (The memorial is at 287 Con- 
vent Avenue.) 



New York continued 



50 Home of Franklin D. Roosvelt 
National Historic Site 

Hyde Park, Dutchess County, NY 
12538. 

Birthplace, home, and "Summer 
White House" of the 32d President of 
the United States (1933-45), where 
many distinguished visitors were enter- 
tained. Also, rose garden, where the 
President and Mrs. Roosevelt are 
buried. 

Ramps over the parking area curb 
and entrance steps to the home make 
this area accessible to wheelchairs. 
On request, assistance can be pro- 
vided first-floor visitors. The second 
floor is inaccessible. 



Sagamore Hill National Historic Site 

c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
NY 10005. 

Home of President Theodore Roose- 
velt from 1885 until his death in 1919. 

Persons in wheelchairs can easily 
traverse all paths and walks. The first 
floor of the home is accessible, but 
wheelchair users will need assistance 
up the three steps to the entrance. 
They will also need help to enter the 
Old Orchard Museum — open in spring 
and summer — where three rooms are 
accessible to them. A biographical film 
is shown in the museum every hour. 
Informal interpretive talks are given 
throughout the home. (The site is at 
Oyster Bay, Long Island.) 



Saratoga National Historical Park 
R.D. 1, Box 113-C, Stillwater, NY 12170. 

Scene of an American victory over 
the British in 1777; turning point of the 
Revolution and one of the decisive 



battles in world history; Gen. Philip 
Schuyler's country home. A "Living 
History" area. 

Assistance is available to handi- 
capped persons upon request. Those 
in wheelchairs will need assistance 
from the parking area to the visitor 
center as the ramp path is steep. The 
historic houses have one or two steps. 
Surfaced trails from the parking areas 
to the Freeman Farm overlook, the 
American River Fortifications Site, the 
Freeman Farm, Burgoyne's Headquar- 
ters, the Great Redoubt, and the Chat- 
field Farm Site are easily accessible 
by wheelchair. 

Persons with a heart ailment may 
encounter difficulty walking from the 
visitor center parking area to the 
visitor center, the Neilson Farm park-| 
ing area to the Neilson House, and the| 
Breymann Redoubt parking area to the 
top of the redoubt site. i 



Statue of Liberty National l\/lonument 

c/o New York City Group, National 
Park Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
NY 10005. 

Famous 152-foot copper Statue of 
Liberty bearing the torch of freedom, 
a gift of the French people in 1886 to 
commemorate the alliance of the two 
nations in the American Revolution. 
The American Museum of Immigration 
is at the base of the statue. In New 
York and New Jersey. 

The area can accommodate people 
in wheelchairs but the best time to visits 
is in the autumn and winter when it is 
not crowded. Such persons will need 
help to negotiate all steps to buildings 
on Liberty Island as well as to the ele 
vator in the Statue. Upon request ai; 
park ranger can assist. The elevator! 
runs from the first floor to the 12thfl 
floor landing. From there they can bel 
carried up six steps to the balcony?! 
where a view of the harbor may beii 
enjoyed. An excellent view of the Newii 
York City skyline, Ellis Island, marinei 
traffic, and various bridges may M 
obtained from the flagpole area. A| 
pamphlet is printed in Braille for thai 
blind. I 



i 



North Carolina 



The island is reached by ferry, which 
eaves the Battery Park landing be- 
ween Castle Clinton National Monu- 
nent and South Ferry at the lower tip 
)f Manhattan. 



''heodore Roosevelt Birthplace 
slational Historic Site 

)/o New York City Group, National 
'ark Service, 26 Wall St., New York, 
vlY 10005. 

Birthplace in 1858 of the 26th Presi- 
lent of the United States. 

Six steps down to the entrance of 
he building and two additional steps 
lown to the museum make visits by 
/heelchairs difficult without assist- 
.nce. Lobby and halls are limited in 
pace. An elevator runs to the third 
oor. Informal talks are given. (The 
ite is at 28 East 20th Street.) 



heodore Roosevelt Inaugural 
lational Historic Site 

41 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14209. 

The Ansley Wilcox House, where 
heodore Roosevelt took the oath of 
ffice as President of the United States 
n September 1 4, 1 901 , after the assas- 
ination and death of President William 
IcKinley. 

No facilities for the handicapped. 



anderbilt Mansion 
'ational Historic Site 



/o Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt 
ational Historic Site, Hyde Park, 
utchess County, NY 12538. 

Fine example of a palatial mansion 
Jilt by 19th-century financial giants. 

"Living History" area. 

Persons in wheelchairs will need as- 
stance over a curb at the parking area 
id the 12 entrance steps to the man- 
on. On request, assistance can be 
'ovided handicapped visitors to the 
'st floor. The second floor is inacces- 
ble. (The site is 6 miles north of 
Dughkeepsie.) 



Blue Ridge Parkway 



See Virginia. 



Cape Hatteras National Seashore 
P.O. Box 457, Manteo, NC 27954. 

Notable for its beaches, migratory 
waterfowl, fishing, and points of his- 
torical interest, including the Cape 
Hatteras Lighthouse overlooking the 
"Graveyard of the Atlantic." 

The Museum of the Sea at Buxton 
and the visitor center at Bodie Island 
are accessible to wheelchair occu- 
pants with assistance. They can also 
view the ocean at Oregon Inlet Bridge, 
3 miles in length, and the Cape Hat- 
teras and Bodie Island lighthouses 
from adjacent parking areas. The Cape 
Hatteras lighthouse is unsuitable to 
persons with a heart condition. This 
lighthouse is the only one in the area 
open to the public. Fishing may be 
enjoyed by wheelchair visitors at the 
concessioner-operated piers at Ro- 
danthe, Avon, and Frisco, all reached 
by long vehicular ramps from the park- 
ing areas. 



Fort Raleigh National Historic Site 



c/o Cape Hatteras National Seashore, 
P.O. Box 457, Manteo, NC 27954. 

Site of the first attempted English 
settlement in North America, Sir Wal- 
ter Raleigh's "Lost Colony," 1585-87. 

All trails with the exception of the 
Hariot Nature Trail are level and easily 
traveled. The visitor center is accessi- 
ble by ramp, but wheelchair visitors 
will need assistance to restrooms. A 
paved ramp to the waterside theater 
entrance enables them to see "The 
Lost Colony." (The site is on Roanoke 
Island north of Manteo.) 



Great Smoky Mountains National Park 
See Tennessee. 



51 



North Carolina continued 



North Dakota 



52 Guilford Courthouse 
National Military Park 



Fort Union Trading Post 
National Historic Site 



P.O. Box 9334, Plaza Station, 
Greensboro, NC 27408. 

Commemorates the battle of March 
15, 1781, marking the beginning of the 
end of the Revolutionary War. 

About half of the historical trail and 
a few park monuments are accessible 
by wheelchair. Entrance to the visitor 
center requires considerable assist- 
ance because of six steep steps. Au- 
diovisual programs and interpretive 
talks are offered. 



Moo res Creek National Military Park 
Currie, Pender County, NC 28435. 

Scene of a battle on February 27, 
1776, between North Carolina Pa- 
triots and Loyalists. The Patriot victory 
notably advanced the revolutionary 
cause in the South. 

The visitor center is readily accessi- 
ble to wheelchair users. Restroom 
doors are 28 inches wide, though there 
are no special facilities for handi- 
capped visitors. There is a hard-sur- 
faced road leading to the battlefield 
area, so wheelchair users can easily 
reach the old Patriot earthworks and 
hear the "Battle Story" at the audio 
station. The trail to the bridge site is 
earthen and accessible only in dry 
weather. Talks and conducted tours 
are offered. Picnic shelters (with rest- 
rooms) are accessible. 



Wright Brothers National Memorial 

c/o Cape Hatteras National Seashore, 
P.O. Box 457, Manteo, NC 27954. 

Site of the first sustained flight by a 
heavier-than-air machine, made by 
Wilbur and Orville Wright, December 
17, 1903. 

The visitor center is accessible to 
wheelchair users by means of an en- 
trance ramp. Restrooms are accessi- 
ble provided there is assistance. The 
Wright Brothers memorial shaft is 
closed to the public. (The memorial is 
18 miles northeast of Manteo.) 



c/o Theodore Roosevelt National i 
Memorial Park, Medora, ND 58645. i 

Ruins of the principal fur-trading de 
pot in the Upper Missouri River regioi 
from 1828 to 1867. Site to be exca 
vated and part of the stockade to b« 
restored. In North Dakota and Montans 

A trail through the area is accessible 
to visitors in wheelchairs. No othe 
Federal facilities as yet. (The site i 
25 miles southwest of Williston.) 



Theodore Roosevelt 
National Memorial Park 

Medora, ND 58645. 

Park contains scenic badlands alon 
the Little Missouri River and part ( 
Theodore Roosevelt's Elkhorn Rancli 
including bison and some of the orig 
nal prairie. 

South Unit Visitor Center and th 
ranger station at the North Unit ar 
accessible by wheelchair. The Maltes. 
Cross Cabin, directly behind the vis 
tor center, is accessible to 27-incli 
wide wheelchairs. Wheelchair visito I 
have access to two campground! 
three picnic areas, and about 12 seen i 
overlooks. Nature trails are too steel 
for wheelchair use. Audiovisual prl 
grams are offered at the visitor cente 
Interpretive talks and campfire pr 
grams are held at both campground 



Lva:^;.^^«<«»*HMa-jafcBia«a!Ki^^?ae iM»ii[u« rittv^aattA^^t^r^iJi^.^r^i's^m a#«Km^'-«:; 




Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park 



I 



Ohio 



Mound City Group National Monument 
P.O. Box 327, Chillicothe, OH 45601. 

Large group of mounds built 300 B.C. 
to A.D. 600 by the Indians primarily as 
IB burial place for their dead. 

All facilities are accessible by wheel- 
^chair except the observation deck of 
Ithe visitor center and the river trail, 
swhich is reached by 45 steps. The ob- 
Iservation deck recording is audible 
Jfrom the patio below, however. The 
Iparking area, which has a curb ramp, 
is 100 feet from the visitor center. 
Restroom facilities are reached from 
the lobby through 33-inch doors. In- 
terior doors on cubicles allow 22-inch 
passage. A sloping walkway from the 
visitor center to the mound area may 
present difficulties to unaccompanied 
persons in wheelchairs and those with 
a serious heart ailment. Once there, 
the Mica Grave exhibit can be easily 
viewed. The grassy turf In the mound 
area is not easily traversed by wheel- 
chairs. Interpretive talks can be ar- 
|ranged when an adequate park staff is 
[available. 




Perry's Victory and International 
Peace Memorial National Monument 

P.O. Box 78, Put-in-Bay, OH 43456. 

Memorial near the site where Com- 
modore Oliver H. Perry won the great- 
est naval victory of the War of 1812; 
commemorates more than a century 
and a half of peace between Canada, 
Great Britain, and the United States. 

The monument is on South Bass Is- 
land. The nearest dock is 4 miles from 
the mainland. The memorial column is 
inaccessible to wheelchair visitors and 
heart patients because of about 50 
steps from the entrance to the elevator. 
A small temporary visitor contact sta- 
tion is located on ground level near 
the base of the memorial where inter- 
pretative programs are available to 
those unable to visit the memorial it- 
self. Comfort stations are at ground 
level at the base of the memorial. 
Doors are 28 inches wide and hand- 
grips are provided in one stall in each 
of the ladies' and men's restrooms. A 
resident registered nurse is on the 
island. Nearest hospital is at Port Clin- 
ton, 8 miles away. Patients must be 
flown to the hospital. 



William Howard Taft 

National Historic Site 

P.O. Box 19072, Cincinnati, OH 45219. 

Birthplace and early home of the 
27th President of the United States, 
1909-13, and Chief Justice, 1921-30. 

Five steps up from the street fol- 
lowed by five more steps up to the 
house make this a very difficult place 
for a wheelchair. The cramped quar- 
ters in some passageways also make 
maneuvering in the house itself diffi- 
cult. There are no special facilities for 
other types of handicapped persons. 
(The home is at 2038 Auburn Avenue.) 



53 



iPerry's Victory 



Oklahoma 



Oregon 



54 Piatt National Park and Arbuckle 
National Recreation Area 

P.O. Box 201, Sulphur, OK 73086. 

Numerous cold mineral- and fresh- 
water springs, including bromide wa- 
ters. The recreation area, surrounding 
the manmade Lake of the Arbuckles, is 
nearby. 

All scenic overlooks but one are ac- 
cessible to wheelchairs. Travertine Na- 
ture Center, Bromide Pavilion, Black 
Sulphur Springs, Sulphur Falls, and 
Flower Park are also accessible. 
Wheelchair occupants will need help 
over the nature center parking area 
curb. Closest parking space to the 
single-story nature center door is 225 
feet away; the nearest unloading 
space, 115 feet. Restroom doors are 
adequate. One stall in the men's and 
women's restrooms has a wide door 
opening outward, plus an assist bar 
on the wall. Picnic, comfort, and camp- 
ing facilities are also accessible to 
wheelchairs. Most walks from parking 
areas to tables are level. Most trails 
are level and wide enough for wheel- 
chairs. Oxygen is available at the fire 
cache near park headquarters. Nurse, 
doctor, ambulance services, and hos- 
pital facilities are available at Sulphur. 



Crater Lake National Park 



i 




c/o Klamath Falls Group, National 
Park Service, P.O. Box 128, Klamath 
Falls, OR 97601. 



! 



Lake of unique blue in the heart of 
a once-active volcano; encircled by 
multicolored lava walls, 500 to 2,Oo6 
feet high. n 

The best way for the handicapped 
to see this rugged park is by car fronr* 
the many overlooks. Wheelchair users 
also can enjoy the level walk along th^ 
Crater Rim. There are handrails on th^ 
administration building stairway. A mo- 
tor nature trail runs from Vidae Fall toi 
Lost Creek. A ramp crosses the curb 
at the cafeteria. The lodge has no fa^ 
cilities for wheelchair users above the' 
main floor. Amphitheater programs are 
accessible to them, but conducted 
trips and self-guiding paths are not be-j 
cause of wilderness conditions. (The' 
park is 69 miles from Medford.) 



Fort Clatsop National Memorial 

Route 3, Box 604-FC, Astoria, OR 
97103. 

Site of the winter encampment of the 
Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805-6. A 
"Living History" area. i 

The visitor center is accessible by! 
wheelchair. A 20-minute slide-program! 
Is given in the visitor center. The canoe 
landing trail descends 30 feet in 24C! 
yards and may be too steep for some! 
heart patients. I 



Crater Lake 



1 



Pennsylvania 



McLoughlin House National Historic 
Site 

Oregon City, OR 97045. 

Home of Dr. John McLoughiin, 1847- 
57, the "Father of Oregon," prominent 
in development of the Pacific North- 
west as chief factor of Fort Vancouver. 

Once up the two front steps, the 
ground floor can be seen by wheel- 
chair. The second floor, however, can 
only be reached by a long stairway. 
(The house is in McLoughlin Park, be- 
tween Seventh and Eighth Streets.) 



Oregon Caves National l\/lonument 

c/o Klamath Falls Group, National Park 
Service, P.O. Box 128, Klamath Falls, 
OR 97601. 

Cave passages in limestone with in- 
tricate flowstone formations. 

The narrow passages and ladders 
make the cave tour inaccessible by 
wheelchair and inadvisable for those 
with ambulatory, claustrophobic, or 
heart ailments. The rustic lodging and 
restaurant facilities do not lend them- 
selves to use by the handicapped. (The 
monument is near Cave Junction.) 




Alleglieny Portage Railroad 
National Historic Site 

P.O. Box 247, Cresson, PA 16630. 

Traces and structures of the Alle- 
gheny Portage Railroad built 1831-34, 
to lift passengers and cargoes of Penn- 
sylvania canalboats over the Allegheny 
Mountains. 

The Lemon House near Cresson, 
which serves as the visitor center, and 
two walking trails are accessible by 
wheelchair. The women's restroom 
door is 32 inches wide. The men's 
restroom is not accessible by wheel- 
chair. There is a wheelchair ramp at 
the summit picnic parking area. 



Delawnre Water Gap 
National Recreation Area 

See New Jersey. 



Fort Necessity National Battlefield 

c/o Allegheny Portage Railroad 
National Historic Site, P.O. Box 247, 
Cresson, PA 16630. 

Scene of the opening battle of the 
French and Indian War, in which Col. 
George Washington and his Colonial 
troops engaged French troops assisted 
by Indians, July 3, 1754. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

The fort. Mount Washington Tavern 
Museum, and the visitor center are 
within easy access of parking areas. 
Interpretive talks are given at all three 
locations. There is a wheelchair ramp 
at the visitor center parking area, but 
assistance will be required to negoti- 
ate the one step at the visitor center 
entrance. Double doors provide access 
to the visitor center; restroom access 
is 28 inches wide. Wheelchair visitors 
also will need help over the two steps 
at the museum entrance. Only the first 
floor is accessible to them. (The bat- 
tlefield is 11 miles east of Uniontown.) 



55 



I McLoughlin House 



Pennsylvania continued 



56 Gettysburg National Military Park 
P.O. Box 70, Gettysburg, PA 17325. 

Site of the great Civil War battle of 
July 1-3, 1863, which repulsed the 
Confederate invasion of the North. A 
"Living History" area. 

The visitor center and the Cyclorama 
platform are accessible by wheelchair. 
The walking tour at the Angle, the 
Virginia Memorial, the North Carolina 
Memorial, Devil's Den (partial), and 
the Peace Light (partial) are easily 
available to those in wheelchairs. Au- 
diovisual programs, interpretive talks, 
and campfire programs are conducted. 



Hopewell Village 
National Historic Site 

R.D. 1, Box 315, Elverson, PA 19520. 

One of the finest examples of a rural 
American 19th-century ironmaking vil- 
lage; includes the blast furnace and its 
auxiliary structures. A "Living History" 
area. 

Handicapped persons may take the 
village tour either by automobile, ac- 
companied by a park ranger, or by 
wheelchair to the bottom of the hill 
and returning by car. The easiest way 
for persons using wheelchairs to start 
the tour is from the rear of the village 
where the ground is level. All steps in 
the village have handrails. Instructions 
on how to get there are available at the 
information desk in the visitor center. 
A wheelchair is available. Vehicles may 
be driven up to the curb around the 
visitor center parking area so persons 
may get out directly onto the sidewalk. 
The visitor center and all historic 
buildings are easily accessible to 
wheelchair users except the iron mas- 
ter's mansion, which has two steps to 
the front porch. The width of restroom 
doors is 33 inches. The nature trail is 
an easy y2-mile walk, but is too narrow 
and rough for wheelchairs. The trail 
has no handrails. Audiovisual pro- 
grams are offered at the visitor center; 
interpretive recorded talks at the main 
points of interest along the walking 
tour path; and scheduled campfire 
programs at the anthracite furnace. 
Many historic objects and buildings 
may be touched by the blind. 



Independence National Historical Park 
313 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19106. 

Structures and properties in the old 
part of Philadelphia associated with 
the American Revolution and the 
founding and growth of the United 
States, including Independence Hall, 
the Liberty Bell, Congress Hall, Old 
City Hall, and Independence Square. 

The park is accessible to persons in 
wheelchairs if they can negotiate the 
curbs. Only the first floor of the his- 
torical buildings are accessible to such 
persons, but they will need assistance 
up the single entrance steps to the 
east and west wings of Independence 
Hall. A ramp and a wheelchair are 
available on request in Independence 
Hall. The restrooms in the First Bank 
of the United States Visitor Center 
have wide booths with handrails for 
handicapped persons. 

The stairs to the second floor of 
Congress Hall and the outside steps 
to the Second Bank of the United 
States may be difficult for persons with 
a heart condition. Oxygen is available 
to heart patients, and the Philadelphia 
Rescue Squad is but moments away. 



Johnstown Flood National Memorial 

c/o Allegheny Portage Railroad 
National Historic Site, P.O. Box 247, 
Cresson, PA 16630. 

Remnants of the earthen dam which 
burst on May 31, 1889, causing the 
devastating flood of Johnstown and 
nearby communities. 

The level top of the south remnant 
is within easy access of the parking 
area. The north remnant is not easily 
accessible because of uneven roads. 
There is one interpretive marker. (The 
memorial is in Johnstown.) 



Puerto Rico 



Rhode Island 



S an Juan National Historic Site 

P.O. Box 712, Old San Juan, PR 00902. 

Massive masonry fortifications, old- 
est in the United States, begun by the 
Spanish in the 16th century to protect 
a strategic harbor guarding the sea 
lanes to the wealth of the New World. 

The main level of El Morro Castle is 
accessible by wheelchair. There is one 
step up to the restrooms. Public roads 
offer views of the forts and city walls. 
Ramps lead to the main parts of San 
Cristobal fortress and El Morro but 
the gradient is more than 8 percent. 
Only the main levels are accessible to 
persons with a serious heart ailment. 



Touro Synagogue 
National Historic Site 



57 




San Juan 



85 Touro Street, Newport, Rl 02840. 

Rich in historical association and 
one of the finest examples of colonial 
religious architecture. Place of wor- 
ship for Congregation Jeshuat Israel, 
Newport. 

Wheelchair visitors will need help 
to get up four steps at the entrance. 
Wheelchairs can be used inside to view 
the interior of the building. 




Touro Synagogue 



South Carolina 



South Dakota 



58 



Cowpens National Battlefield Site 



c/o Kings Mountain National Military 
Park, P.O. Box 31, Kings Mountain, NC 
28086. 

Site of Gen. Daniel Morgan's victory 
over British Col. Banastre Tarleton on 
January 17, 1781. 

Easily accessible to persons in 
wheelchairs. Audio programs are of- 
fered. (The site is 2 miles southeast of 
Chesnee, S.C.) 



Fort Sumter National Monument 

Drawer R, Sullivans Island, SC 29482. 

Scene of opening engagement of the 
Civil War, April 12, 1861. Monument 
also includes Fort Moultrie, site of a 
decisive engagement during the Rev- 
olution, June 28, 1776. 

Embarking and disembarking from 
a concessioner boat with elevated 
gangplanks, and steep steps make a 
visit to Fort Sumter difficult for heart 
patients. The fort is inaccessible to 
wheelchairs. The museum has a flight 
of steep steps but a temporary mu- 
seum at Fort Moultrie is accessible to 
wheelchair users. 



Kings Mountain National Military Park 

P.O. Box 31, Kings Mountain, NC 
28086. 

Site of an important victory for 
American frontiersmen at a critical 
point during the Revolution, October 
7, 1780. 

There are two 4-inch steps to the 
visitor center porch and one 4-inch 
step to the main entrance, all of which 
can be negotiated by wheelchairs with 
assistance. The audiovisual program 
presented downstairs is inaccessible 
to persons in wheelchairs. The battle- 
field trail is too steep for visitors with 
a heart ailment, but it can be traversed 
by wheelchairs with assistance. (The 
park is located in South Carolina about 
5 miles from the town of Kings Moun- 
tain, N.C.) 



Badlands National Monument 
P.O. Box 72, Interior, SD 57750. 



i 



Ruggedly eroded, layered sedimen-i 
tary deposits containing great numbersi 
of prehistoric animal fossils. 3 

Ramps cross a parking area curb; 
and three steps near the visitor cen-{ 
ter. Door openings, including those toj 
the restrooms, are more than adequate.! 
Cedar Pass Lodge has a curb ramp andi 
an entrance at curb level. Each public 
building is on one floor. Of 18 view- 
points and scenic overlooks, all but 
two are accessible. The Fossil Exhibit 
Loop Trail is accessible for about two- 
thirds of its distance. An interpretive 
shelter and wayside exhibit at the end 
of the trail loop can be reached from 
the right leg of the loop over a slight 
approach grade. Audiovisual programs 
are offered in the visitor center. Ce- 
dar Pass Campground Amphitheater, 
reached by a paved path from the 
parking area, has campfire programs. 



Jewel Cave National Monument 

c/o Wind Cave National Park, 
Hot Springs, SD 57747. 



! 



\ 



Caverns in limestone formation con- 
sisting of a series of colorful chambers^ 
connected by narrow passages; many 
side galleries. * 

All public buildings, facilities, and 
significant features are inaccessible to 
wheelchair visitors without assistance 
at the present time. A new visitor cen^ 
ter scheduled to open in the springj 
of 1972 will be accessible for all handi-' 
capped persons. 

Average elevation of main park fea- 
tures: 5,400 feet. The cave tour is tyn-j 
suitable for wheelchair visitors, per- 
sons with a heart ailment, and thosel 
recovering from recent hospitalization. 
(The monument is near Custer.) 



Mount Rushmore National Memorial 
Keystone, SD 57751. \ 

Colossal features of Presidents] 
George Washington, Thomas Jeffer-j 
son, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore! 



t 

Roosevelt sculptured by Gutzon Borg- 
lum on a granite mountain. 

Gently sloping ramps over the curb 
west of Parking Lot 1 , at the visitor cen- 
ter terrace, and the concession build- 
ing facilitate wheelchair passage. Help 
is needed, however, on the steep, up- 
hill, 200-yard approach trail. Handrails 
are furnished on trails, which originate 
at the east end of Parking Lot 1 and 
near the visitor center. From the ter- 
race, the visitor center and administra- 
tive offices are readily accessible. 
Restroom doors are snug but ade- 
quate. Regular, taped interpretive talks 
are presented at the visitor center. 
The best viewing points for the sculp- 
ture are at the visitor center and con- 
cession building. Special arrangements 
can be made to transport persons in 
wheelchairs and those with bronchial 
or heart conditions to the amphitheater. 
Elevation of most facilities: 5,250 
feet. Oxygen is available for heart pa- 
tients in the visitor center, but the 
closest medical facilities are 22 miles 
way at Rapid City. 



Tennessee 



t 



Wind Cave National Parf< 



Hot Springs, SD 57747. 

Limestone caverns in the scenic 
Black Hills, decorated by beautiful 
boxwork and calcite crystal formations. 

Wheelchair visitors may enjoy two 
wayside exhibits and seven interpre- 
tive signs, all with overlooks. These 
visitors will need assistance over the 
parking area curb and a 4-inch step 
to the concrete level around the visi- 
tor center. There is one additional step 
to the museum and concessioner shop. 
Restrooms, on the floor below are 
reached by a flight of steps. Campfire 
programs are available at Elk Moun- 
tain Campground. Every attempt is 
made, when manpower is available, to 
provide wheelchair visitors with a short 
cave tour by use of an elevator into 
and out of the Garden of Eden section. 

Average elevation of main park fea- 
tures: 4,000 feet. Visits to the cave, 200 
feet below ground level, are not advis- 
able for persons with a heart ailment. 



Andrew Johnson National Historic Site 
Depot St., Greeneville, TN 37743. 

President Andrew Johnson's home, 
tailor shop, and grave. 

On request, park interpreters will 
provide deaf persons with writing pads 
for questions and answers. The area 
may be reached by automobile. All 
roads are level, with the exception of 
Andrew Johnson cemetery, a unit of 
the park. The presidential burial plot 
is reached by eight steep steps. As- 
sistance will be required for persons 
in wheelchairs to enter the visitor cen- 
ter and the homestead because of one 
or two steps down to the pathways and 
up to the entrance doors. The second 
floor of the homestead is not accessi- 
ble, but the basement kitchen, at the 
rear of the house, is accessible. 



Chickamauga and Chattanooga 
National Military Park 



See Georgia. 



Cumberland Gap 
National Historical Park 



See Kentucky. 



Fort Donelson National Military Park 
P.O. Box F, Dover, TN 37058. 

Scene of the first major victory for 
the Union Army in the Civil War. A 
"Living History" area. 

The ground level of the visitor cen- 
ter, which includes the lobby and the 
theater, is accessible by wheelchair. 
Audiovisual programs and interpretive 
talks are given. Significant features of 
the park tour can be seen from a car. 



59 



Tennessee continued 



60 Great Smoky Mountains National Parl< Shiloh National Military Park 



Gatlinburg, TN 37738. 

Loftiest range east of the Black Hills, 
one of the oldest uplands on earth. 
Diversified and luxuriant plantlife, often 
of extraordinary size. A "Living His- 
tory" area. In North Carolina and Ten- 
nessee. 

Scenic overlooks along the major 
roads, the John P. Cable Mill area, and 
Cades Cove are accessible by wheel- 
chair, as is the Cades Cove orienta- 
tion shelter. 

The visitor center at Oconaluftee 
has two 6-inch steps, one to the porch 
and the other to the entrance sill. 
Wheelchair visitors n^iay enjoy the 
scenic overlooks along major roads 
and at Pioneer Farmstead, Ocona- 
luftee. During wet weather wheelchairs 
will have to be pushed over the com- 
pacted gravel walks within the Farm- 
stead area. Upon request, park person- 
nel can assist. 

The Sugarlands Visitor Center has 
one short entrance step where wheel- 
chair occupants will need assistance. 
The trails and the walk to Clingman's 
Dome Tower is too strenuous lor per- 
sons with a heart condition. 



Natchez Trace Parkway 
See Mississippi. 




Shiloh, TN 38376. 

Battlefield of Shiloh, near Pittsburg 
Landing, where a bitter battle fought 
on April 6-7, 1862, prepared the way 
for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's successful 
siege of Vicksburg; also well-preserved 
Indian mounds. 

On request, a park ranger will help 
to give handicapped persons a com- 
fortable tour of visitor center facilities. 
The main parking area has 20 parking 
spaces adjacent to level walks leading 
to the visitor center. Ramps over the 
parking area curb and over the visitor 
center steps assure an easy approach 
by wheelchair. The center has an au- 
ditorium and exhibit room. A 30-minute 
movie, "Shiloh, Portrait of a Battle," 
is presented. Major battlefield points 
of interest can be seen by car. 



Stones River National Battlefield 

P.O. Box 1039, Murfreesboro, TN 
37130. 

Scene of a fierce battle, December 
31, 1862-January 2, 1863, which began 
the Federal offensive to trisect the 
Confederacy. 

A ramp (painted yellow for better 
visibility) extends from the parking 
area to the visitor center walk. Wheel- 
chair visitors will need help up the 
restroom step. Restroom doors are 56 
inches wide; booth doors, 24 inches. 
There are exhibits and audiovisual pro- 
grams. The battlefield generally can be 
seen by car with the help of a self- 
guiding tour folder but some points of 
interest are accessible only on foot. 



( 



Great Smoky Mountains 



Texas 



Amistad National Recreation Area 
P.O. Box 1463, Del Rio, TX 78840. 

Contains the United States part of 
the Amistad Reservoir on the Rio 
Grande. 

Wheelchair visitors can fish from 
certain points along the shore. They 
can also be pushed onto the courtesy 
dock. From there, they have access to 
boats, with assistance. Restrooms are 
inadequate for wheelchairs. 



Big Bend National Park 

Big Bend National Park, TX 79834. 

Spectacular mountain and desert 
scenery; variety of unusual geological 
features; enclosed in the great bend 
of the Rio Grande. 

The administration building and its 
restrooms at Panther Junction are ac- 
cessible to wheelchairs; the first aid 
room is accessible from the rear of the 
building. Also accessible are rest- 
rooms at Rio Grande Village, Castolon, 
and Chisos Basin. (Other restrooms 
are inaccessible to wheelchairs.) All 
eating and sleeping facilities have at 
least one step at entrances. At the 
lodge, non-ambulatory persons can be 
accommodated readily, as the lobby, 
dining room, and patio are at sidewalk 
level. The Rio Grande Village Camp- 
ground is accessible, but the one at 
the Basin is not. The cavalry post at 
Castolon, ruins of old ranch homes, 
the deserted trading post at Hot 
Springs, as well as the Chihuahuan 
Desert, Santa Elena and Boquillas Can- 
yon, desert badlands, and the Chisos 
Mountains, may be viewed from a car. 
The approach to the only wayside 
exhibit is too steep for wheelchairs. 

Elevation along the main roads: 
1,800 to 5,800 feet. All features except 
the Chisos Mountains may be viewed 
without exceeding 4,000 feet. 



Fort Davis National Historic Site 
P.O. Box 785, Fort Davis, TX 79734. 

Key post in the West Texas fron- 
tier defensive system, 1854-91, which 
guarded immigrants on the San An- 



tonio-El Paso Road. A "Living History" 
area. 

A ramp over the parking area curb 
and another to the porch make the 
visitor center accessible by wheelchair. 
Average elevation: 4,900 feet. 



Lyndon B. Johnson 
National Historic Site 

P.O. Box 329, Johnson City, TX 78636. 

Birthplace and boyhood home of 
the 36th President of the United States, 
1963-69. 

Both homes are accessible by wheel- 
chair, but assistance will be needed 
up the rear stairs of the birthplace. 
Seeing-eye dogs are not allowed in 
the houses; park personnel will pro- 
vide guidance to the blind. 



Padre Island National Seashore 

P.O. Box 8560, Corpus Christi, TX 
78412. 

A 67.5-mile stretch of barrier island 
along the gulf coast noted for its wide 
sand beaches, fishing, and abundant 
bird and marine life. 

All parts of Malaquite Beach are 
accessible by wheelchair, except the 
view tower. The low parking curb is 
not a serious obstacle. Ramps lead 
from parking lot to concession area, 
snack bar, showers, restrooms, gift 
shop, and a 400-foot elevated walkway 
paralleling the beach. Other paved 
walks lead from the concession area 
to the beach. The beach immediately 
facing the concession area is often 
solid enough for wheelchair users to 
engage in recreational activities, such 
as beachcombing and bird watching. 



Sanford National Recreation Area 
P.O. Box 325, Sanford, TX 79078. 

Popular water activity site centered 
at manmade Lake Meredith on the 
Canadian River. 

Wheelchair users have access to 
the marina and comfort stations. 



61 



Utah 



62 Arches National Park 



c/o Canyonlands National Park, 
First Western Building, 72 South Main, 
Moab, UT 84532. 

Extraordinary rock formations pro- 
duced by erosion — giant arches, fins, 
balanced rocks. 

Numerous formations may be en- 
joyed from the 21 miles of paved 
roads. A number of overlooks are suit- 
able for wheelchair use, including Park 
Avenue, which has a short surfaced 
trail; LaSal Mountains viewpoint, 
where a short trail leads to Court- 
house Towers overlook; and the Win- 
dows Section, where most of the 
arches can be seen from the paved 
road. With assistance, a wheelchair 
visitor may see all the arches in this 
section over a surfaced trail. Such 
features as Panorama viewpoint. Bal- 
anced Rock, and Wolfe Cabin may be 
seen from the road. The visitor center, 
where audiovisual programs are of- 
fered, is accessible by ramp. Rest- 
room doors are wide enough for 
wheelchairs. Talks are given at Dev- 
ils Garden campfire programs. 

Average elevation of main features: 
5,000 feet. Delicate Arch, reached by 
a 1V2-mile trail with a rise of 500 feet, 
and the route through the Fiery Fur- 
nace area, a 2-mile walk over rough 
terrain, are unsuitable for persons with 
a heart ailment. Delicate Arch may be 
seen from an overlook. (The monu- 
ment is 5 miles northwest of Moab.) 



Bryce Canyon National Park 
Bryce Canyon, UT 84717. 

Innumerable, highly colored and gro- 
tesque pinnacles, walls, and spires, 
perhaps the most colorful and unusual 
erosional forms in the world, in horse- 
shoe-shaped amphitheaters along the 
edge of the Paunsaugunt Plateau. 

Handicapped visitors may enjoy this 
area with a minimum of physical exer- 
tion. Steps to the visitor center have 
handrails. Width of restroom doors is 
36 inches outside and 24 inches inside. 
Parking area curbs at the visitor cen- 
ter and Sunset Point have ramps. Fair- 
view and Natural Bridge overlooks are 
also accessible. 



Elevations: 8,000 to 9,000 feet. Oxy- 
gen is carried on all nature walks and 
in emergency vehicles. A registered 
nurse is on duty from June 1 through 
Labor Day. Visitor protection includes 
ambulance service to the hospital and 
nearest doctor 26 miles away. 



Canyonlands National Park 

First Western BIdg., 72 South Main, 
Moab, UT 84532. 

Geological wonderland of rocks, 
spires, and mesas rising more than 
7,800 feet. Extensive petroglyphs made 
by Indians about 1,000 years ago. 

Squaw Flat area, in the Needles Dis- 
trict, and The Neck, Grand View Point, 
and Green River Overlook, in Island 
District, are accessible to the handi- 
capped by car. There are no park facili- 
ties yet available. Information trailers 
serve as visitor centers in both the 
Island and Needles Districts. Camp- 
grounds in both districts have pit toilets 
and picnic tables, but no special fa- 
cilities for the handicapped. Since all 
trails have steep pitches, they are not 
suitable for persons with heart trouble 
or respiratory ailments. Limited oxygen 
equipment is maintained in the infor- 
mation trailers. Nearest professional 
medical services: for the Island District, 
at Moab, about 35 miles distant; for the 
Needles District, at Monticello, about 
50 miles. 

Elevations: From 5,000 feet in the 
Needles District to 6,000 in the Island 
District. 



Capitol Reef National Park 
Torrey.UT 84775. 

Sixty-mile uplift of sandstone cliffs 
with highly colored sedimentary forma- 
tions dissected by narrow, high-walled 
gorges. 

Visitor center and two interpretive 
shelters at Capitol Gorge are accessi- 
ble by wheelchair as are restrooms at 
the visitor center. There are two scen- 
ic drives with wayside exhibits. 



Elevation along roads: 5,200 to 6,200 
feet, with the western approach over 
8,000 feet. Average elevation from 
which main features can be viewed: 
5,400 feet. All trails except Capitol 
Gorge, Grand Wash, and Fremont Can- 
yon are considered too strenuous for 
visitors with a heart condition. 



Cedar Breaks National Monument 

c/o Southern Utah Group, National 
Park Service, P.O. Box 749, Cedar City, 
UT 84720. 

Huge natural amphitheater eroded 
into the variegated Pink Cliffs (Wa- 
satch Formation), which are 2,000 feet 
thick at this point. 

Rim Drive overlooks are accessible 
to wheelchairs, but the visitor center 
has three steps and narrow doors on 
its comfort stations. Picnic and camp- 
ing areas are accessible to wheel- 
chairs, but walkways are unpaved. Na- 
turalist talks are given at the Point 
Supreme overlook area. 
1 Persons with a heart condition are 
cautioned that the elevation is above 
10,300 feet. Some emergency oxygen 
is available, but the nearest medical 
service is 22 miles away at Cedar City. 



Dinosaur National Monument 
See Colorado. 



Glen Canyon National Recreation Area 
See Arizona. 



Golden Spike National Historic Site 
P.O. Box 639, Brigham City, UT 84302. 

Commemorates the completion in 
1869 of the first trans-continental rail- 
road in the United States. 



Handicapped persons can enjoy this 
area with a minimum of physical exer- 
tion. The single-story visitor center, 
level with the sidewalk, is accessible 
to all. It is 35 feet from the parking area, 
and has double doors that open long 
enough to permit passage of wheel- 
chairs. Vending machines are on the 
ground-level porch. Two restroom 
stalls with handrails are suitable for 
wheelchair visitors. Width of outside 
doors is 32 inches; inside, 24 inches. 
Some exhibits are in open cases or on 
open stands, inviting tactile examina- 
tion by the blind. 

Elevation: 5,000 feet. Oxygen is 
available in the visitor center. Nurse, 
doctor, ambulance services, and hos- 
pital facilities are available in Brigham 
City, 35 miles distant. Emergency cases 
may be admitted to the Thiokol Chemi- 
cal Plant, 10 miles away. 



Hovenweep National Monument 



63 



See Colorado. 



Natural Bridges National Monument 

c/o Canyonlands National Park, 
First Western BIdg., 72 South Main, 
Moab, UT 84532. 

Three natural bridges carved out of 
sandstone; the highest is 220 feet 
above the streambed, with a span of 
268 feet. 

The 8-mile, one-way loop road fol- 
lowing the canyon rims to the various 
natural bridge overlooks are accessi- 
ble to the handicapped by automobile. 
Concrete scenic walks or foot trails, 
100 to 200 yards long and at least 5 
feet wide, lead to fenced observation 
platforms where wheelchair visitors 
may obtain good views of the bridges. 
Assistance may be needed on some 
of the steeper foot trails. A visitor cen- 
ter with exhibits and audiovisual pro- 
grams is also accessible. A relief map 
in the center is available to the blind. 
Restrooms accommodate wheelchairs. 
Campfire programs are scheduled in 
summer. 



Utah continued 



64 Rainbow Bridge National Monument 

c/o Glen Canyon National Recreation 
Area, P.O. Box 1507, Page, AZ 86040. 

Greatest of the world's known nat- 
ural bridges, a symmetrical arch of 
salmon-pink sandstone, rising 309 feet 
above the gorge. 

No facilities for the handicapped. 
(The monument is 55 miles by water 
from Wahweap or Halls Crossing, fol- 
lowed by a 1-miie trail from the landing 
on Lake Powell.) 



Timpanogos Cave National Monument 

R.R. 1, Box 200, American Fork, UT 
84003. 

Limestone cavern on the side of 
Mount Timpanogos; noted for its col- 
oring and helictite formations. 

Visitor center is accessible by wheel- 
chair. A parking area ramp leads to an 
inclined walk, with less than a 6-per- 
cent gradient, to the front entrance. 
Park Service personnel at the visitor 
center information desk will assist the 
handicapped. Visitor center main 
doors are 8 yards from the parking lot. 
The lobby, auditorium, exhibit room, 
and restrooms are all on the same 
floor level. Restroom doors are 31 
inches wide outside, and 24V2 inches 
inside. Wheelchair visitors will need 
assistance over a step to the food ser- 
vice, curio shop, and patio, but will 
have little trouble traveling graded and 
paved paths to the picnic area. A trip 
through the caves is impractical for 
visitors in wheelchairs and for the blind 
because of the steepness of the access 
trail and numerous low-ceilinged areas. 
Evening interpretive programs are of- 
fered in summer. 

Elevation of visitor center: 5,665 
feet; at the cave: 6,730 feet. Emer- 
gency oxygen is available at the visitor 
center. Physicians' services and all 
types of medical facilities are avail- 
able 7 miles away at American Fork 
Hospital. 



Zion National Park 



Springdale, UT 84767. 

Colorful canyon and mesa scenery; 
erosion and rock-fault patterns create 
phenomenal shapes and landscapes; 
former volcanic activity. 

This park offers the handicapped a 
wide variety of experiences. The visi- 
tor center provides a museum, infor- 
mation and sales counter, audiovisual 
program, and restrooms, all designed 
for access by wheelchair. Eating facili- 
ties are available at Zion Lodge and 
Zion Inn, and just outside the south en- 
trance in Springdale. Wheelchair visi- 
tors will need assistance over four 
steps at Zion Inn. The ground floor of 
Zion Lodge, with a soda fountain, gift 
shops, reservations desk, auditorium, 
and restrooms, is readily accessible. 

There are many trails but the Nar- 
rows Trail is best suited for the handi- 
capped. It is a paved, relatively level 
trail leading 1 mile up the canyon from 
the end of Zion Canyon Drive. Summer 
programs include evening talks at the 
South and Watchman campgrounds, 
and a conducted walk along the Nar- 
rows Trail. 

Elevation of three paved roads: 3,600 
to 6,500 feet. The popular Zion Canyon 
Drive is below 4,400 feet. The back 
country is accessible only by stren- 
uous hiking or riding and is unsafe for 
visitors with a serious heart condition. 
Nearest medical facilities are at Hur- 
ricane, 25 miles away. 




Zion 



Virginia 



Appomattox Court House 
National Historical Park 



P.O. Box 218, Appomattox, VA 24522. 

Scene of the surrender on April 9, 
1865, to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant 
of the Confederate Army of Virginia 
under Gen. Robert E. Lee. 

A ramp over the parking area curb 
enables wheelchair users to reach the 
gravel-on-asphalt path to the visitor 
center, about 75 yards away. They will 
need assistance over a low step into 
the center. Only the lower floor, with 
a manned information desk, sales cen- 
ter, and historic painting of Lee and 
Grant, is accessible. Restrooms with 
doors wide enough for wheelchairs, 
are located behind the Clover Hill Tav- 
ern. Wheelchair visitors may take the 
walking tour of the town, but steps, 
varying from two to nine at many of 
the historic structures, limit entry. Sig- 
nificant features outside the village 
can be seen by car. A wheelchair is 
available at the visitor center. 



Assateague Island National Seashore 
See Maryland. 



Blue Ridge Parkway 

Suite 703, Northwest Bank BIdg., 
Asheville, NC 28801. 

Scenic parkway following the Blue 
Ridge Mountains and embracing sever- 
al recreational areas; preserves moun- 
tain folk culture. A "Living History" 
area. In Virginia and North Carolina. 

The parkway offers the handicapped 
enjoyable day-use trips. There are 230 
overlooks on the 469-mile scenic mo- 
tor road. Parallel parking provides 
easy access over low curbs for wheel- 
chairs taken from cars directly to 
paved overlooks. Interpretive signs can 
be read from the car. The parkway's 
overlooks include such features as the 
James River and its canal locks, the 
Peaks of Otter, Mabry Mill, Grandfa- 
ther Mountain, Mount Mitchell, and 
Craggy Gardens wild rhododendron 
field. 



Lodging is not accessible to unas- 
sisted wheelchair visitors. Reservations 
can be made for persons needing as- 
sistance. The James River Visitor Cen- 
ter, the Peaks of Otter camp store and 
gift shop, the Bluffs Coffee Shop and 
photo and craft shop. Cherry Hill Cof- 
fee Shop, Crabtree Meadows Coffee 
and Gift Shops and camp store, and 
the Craggy Gardens Visitor Center are 
accessible to wheelchair users. Most 
comfort stations and gas station rest- 
rooms are accessible with minimum 
assistance. There are no handrails. 
Evening campfire talks are given in 
summer at Otter Creek, Peaks of Ot- 
ter, Rocky Knob, Doughton Park, Price 
Park, Crabtree Meadows, and Mount 
Pisgah. There are several nature walks 
and self-guiding trails accessible by 
wheelchairs. The following foot trails 
are unsuitable for use by those with a 
heart condition: Humpback Rocks, Flat 
Top Mountain, Sharp Top Mountain, 
Harkening Hill, Elk Run, Rocky Knob, 
Cascades, Green Knob, Flat Rock, 
Craggy Gardens, Waterrock Knob, and 
Devils Courthouse. 



Booker T. Washington 
National Monument 

Route 1, Box 195, Hardy, VA 24101. 

Site of the birthplace and childhood 
home of the famous black leader and 
educator. A "Living Farm" area. 

The visitor center is only 150 feet 
from the parking lot, but wheelchair 
users may need help over a 1-inch 
curb. Visitor center doors open to a 
6-foot width. Restroom doors are 30 
inches wide, booth doors, 24 inches. 
Visitor center steps to the self-guiding 
trail have handrails. The picnic area 
is also accessible. Audiovisual pro- 
grams and interpretive talks are offered 
in the visitor center. Conducted tours 
are given on request. Blind persons 
may touch artifacts, tools, and farm 
animals. 



65 



Virginia continued 



66 Colonial National Historical Park 
P.O. Box 210, Yorktown, VA 23490. 

Most of Jamestown Island, site of 
the first permanent English settlement 
in America; Yorktown, scene of the 
culminating battle of American Revo- 
lution, 1781; 23-mile parkway connect- 
ing these and other colonial sites with 
Williamsburg; and Cape Henry Memo- 
rial, marking approximate site of the 
first landing of the Jamestown colo- 
nists, 1607. A "Living History" area. 

Driving tours at Jamestown and 
Yorktown make much of the area avail- 
able to the handicapped. Guided tours 
at both locations are accessible to the 
less severely handicapped: There are 
wayside exhibits and audio-stations 
throughout the park. On request at the 
Jamestown entrance station or the in- 
formation desk at Yorktown Visitor 
Center, park personnel will provide as- 
sistance whenever possible. Con- 
ducted tours for handicapped groups 
can be arranged with notification. 

The visitor centers at Jamestown 
and Yorktown are generally accessible 
by wheelchair with assistance over 
curbs at the parking area. Both have 
museums and audiovisual programs. 
Restrooms are accessible but the rest- 
room booths are too narrow for vehi- 
cles. The Yorktown rooftop and ship 
exhibits are inaccessible to the severe- 
ly handicapped. 



Cumberland Gap 
National Historical Parf< 

See Kentucky. 



Custis-Lee Mansion 




c/o George Washington Memorial 
Parkway, 1400 Wilson Blvd., Suite 102, 
Arlington, VA 22209. 

Antebellum home of the Custis and 
Lee families. A "Living History" area. 

A special permit is granted handi- 
capped persons traveling by taxi or 
private conveyance to go through the 
grounds of Arlington National Ceme- 
tery to Custis-Lee Mansion. The permit 
is obtained at the Arlington National 
Cemetery Visitor Center and must be 
returned there upon leaving the ceme- 
tery. With assistance, wheelchair visi- 
tors can negotiate the four steps to the 
entrance of the conservatory, which 
leads to the main floor of the mansion 
and a good view of the Nation's Capital 
and the graves of President John F. 
Kennedy and of Pierre L'Enfant. The 
museum is accessible to wheelchair 
users. Interpretive talks and tours are 
offered. (The mansion is located In Ar- 
lington National Cemetery.) 



Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania 
County Battlefields Memorial 
National Military Park 

P.O. Box 679, Fredericksburg, VA 
22401 . 

Portions of the major Civil War bat- 
tlefields of Fredericksburg, Chancel- 
lorsville. The Wilderness, and Spotsyl- 
vania Court House. A "Living History" 
area. 

The ground-level Chancellorsville 
Visitor Center containing the museum 
is easily accessible by wheelchair. Bat- 
tlefields and wayside exhibits can be 
seen by car. The uphill walk to the ex- 
hibit shelter on Lee's Hill, Fredericks- 
burg Battlefield, is not advisable for 
visitors with a heart ailment. 



Colonial 



George Washington Birthplace 
National Monument 



c/o Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania 
County Battlefields Memorial National 
Military Park, P.O. Box 679, 
Fredericksburg, VA 22401. 

Memorial mansion and gardens on 
the site of Washington's birthplace; 
tombs of his father, grandfather, and 
great-grandfather. A "Living Farm" 
area. 

The grounds and farm area are ac- 
cessible by wheelchair, the graveyard 
and Potomac River by car. Three en- 
trance steps to the two-story memorial 
mansion limit wheelchair entry. A flight 
of steps to the second floor is steep 
and narrow. (The birthplace is 38 miles 
east of Fredericksburg.) 



Great Falls Park 

c/o George Washington Memorial 
Parkway, 1400 Wilson Blvd., Suite 102, 
Arlington, VA 22209. 

Best view of the Great Falls of the 
Potomac. A "Living History" area. 

The visitor center with audiovisual 
programs and exhibits is accessible by 
wheelchair. Trails to views of the falls 
have several rocky stairs. The falls can 
be seen from a car in the former park- 
ing and picnic area. Blind persons may 
touch natural phenomena and hear the 
roar of the falls. Special arrangements 
can be made for group wheel-in and 
touch-and-smell programs along the 
canal. Persons in wheelchairs are ad- 
vised to visit the park on weekdays 
when it is less crowded. The main path 
along the Potomac Canal is accessible 
from the parking area nearest the car- 
rousel. They can also obtain a fine 
view of the river and the falls by fol- 
lowing the trail with the 10-foot post 
showing a high-watermark sign. The 
trail is ramped almost to the overlook. 
A modern visitor center with audio- 
visual programs and exhibits is acces- 
sible to wheelchairs. (The park is about 
9 miles from Washington, D.C.) 



Manassas National Battlefield Park 

c/o Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania 
County Battlefields Memorial National 
Military Park, P.O. Box 679, 
Fredericksburg, VA 22401. 

Scene of the battles of First and 
Second Manassas (often called Bull 
Run) on July 21, 1861, and August 28- 
30, 1862. Confederate Gen. Thomas 
J. Jackson acquired his nickname 
"Stonewall" at First Manassas. 

Significant features accessible by 
wheelchair are the grounds of the 
Stone House, the Stone Bridge over 
Bull Run, Henry Hill, the area in the 
vicinity of the New York Monuments, 
the Union Monument, and the grave of 
Judith Henry. The Stone House's three 
very high entrance steps make wheel- 
chair use impossible. The four en- 
trance steps to the visitor center can 
be negotiated by wheelchair, with as- 
sistance. Visitor center restrooms are 
reached by a flight of steps. The park 
offers audiovisual programs at the visi- 
tor center, a self-guided tour of First 
Manassas, and a self-guided driving 
tour of Second Manassas. (The park 
is near the town of Manassas.) 



Petersburg National Battlefield 
P.O. Box 549, Petersburg, VA 23803. 

Scene of the "Battle of the Crater" 
and the 10-month Union campaign, 
1864-65, to seize Petersburg, railroad 
center supplying Richmond and Gen. 
Robert E. Lee's army. A "Living His- 
tory" area. 

The main floor of the ground level 
museum is accessible by wheelchair. 
Access to the restrooms in the base- 
ment is by ramp. Earthworks can be 
viewed by car. About 1,000 feet of 
Meade Station Trail is posted at inter- 
vals with Braille signs. 



67 



Virginia continued 



68 Prince William Forest Park 

P.O. Box 208, Triangle, VA 22172. 

A haven of shade and quiet. 

The park may be enjoyed by car 
over paved or graveled roads. Camp- 
fire programs are held at Oak Ridge 
campground. The park also has a trail- 
er village. 



Richmond National Battlefield Park 



3215 East Broad St. 
23223. 



Richmond, VA 



Scene of several battles to capture 
the Confederate capital during the 
Civil War. 

Visitor centers at Fort Harrison 
and Cold Harbor and the audio stations 
at Chickahominy Bluffs and Malvern 
Hill are accessible by wheelchair. Self- 
guiding paths to Fort Harrison and 
Fort Brady and the parking turnouts at 
Fort Johnson, Fort Hoke, and Fort 
Gilmer can be enjoyed by wheelchair 
visitors. 



Shenandoah National Park 
Luray,VA 22835. 

Outstanding portion of the Blue 
Ridge Mountains with Skyline Drive 
on or near the crest; magnificent vis- 
tas of the historic Shenandoah Valley 
and the Piedmont; hardwood forests; 
wealth of wildflowers. 

Dickey Ridge and Big Meadows Visi- 
tor Centers and all motels and restau- 
rants are accessible by wheelchair, 
with assistance over parking area 
curbs. Skyline Drive has 75 parking 
overlooks, 40 of which have interpre- 
tive signs readable from a car. 



U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial 
and Netherlands Carillon 

c/o George Washington Memorial 
Parkway, 1400 Wilson Blvd., Suite 102, 
Arlington, VA 22209. 

The U.S. Marine Corps War Memo- 
rial, dedicated to all Marines who have 
died for their country, and the Nether- 
lands Carillon, located nearby, a sym- 
bol of the Dutch gratitude to the United 
States for aid given them during and 
after World War II. 

Visitors in wheelchairs will find the 
memorials, the walks, and the lawn 
accessible. (Both are near the western 
end of the Theodore Roosevelt Bridge.) 



Wolf Trap Farm Park 
For The Performing Arts 

1551 Trap Road, Vienna, VA 22180. 

Dedicated to the performing arts \ 
and offering Filene Center with theater | 
and lawn seating among meadows and 
woodlands. i( 

Filene Center is not readily accessi- j 
ble to wheelchair visitors, but arrange- 
ments may be made at the box office 
for assistance in seating. Theater and 
box office area are adjacent to the j 
roadway. An access ramp is provided ; 
from the unloading zone. Handicapped J 
persons should go to the box office \ 
prior to the performance. Current visi- ! 
tor center and office buildings are inac- | 
cessible to wheelchair visitors. The ;i 
theater may be viewed during the day 
from level walks. 




Wolf Trap Farm Park For The Performing Arts 



Virgin Islands 



Buck Island Reef National Monument 

c/o Virgin islands National Park, 
P.O. Box 806, St. Thomas, VI 00801. 

One of the finest marine gardens in 
the Caribbean, including coral, grot- 
toes, sea fans, gorgonias, and tropical 
fishes. Underwater trail. Rookery of 
frigate birds and pelicans; habitat of 
the green turtle. 

The use of wheelchairs on Buck is- 
land is not feasible. Access is by pri- 
vate boat and charter boat usually 
boarded at the Christiansted wharf 
where vehicles can be parked approxi- 
mately 5 feet from the boats. Handi- 
capped persons should make special 
arrangements with a boat captain for 
passage. At Buck Island, visitors must 
swim or take a small dinghy to reach 
the shore. Pit toilets are unsuited for 
wheelchair visitors. 

The primitive trail is considered a 
hot hike. Oxygen and a resuscitator 
are available on the park patrol boat 
on duty daily. IVIedical, ambulance, and 
hospital facilities are in Christiansted. 
(The monument is near Christiansted, 
St. Croix.) 



Christiansted National Historic Site 
P.O. Box 160, Christiansted, VI 00820. 

Commemorates the colonial devel- 
opment of the Virgin Islands under 
Danish rule. Discovered by Christopher 
Columbus in 1493. Includes approxi- 
mately three city blocks on the Chris- 
tiansted waterfront. 

Hamilton Jackson Park and the wharf 
are accessible to wheelchair users ar- 
riving via the wharf parking area. The 
following historic structures are also 
accessible, provided designated means 
of access are used: Steeple Building, 
from Church Street via the garden and 
large doors at the rear of the building; 
Scalehouse, from the wharf parking lot, 
using the north main door; and Gov- 
ernment House, from King Street into 
the drive between the Bank of America 
and Government House. From the end 
of this drive there is easy access to 
the garden walkways. Persons in 
wheelchairs will need considerable as- 
sistance to negotiate the long flight of 



steps leading to the ballroom at Gov- 
ernment House and to the library in 
the Old Danish Customs House. Rest- 
rooms at Government House and 
Scalehouse are too narrow for wheel- 
chairs. At Fort Christiansvaern the 
handicapped are allowed to drive into 
the stable area and up to the sally 
port. The sidewalks are worn and un- 
even. Medical and ambulance services, 
hospital facilities, and oxygen are 
available in Christiansted. 



Virgin Islands National Park 

P.O. Box 806, St. Thomas, VI 00801. 

Lush green hills, quiet coves, and 
white sandy beaches covering three- 
fourths of St. John Island. Tropical 
plant and animal life; early Carib In- 
dian relics; remains of Danish colonial 
sugar plantation. 

People using wheelchairs or walking 
devices should arrive at the park by 
the public ferry and take a taxi one- 
quarter mile to the park visitor center. 
Those who wish to camp will find Cin- 
namon Bay Campground easily acces- 
sible. For rent are tents and cottages 
with all equipment furnished. Easy 
paths lead to most campsites. Rela- 
tively accessible are these picnic 
areas: Hawksnest, Trunk Bay, and 
Lameshur Bay. The park restaurant is 
on the side of a steep hill and not ac- 
cessible by wheelchair. However, those 
lodging at Caneel Bay Plantation will 
find easily accessible dining facilities. 
Non-resident handicapped visitors 
should request permission to use the 
restaurant at Caneel Bay Plantation. , 
The ground-level visitor center is 30 
feet from the parking lot and 36 feet 
from the boat dock. Entry doors are 
35 inches wide. Restroom doors are 28 
inches wide, stall doors, 23 inches. 
Oxygen, medical and ambulance serv- 
ices, and a day clinic are on hand or 
nearby in Cruz Bay on St. John. Scenic 
overlooks are reached by automobile. 



69 



Washington 



70 Coulee Dam National Recreation Area 
P.O. Box 37, Coulee Dam, WA 991 1 6. 

Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, formed 
by Grand Coulee Dam, on the Colum- 
bia River. 

Headquarters building and most 
change houses and comfort stations 
are accessible to wheelchairs. Fort 
Spokane Visitor Center, in a historic 
building, has doors wide enough for 
wheelchairs, but help is needed up two 
porch steps. Features can be seen by 
car or boat. Audiovisual programs and 
interpretive talks are offered at Spring 
Canyon, Fort Spokane, Porcupine Bay, 
Kettle Falls, and Evans Campgrounds. 

Average elevation of area features: 
1,300 feet. Oxygen is available in lim- 
ited quantities in the resuscitators at 
the guarded beaches at Spring Can- 
yon, Fort Spokane, Porcupine Bay, Ket- 
tle Falls, and Evans. Hospitals are In 
Grand Coulee, 5 miles from Spring 
Canyon Campground, Davenport, 25 
miles from Fort Spokane Campground, 
and Colville, 10 miles from Kettle Falls 
Campground. 



Fort Vancouver National Historic Site 
Vancouver, WA 98661. 

A stockaded fur trading post, for 
two decades headquarters and depot 
of the Hudson's Bay Company west 
of the Rocky Mountains and political, 
social and cultural hub of the Pacific 
Northwest. 

The walks at the visitor center are 
paved and level. A portable ramp is 
available for use over the three steps 
leading to the visitor center. Con- 
ducted trips for the blind and deaf are 
provided upon request. The fort area is 
level, but pathways are not paved. 



Mount Rainier National Park 
Longmire, WA 98397. 

A 14,410-foot dormant volcano 
capped by more than 30 square miles 
of glacial ice, ringed by dense forests 
of fir, and sprinkled with subalpine 
wildflower meadows. 



Paradise, Ohanapecosh, and Long- 
mire Visitor Centers are accessible by 
wheelchair. Many features may be 
viewed by car. Paradise Ice Caves are 
inaccessible by wheelchair, and the 
3-mile trip is inadvisable for heart pa- 
tients. Evening programs are given 
daily from July 1 through Labor Day 
at Longmire, Paradise, Ohanapecosh, 
and Sunrise. All visitor centers have 
relief models of Mount Rainier for the 
blind. Elevation of roads: 2,000 to 6,400 
feet. 



North Cascades National Park 
and Lake Chelan and Ross Lake 
National Recreation Areas 

Sedro Woolley, WA 98284. 

Wild, alpine region of deep, glaci- 
ated canyons, more than 150 active 
glaciers, hundreds of jagged peaks, 
lakes, streams, and a wide variety of 
plant and wildlife communities. 

Lake Chelan Boat Service and Ska- 
git Tours of Seattle City Light will serve 
the handicapped as part of normal op- 
erations. No facilities are available for 
the handicapped. 



Olympic National Park 



600 East Park Ave., Port Angeles, WA 
98362. 

Mountain wilderness containing the 
finest remnant of the Pacific Northwest 
rain forest; active glaciers; rare Roose- 
velt elk; Pacific shore. 

Wheelchair users may visit the Hoh 
Rain Forest Visitor Center, which is 
accessible by a ramp. Help will be 
needed over three steps to the Pio- 
neer Memorial Museum. Among the 
many park features to be seen by car 
are: mountain scenery from Hurricane 
Ridge and Obstruction Point; rain for- 
est on Hoh, Queets, and Quinault 
roads; ocean views from Kalalock 
campground, and two other overlooks 
near Kalaloch and from LaPush road. 



West Virginia 



Roosevelt elk may be seen on occa- 
sion from Hoh, Queets, and Quinault 
roads in autumn, winter, and spring. 
Gray Line Tours provides summer 
sightseeing tours to Hurricane Ridge, 
the rain forest, and the Pacific Ocean. 
Illustrated programs are presented at 
the many campfire circles but wheel- 
chair users will need help over curbs. 
Elevation: from 5,200 feet at Hurri- 
cane Ridge to 1,110 feet on U.S. 101. 



San Juan Island 
National Historical Park 

P.O. Box 549, Friday Harbor, WA 98250. 

Commemorates the peaceful rela- 
tions between the United States, Great 
Britain, and Canada since the 1872 
boundary dispute here. Includes Eng- 
lish and American military campsites. 

Steep inclines on visitor pathways 
make the park unsuitable for wheel- 
chair viewing. American camp not yet 
open to the public. 



Chesapeake & Ohio Canal 
National Historical Park 

See District of Columbia. 



Harpers Ferry National Historical Park 
P.O. Box 117, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425. 

Scenic and historic area at the con- 
fluence of the Shenandoah and Poto- 
mac Rivers in the Blue Ridge Moun- 
tains. Site of the famous John Brown 
Raid of 1859. 

All four open buildings with inter- 
pretive displays have portable ramps 
for wheelchair use. Assistance will be 
needed at the one-step restrooms. 
Restroom doors are 28 inches wide, 
stall doors, 24 inches. The other build- 
ings and ruins, which are closed to the 
public, may be seen from the street. 
Bolivar Heights is accessible by car. 
All overlooks are on steep trails and 
inadvisable for visits by persons with 
a heart ailment or in wheelchairs. 



71 



Whitman Mission National Historic Site 
Route 2, Walla Walla, WA 99362. 

Site where Dr. and Mrs. Marcus Whit- 
man ministered to the spiritual and 
physical needs of the Indians until 
massacred by a few of them in 1847. 
Landmark on the Oregon Trail. 

Once over the parking lot curb, a 
wheelchair visitor can go anywhere in 
the park, except for the steep hill part 
of the self-guiding trail. The visitor cen- 
ter is level. Restroom doors are 29 
inches wide. The museum in the visi- 
tor center will accommodate wheel- 
chairs, and the trail to the mission site 
is level and easily traveled. Audiovisual 
programs and interpretive talks at the 
visitor center. Conducted trips can be 
enjoyed by wheelchair users along the 
level part of the trail. The 500-foot 
Shaft Hill Trail is not recommended for 
persons with a heart condition. 




Harpers Ferry 



Wyoming 



72 Bighorn Canyon 

National Recreation Area 



See Montana. 



Devils Tower National Monument 
Devils Tower, WY 82714. 

An 865-foot tower of columnar rock, 
remains of a volcanic intrusion. 

The visitor center and the adminis- 
tration building are accessible by 
wheelchair once the curb has been 
negotiated. Visitor center restrooms 
are on the second floor, but wheel- 
chair users may use those in the ad- 
ministration building. Wheelchair users 
will need help on the hilly, 1 ■'/2-mile 
Tower Trail. By car they may enjoy the 
prairie dog town, two wayside exhibits 
on prairie dog ecology, and views of 
Devils Tower. The site of evening 
campfire talks is accessible to wheel- 
chairs by paved trails from the picnic 
area and campground. Audiovisual 
programs and interpretive talks are 
offered at the visitor center. A small 
model of Devils Tower is available at 
the visitor center for the blind to feel 
and touch. 

Average elevation of main features: 
4,260 feet. The trail around the base 
of the tower is rather strenuous for 
persons with a serious heart condition. 



Fort Laramie National Historic Site 
Fort Laramie, WY 82212. 

Site of fur-trading post and surviving 
buildings of the principal military post 
guarding covered wagon trails to the 
West, 1834-90. A "Living History" area. 

All of the present structures are re- 
stored historic buildings, conforming 
with original construction, and without 
level entrances, ramps, or elevators. 
But handicapped persons may enjoy 
a tour of the fort by using handrails 
along most of the stairways and steep 
segments of the self-guiding trail. 
Those in wheelchairs may visit the pa- 
rade ground, which gives a general 
view of the fort area. 



Special conducted tours and inter- 
pretive talks are given blind persons. 
On these tours objects are described 
and visitors are permitted to touch 
them. 



Grand Teton National Park 
P.O. Box 67, Moose, WY 83012. 

Series of scenic peaks and lakes 
comprising the most impressive part 
of the Teton Range, and Jackson Hole, 
the valley at the foot of the range, 
containing moose, elk, deer, and much 
other wildlife. A "Living History" area. 

Wheelchair users need assistance in 
entering all public buildings having 
one or more entrance steps. Jackson 
Lake Lodge has an elevator, a doctor, 
and a nurse. Many park features, in- 
cluding the valley floor, may be en- 
joyed by car but interpretive signs and 
natural and historical features are re- 
stricted by curbing where wheelchair 
visitors will need assistance. Evening 
naturalist programs are available at 
Lizard Creek campfire circle (paved 
walk without curb), Colter Bay amphi- 
theater (paved walk with curb), Signal 
Mountain campfire circle (earthen trail 
without curb), Jenny Lake amphithea- 
ter (paved walk and earthen trail with- 
out curb), and Gros Ventre amphithe- 
ater (paved walk with curb and several 
steps). 

Blind persons will find the large re- 
lief map at the Jenny Lake museum 
helpful in realizing the ruggedness of 
the area. A plastic relief map of the 
park is sold at all three visitor centers. 

Persons with a serious heart condi- 
tion are cautioned that the average 
elevation of main features is 6,800 
feet. 



Yellowstone National Park 
Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190. 

World's greatest geyser area, with 
about 3,000 geysers and hot springs; 
spectacular falls and canyon of the 
Yellowstone River; abundant wildlife. 
In Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. 

Canyon Visitor Center, Old Faithful 
Visitor Center, Grant Visitor Center, 
Norris Museum, Bridge Bay multi-pur- 
pose building, and Mammoth Hotel 
(with elevator) are accessible by wheel- 
chair; also accessible are ground-floor 
rooms at the Lake Hotel and Old Faith- 
ful Inn. Canyon Village Coffee Shop 
dining room and cafeteria, Canyon 
Village General Store lunch counter, 
Fishing Bridge Cafeteria, Fishing 
Bridge General Store fountain, Lake 
Hotel dining room, and Old Faithful 
Inn Coffee Shop are also accessible. 
The following significant natural fea- 
tures are accessible to the handi- 
capped, including persons with a heart 
condition: Liberty Cap, Opal Spring, 
Mammoth Hot Springs, Golden Gate, 
Rustic Falls, Obsidian Cliff, Roaring 
Mountain, Frying Pan Springs, Porce- 
lain Basin, Emerald Spring, Beryl 
Spring, Gibbon Falls, Firehole Canyon 
and Falls, Pink Cone Geyser, Great 
Fountain Geyser, Firehole Lake, White 
Dome Geyser, Biscuit Basin, Old Faith- 
ful Geyser, Castle Geyser, Grotto Gey- 
ser, Riverside Geyser, Morning Glory 
Pool, Black Sand Basin, Lewis Falls, 
Lewis Lake, West Thumb Geyser Ba- 
sin, Yellowstone Lake, Lake Butte 
Point, Fishing Bridge, Black Dragon 
Cauldron, Sulfur Cauldron, Hayden 
Valley, Grand Canyon of the Yellow- 
stone, Virginia Cascade, Tower Fall, 
Overhanging Cliff, and Petrified Tree. 

More than 30 wayside interpretive 
exhibits are located along the park 
roads and may be enjoyed by wheel- 
chair occupants. Audiovisual programs 
are offered at the Old Faithful, Grant, 
and Canyon Visitor Centers, and camp- 
fire programs at Fishing Bridge, Can- 
yon, Madison Junction, Mammoth, and 
Tower Fall amphitheaters. 

Elevation along main park roads: 
6,000 to 8,000 feet. Average elevation of 
main features: 7,000 feet. There is a 
medical clinic at Mammoth Hot Springs 
and a hospital at Lake. 



73 




Yellowstone 



OTHER 
PUBLICATIONS 



National Parks of the United States 

A packet of eight maps covering the 
more than 270 national parks. Five de- 
tailed regional maps show the inter- 
state highway system and its relations 
to the parks; two separate maps locate 
the parks of New York City and Wash- 
ington, D.C.; an 18" x 28" map of the 
entire United States also lists all fa- 
cilities, accommodations, and activities 
in the parks; envelope convenient for 
mailing. 2405-0030 per packet $1.50 

Camping 

in the National Park System 

A guide to camping facilities and 
accommodations in the national parks, 
including camping season, limit of 
stay, number of sites, fees, food and 
sanitary services, and recreational op- 
portunities; chart lists park addresses 
and campsite locations; reference map. 
2405-0266 250 

Boating Regulations 

in the National Park System 

Federal regulations covering per- 
mits, lifesaving equipment, commer- 
cial operations, lighting and signaling 
devices, and classifications; includes 
color-coded channel buoy guide and 
a guide to the Uniform State Waterway 
Marking System. 2405-0243 400 

Fishing 

in the National Park System 

A guide to fresh- and salt-water fish- 
ing in 61 parks, seashores, and recrea- 
tion areas, including information on 
regulations, licenses, and special pro- 
grams. 2405-0004 300 

Winter Activities 

in the National Park System 

A complete guide to downhill and 
crosscountry skiing, snowmobiling, and 
other winter sports in the parks, in- 
cluding information on accommoda- 
tions, supplies, medical assistance, ski 
instruction, and winter access to parks 
by highway, bus, train, and plane; quick 
reference chart on facilities, activities, 
and accommodations; park and con- 
cessioner addresses. 2405-0262 350 



Back-Country Travel 

in the National Park System 

A comprehensive guide to more than 
40 parks that permit travel in back- 
country areas on foot, on horseback, 
by canoe, and by other means; infor- 
mation on planning, conservation, safe- 
ty, trail use, and regulations; and park 
topography and wildlife. Helpful hints 
for the backpacker; reference map. 
2405-0267 350 

Living History 

in the National Park System 

An index of national parks offering 
live demonstrations, including living 
farms, arts, crafts and skills, outdoor 
life, military life, and Indian cultural 
activities; park-by-park listing with ad- 
dresses. 2405-0216 300 

These publications may be obtained 
through the Superintendent of Docu- 
ments, U.S. Government Printing Of- 
fice, Washington, DC 20402. 



INDEX 



! 



Key to Abbreviations: NB — National 
Battlefield; NBP— National Battlefield 
Park; NBS— National Battlefield Site; 
NHP— National Historical Park; NHS— 
National Historic Site; NL — National 
Lakeshore; NMem — National Memo- 
rial; NMemP — National Memorial Park; 
NMP — National Military Park; NM — 
National Monument; NP — National 
Park; NBA — National Recreation Area; 
NSR — National Scenic Riverways; NS 
— National Seashore. 



33 Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS 

34 Acadia NP 
37 Adams NHS 

42 Agate Fossil Beds NM 

55 Allegheny Portage Railroad NHS 

61 Amistad NRA 

59 Andrew Johnson NHS 

35 Antietam NBS 

65 Appomattox Court House NHP 

54 Arbuckle NRA 

62 Arches NP 

17 Arkansas Post NMem 

35 Assateague Island NS 

46 Aztec Ruins NM 

58 Badlands NM 

46 Bandolier NM 

22 Bent's Old Fort NHS 

61 Big Bend NP 
41 Big Hole NB 

41 Bighorn Canyon NRA 

22 Black Canyon of the Gunnison NM 

65 Blue Ridge Parkway 

65 Booker T. Washington NM 

39 Brices Cross Roads NBS 

62 Bryce Canyon NP 
69 Buck Island Reef NM 



18 Cabrillo NM 

9 Canyon de Chelly NM 

62 Canyonlands NP 

37 Cape Cod NS 

51 Cape Hatteras NS 

62 Capitol Reef NP 

46 Capulin Mountain NM 

46 Carlsbad Caverns NP 
10 Casa Grande Ruins NM 

27 Castillo de San Marcos NM 

49 Castle Clinton NM 

35 Catoctin Mountain Park 

63 Cedar Breaks NM 

47 Chaco Canyon NM 
34 Chalmette NHP 

18 Channel Islands NM 

24 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal NHP 

42 Chimney Rock NHS 

29 Chickamauga and Chattanooga NMP 
10 Chiricahua NM 

69 Christiansted NHS 

30 City of Refuge NHP 
66 Colonial NHP 

22 Colorado NM 

10 Coronado NMem 

70 Coulee Dam NRA 
58 Cowpens NBS 
54 Crater Lake NP 

31 Craters of the Moon NM 
33 Cumberland Gap NHP 

22 Curecanti NRA 

41 Custer Battlefield NM 

66 Custis-Lee Mansion 

18 Death Valley NM 

45 Delaware Water Gap NRA 

27 De Soto NMem 

18 Devils Postpile NM 

72 Devils Tower NM 

23 Dinosaur NM 

45 Edison NHS 

32 Effigy Mounds NM 
47 El Morro NM 

28 Everglades NP 



11 



49 Federal Hall NMem 

49 Fire Island NS 

25 Ford's Theatre NHS 

28 Fort Caroline NMem 

54 Fort Clatsop NMem 
61 Fort Davis NHS 

59 Fort Donelson NMP 

29 Fort Frederica NM 
28 Fort Jefferson NM 
72 Fort Laramie NHS 
32 Fort Lamed NHS 

36 Fort McHenry NM and Historic Shrine 

28 Fort Matanzas NM 

55 Fort Necessity NB 

29 Fort Pulaski NM 

51 Fort Raleigh NHS 
17 Fort Smith NHS 
58 Fort Sumter NM 

47 Fort Union NM 

52 Fort Union Trading Post NHS 
70 Fort Vancouver NHS 

36 Fort Washington 

25 Frederick Douglass Home 

66 Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania 
County Battlefields Memorial NMP 

49 General Grant NMem 

31 George Rogers Clark NHP 

67 George Washington Birthplace NM 
40 George Washington Carver NM 

56 Gettysburg NMP 

48 Gila Cliff Dwellings NM 
8 Glacier Bay NM 

42 Glacier NP 

11 Glen Canyon NRA 

63 Golden Spike NHS 

11 Grand Canyon NM 

11 Grand Canyon NP 

39 Grand Portage NM 

72 Grand Teton NP 

48 Gran Quivira NM 

67 Great Falls Park 

23 Great Sand Dunes NM 

60 Great Smoky Mountains NP 
36 Greenbelt Park 

52 Guilford Courthouse NMP 



30 Haleakala NP 

49 Hamilton Grange NMem 

36 Hampton NHS 

71 Harpers Ferry NHP 

30 Hawaii Volcanoes NP 

32 Herbert Hoover NHS 

50 Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt NHS 

43 Homestead NM of America 
56 Hopewell Village NHS 

8 Horseshoe Bend NMP 

17 Hot Springs NP 
23 Hovenweep NM 

1 2 Hubbell Trading Post NHS 

56 Independence NHP • 

38 Isle Royale NP 

40 Jefferson National Expansion 

Memorial NHS 

58 Jewel Cave NM 

37 John Fitzgerald Kennedy NHS 

18 John Muir NHS 

56 Johnstown Flood NMem 

19 Joshua Tree NM 

8 Katmai NM 

25 Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens 

29 Kennesaw Mountain NBP 

21 Kings Canyon NP 

58 Kings Mountain NMP 

70 Lake Chelan NRA 

12 Lake Mead NRA 

19 Lassen Volcanic NP 

19 Lava Beds NM 

44 Lehman Caves NM 

31 Lincoln Boyhood NMem 
25 Lincoln Memorial 

61 Lyndon B. Johnson NHS 

55 McLoughlin House NHS 

33 Mammoth Cave NP 
67 Manassas NBP 

23 Mesa Verde NP 

37 Minute Man NHP 

13 Montezuma Castle NM 

52 Moores Creek NMP 

45 Morristown NHP 

53 Mound City Group NM 

9 Mount McKinley NP 
70 Mount Rainier NP 

58 Mount Rushmore NMem 

19 Muir Woods NM 



39 Natchez Trace Parkway 

63 Natural Bridges NM 
13 Navajo NM 

68 Netherlands Carillon 

31 Nez Perce NHP 

70 North Cascades NP 

29 Ocmulgee NM 

25 Old Stone House 
70 Olympic NP 

55 Oregon Caves NM 

13 Organ Pipe Cactus NM 
36 Oxon Hill Children's Farm 
41 Ozark NSR 

61 Padre Island NS 

17 Pea Ridge NMP 

48 Pecos NM 

53 Perry's Victory and Interna- 
tional Peace Memorial NM 

26 Peirce Mill 

67 Petersburg NB 

14 Petrified Forest NP 

38 Pictured Rocks NL 
20 Pinnacles NM 

14 Pipe Spring NM 

39 Pipestone NM 

54 Piatt NP 

20 Point Reyes NS 

68 Prince William Forest Park 

64 Rainbow Bridge NM 
20 Redwood NP 

68 Richmond NBP 

26 Rock Creek Nature Center 

23 Rocky Mountain NP 

70 Ross Lake NRA 

8 Russell Cave NM 



50 Sagamore Hill NHS 

15 Saguaro NM 

44 Saint-Gaudens NHS 

38 Salem Maritime NHS 

61 Sanford NRA 

71 San Juan Island NHP 

57 San Juan NHS 

50 Saratoga NHP 

38 Saugus Iron Works NHS 
43 Scotts Bluff NM 

21 Sequoia NP 

23 Shadow Mountain NRA 

68 Shenandoah NP 

60 Shiloh NMP 

9 Sitka NM 

50 Statue of Liberty NM 
60 Stones River NB 

15 Sunset Crater NM 

51 Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace NHS 

51 Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural NHS 
26 Theodore Roosevelt Island 

52 Theodore Roosevelt NMemP 

26 Thomas Jefferson Memorial 
64 Timpanogos Cave NM 

15 Tonto NM 

57 Touro Synagogue NHS 

15 Tumacacori NM 

39 Tupelo NB 

16 Tuzigoot NM 

68 U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial 

51 Vanderbilt Mansion NHS 

40 Vicksburg NMP 

69 Virgin Islands NP 

16 Walnut Canyon NM 

27 Washington Monument 

21 Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity NRA 

27 White House 

48 White Sands NM 

71 Whitman Mission NHS 

53 William Howard Taft NHS 

41 Wilson's Creek NB 
59 Wind Cave NP 

68 Wolf Trap Farm Park 
for the Performing Arts 

52 Wright Brothers NMem 
16 Wupatki NM 

73 Yellowstone NP 

21 Yosemite NP 



79 



64 Zion NP 



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National Park Service 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 



As the Nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has 
basic responsibilities for water, fish, wildlife, mineral, land, park, and recreational 
resources. Indian and Territorial affairs are other major concerns of America's "De- 
partment of Natural Resources." The Department works to assure the wisest choice 
in managing all our resources so each will make Its full contribution to a better 
United States — now and in the future. 




For saie by the Superintendent of Document Qovernmt 

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price 40 ' 
Stock Number r*^."^*^ ^^'^^6